180 POR­TRAITS

180 POR­TRAITS OF THE PEOPLE WHO HELPED SHAPE THE CITY FROM MARCH 6,1834 TO THE PRESENT

Toronto Star - - FRONT PAGE - By Bruce DeMara

OF PEOPLE WHO HELPED MAKE OUR CITY GREAT, FROM MARCH 6, 1834 TO TO­DAY. DID YOU MAKE THE CUT?

Bishop John Strachan

1778-1867

Strachan was an in­flu­en­tial fig­ure long be­fore he be­came Toronto’s first Angli­can bishop in 1839. As a tu­tor, he ed­u­cated key mem­bers of the Fam­ily Com­pact, the pow­er­ful clique that con­trolled po­lit­i­cal, eco­nomic and ju­di­cial power in Up­per Canada through­out the first half of the 19th century. Strachan is re­mem­bered for his sym­pa­thy to­ward the First Na­tions com­mu­nity and his fierce an­tiAmer­i­can­ism. He founded Trin­ity Col­lege in 1851, which be­came part of the Univer­sity of Toronto in 1904.

Wil­liam Lyon Macken­zie

1795-1861

Toronto’s first mayor was elected in 1834 and from the be­gin­ning was a res­o­lute ad­vo­cate for re­form, which meant fre­quently cross­ing swords with the Fam­ily Com­pact. His dis­sat­is­fac­tion with the slow pace of progress led him in 1837 to or­ga­nize the Up­per Canada Re­bel­lion, a short-lived up­ris­ing that forced him into ex­ile in the U.S. for 12 years. The com­pelling or­a­tor and news­pa­per pub­lisher was a con­tro­ver­sial fig­ure through­out his life and is re­mem­bered as a cham­pion of open govern­ment and an op­po­nent of nepo­tism and cor­rup­tion.

Ge­orge Brown

1818-1880

A year af­ter his ar­rival in 1843, Brown founded the Toronto Globe (which later joined with oth­ers to be­come the Globe and Mail). He used the paper to at­tack slav­ery in the U.S. and, as a mem­ber of the Re­form move­ment, was an ad­vo­cate for re­spon­si­ble govern­ment in Canada. Brown at­tended the two con­fer­ences in Char­lot­te­town and Que­bec that led to Con­fed­er­a­tion in 1867. He died in 1880 from an in­fected leg wound af­ter be­ing shot by a for­mer em­ployee. His name lives on in Toronto’s Ge­orge Brown Col­lege, founded in 1967.

Ge­orge Wil­liam Al­lan

1822-1901

Toronto’s 11th mayor, elected in 1855, played an im­por­tant role in the cul­tural life of the city as pres­i­dent of the His­tor­i­cal So­ci­ety, the On­tario So­ci­ety of Artists, the Toronto Con­ser­va­tory of Mu­sic and the Toronto Hor­ti­cul­tural So­ci­ety. Al­lan was also a friend and pa­tron of artist Paul Kane. In 1857, Al­lan do­nated a par­cel of land for the cre­ation of Al­lan Gar­dens, with its dis­tinc­tive con­ser­va­tory, one of the city’s old­est parks. It was opened on Sept. 11, 1860, by the fu­ture Ed­ward VII.

Nathan Phillips

1892-1976

Toronto’s first Jewish mayor served from 1955 to 1962 af­ter a lengthy ca­reer in pol­i­tics that be­gan with his elec­tion as al­der­man in 1926. He was known as “mayor of all the people” and his ten­ure rep­re­sented a dra­matic break: all pre­vi­ous may­ors had been Protes­tant and, since the be­gin­ning of the century, mem­bers of the Or­ange Or­der. Phillips cham­pi­oned the con­struc­tion of New City Hall to re­place the old one across the street at Queen and Bay, which was com­pleted in 1899. The pub­lic square fac­ing the build­ing is named in his hon­our.

David Crom­bie

born 1936

Toronto’s 56th mayor led the civic-re­form move­ment be­tween 1972 to 1978, end­ing an era of ram­pant pro-de­vel­op­ment poli­cies at city hall by pre­serv­ing pub­lic hous­ing and fo­cus­ing on cre­at­ing liv­able com­mu­ni­ties such as the St. Lawrence neigh­bour­hood. Af­ter leav­ing city pol­i­tics, the “tiny per­fect mayor” has of­fered his ex­per­tise on the fu­ture of Toronto’s wa­ter­front, as chair of On­tario Place and as CEO of the Cana­dian Ur­ban In­sti­tute, the na­tional think tank.

Wil­liam Pey­ton Hub­bard

1842-1935

When Hub­bard was elected al­der­man in 1894, he be­came the first politi­cian of African de­scent to hold elected of­fice in a Cana­dian city. Re­mark­ably for the times, he was elected in one of the city’s most af­flu­ent and An­glo-Saxon wards and served as deputy mayor. Dur­ing more than a decade in of­fice, Hub­bard — known for his wit and or­a­tory — was a strong pro­po­nent of pub­lic own­er­ship of Toronto’s wa­ter and hy­dro­elec­tric sys­tem.

Fred Gar­diner

1895-1983

Gar­diner, who had been reeve of For­est Hill, was ap­pointed by the prov­ince in 1953 as the first chair­man of Metro Toronto, an amal­ga­ma­tion of Toronto and 12 smaller mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties. Known as Big Daddy, he was a tough prag­ma­tist who dur­ing his eight-year ten­ure over­saw the cre­ation of the Toronto Tran­sit Com­mis­sion and the open­ing of the Yonge sub­way line (in 1954); the amal­ga­ma­tion of po­lice forces (in 1957); and plan­ning for an ex­panded net­work of ar­te­rial roads and ex­press­ways, in­clud­ing the Gar­diner Ex­press­way.

Paul God­frey

born 1939

Few people have had as many roles. In 1973 — af­ter nine years as North York al­der­man — he served in the pow­er­ful role of Metro chair­man. He left pol­i­tics in 1984 to be­come pub­lisher of the Toronto Sun — ris­ing to the po­si­tion of CEO of Sun Me­dia — and a board mem­ber of the Sta­dium Corp. of On­tario, which selected the site and de­sign for the SkyDome (now the Rogers Cen­tre), which opened in 1989. In 2000, God­frey be­came pres­i­dent and CEO of the Toronto Blue Jays, a po­si­tion he held for eight years, dur­ing which the Jays’ par­ent com­pany, Rogers Com­mu­ni­ca­tions, pur­chased the sta­dium for $25 mil­lion, a frac­tion of its es­ti­mated $570mil­lion con­struc­tion cost. He is cur­rently pres­i­dent of Postmedia Net­work and served four years as chair of the On­tario Lot­tery and Gam­ing Corp. un­til his ouster last year.

Tommy Church

1870-1950

In an era when mu­nic­i­pal politi­cians were elected to one-year terms, Church set a record: he was elected mayor for seven con­sec­u­tive terms from 1915 to 1921 (de­spite op­po­si­tion from the Toronto Star and a young writer named Ernest Hem­ing­way). He was also the last mayor in the city’s his­tory to read the Riot Act, in 1918, to demon­stra­tors who were tar­get­ing im­mi­grant businesses. Later a longserv­ing MP, Church’s death in 1950 led to what was then the largest pub­lic fu­neral in Toronto’s his­tory.

Al­lan Lam­port

1903-1999

Even be­fore he was mayor, Lam­port played an im­por­tant role in loos­en­ing up Toronto the Good, suc­cess­fully lob­by­ing the prov­ince to al­low the city to open cock­tail bars in 1947. In 1950, as a city con­troller, he led a cam­paign to al­low sports to be played on Sun­day (at a time when even swings were pad­locked on the Lord’s Day). He was first elected mayor in 1951 but re­signed in 1954 to serve briefly as vice-chair and then chair of the Toronto Tran­sit Com­mis­sion, which in 1959 ap­proved the con­struc­tion of the BloorDan­forth sub­way line. Lam­port was also known for his colourful man­gled apho­risms, in­clud­ing: “It’s like push­ing a car up a hill with a rope” and “It’s hard to make pre­dic­tions — es­pe­cially about the fu­ture.”

Jack Lay­ton

1950-2011

Fol­low­ing his elec­tion as city coun­cil­lor in 1982, Lay­ton led the city’s re­sponse to the AIDS cri­sis as chair of its board of health. Dur­ing his long ca­reer in mu­nic­i­pal pol­i­tics, the left-wing politi­cian and so­cial ac­tivist cham­pi­oned ini­tia­tives re­lated to the en­vi­ron­ment, home­less­ness and af­ford­able hous­ing. As coun­cil­lor, pres­i­dent of the Fed­er­a­tion of Cana­dian Mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties and later as federal NDP leader, Lay­ton con­tin­ued to ad­vo­cate for new sources of long-term fund­ing for Toronto and all mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties from se­nior lev­els of govern­ment.

James “Jim­mie” Simp­son

1873-1939

The city’s first “so­cial­ist” mayor came to Canada from Eng­land at 14 and was among 27 print­ers who in 1892 went on strike and formed The Evening Star, which in 1899 was taken over by Toronto Star founder Joseph Atkin­son (Simp­son would later work for him as a city hall re­porter). Simp­son was first elected as a city con­troller (se­nior al­der­man) in 1914, re­turn­ing to of­fice from 1930 to 1934, where he ad­vo­cated for a min­i­mum wage for mu­nic­i­pal work­ers. In 1935, he was elected the first and only mayor un­der the ban­ner of the Co­op­er­a­tive Com­mon­wealth Fed­er­a­tion, the fore­run­ner of the NDP.

Mel Last­man

born 1933

The for­mer ap­pli­ance sales­man was of­ten the Bad Boy of city pol­i­tics dur­ing a 35-year ca­reer as the first and only mayor of the City of North York (which was el­e­vated from bor­ough sta­tus in 1979), and, in 1997, when he be­came Toronto’s first megac­ity mayor, serv­ing two three-year terms dur­ing the dif­fi­cult early post-amal­ga­ma­tion years. He was de­rided for call­ing in the Cana­dian mil­i­tary to help with snow-clear­ing in 1999 and jeop­ar­dized Toronto’s Olympic bid with in­tem­per­ate com­ments about Africans. He also en­dured per­sonal crises when his wife, Mar­i­lyn, was ar­rested for shoplift­ing, and when it came to light that he had had a longterm mis­tress who bore him two sons.

David Miller

born 1958

Toronto’s sec­ond post-amal­ga­ma­tion mayor — a for­mer NDP mem­ber who brought deco­rum and diplo­macy to the of­fice — was a sooth­ing con­trast to the first mayor and the city’s cur­rent one. As a reg­u­lar user of the TTC, he wrested new sources of fund­ing from Queen’s Park, in­clud­ing a ve­hi­cle reg­is­tra­tion tax (since re­voked un­der Mayor Rob Ford) and a land trans­fer tax.

Don­ald Wil­lard Moore

1891-1994

Moore ar­rived from Bar­ba­dos and be­came a life­long ac­tivist fight­ing against re­pres­sive federal laws that re­stricted im­mi­gra­tion for non­white people from the West Indies and other Com­mon­wealth coun­tries. His first black del­e­ga­tion to Ot­tawa in 1957 suc­ceeded in open­ing the doors for nurses and do­mes­tic work­ers to en­ter Canada and to re­ceive per­ma­nent res­i­dent sta­tus. Moore was also in­volved in found­ing a com­mu­nity cen­tre for new im­mi­grants near Col­lege St. and Au­gusta Ave. as well as the Toronto Ne­gro Ci­ti­zen­ship As­so­ci­a­tion.

June Call­wood

1924-2007

Call­wood grew up in small-town On­tario and came to Toronto in 1942 to work as a re­porter for the Globe and Mail. Over more than six decades, she was a pas­sion­ate cru­sader on var­i­ous so­cial-jus­tice causes, in­clud­ing those in­volv­ing women and chil­dren and free­dom of ex­pres­sion. Over her ca­reer she helped found more than 50 or­ga­ni­za­tions, in­clud­ing PEN Canada, which ad­vo­cates for per­se­cuted writ­ers around the world. She founded Jessie’s to pro­vide ser­vices for preg­nant teens and young fam­i­lies in 1982 and Casey House for people with AIDS in 1988.

John Ste­fanini

born 1940

When five Ital­ian im­mi­grants were killed in an un­der­ground tun­nel in 1960 — an event known as the Hogg’s Hol­low Dis­as­ter — Ste­fanini, who would later serve as busi­ness man­ager of Lo­cal 183 of the Labour­ers In­ter­na­tional Union of North Amer­ica, led the ef­fort among union lead­ers to mo­bi­lize the com­mu­nity to im­prove work­ing con­di­tions, re­sult­ing in a provin­cial Royal Com­mis­sion that led to the first ma­jor up­date of safety stan­dards and labour reg­u­la­tions in decades.

John Clarke

born 1954

The English-born ac­tivist is co­founder of the On­tario Coali­tion Against Poverty and has been a stri­dent and ar­tic­u­late voice on be­half of the poor and marginal­ized for al­most 35 years. Through pub­lic demon­stra­tions and ad­vo­cacy, the coali­tion has op­posed govern­ment tight-fist­ed­ness and so­cial-ser­vice cut­backs, draw­ing at­ten­tion to the need for af­ford­able hous­ing and sup­port for in­di­vid­u­als who have been de­nied govern­ment ben­e­fits to which they are en­ti­tled.

Charles Sau­riol

1904-1995

The con­ser­va­tion­ist fell in love with Don Val­ley in his youth and de­voted much of his life to pre­serv­ing our nat­u­ral her­itage. He founded the Don Val­ley Con­ser­va­tion As­so­ci­a­tion in 1946 and in 1957 joined the Toronto and Re­gion Con­ser­va­tion Author­ity, which ac­quired much of the val­ley and ravine lands over the next two decades. Sau­riol wrote four books on the his­tory of the Don River and led ef­forts to cre­ate other con­ser­va­tion ar­eas in Toronto, in­clud­ing Black Creek Pioneer Vil­lage and Tod­mor­den Mills.

Brom­ley Arm­strong

born 1926

Arm­strong ar­rived from Ja­maica in 1947 and em­barked on a life­time of ad­vo­cacy on be­half of im­mi­grants and people of colour. A labour ac­tivist and civil-rights leader, he founded a num­ber of or­ga­ni­za­tions dur­ing the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, in­clud­ing the Toronto Black Busi­ness and Pro­fes­sional As­so­ci­a­tion, the Ur­ban Al­liance on Race Re­la­tions and the Cana­dian Eth­no­cul­tural Coun­cil. He also founded the Caribbean Soc­cer Club and served as vi­cepres­i­dent of the Toronto United Ne­gro Credit Union from 1950 to 1954.

Stephen Otto

born 1940

Otto is among the city’s most ar­dent cham­pi­ons for the preser­va­tion of its his­tor­i­cal her­itage. Over more than 40 years, he and a net­work of friends and al­lies have strug­gled valiantly to pro­tect and re­fur­bish her­itage prop­er­ties. Otto’s most no­table achieve­ment: the recla­ma­tion of lands around his­toric Fort York. He is the founder of Friends of Fort York and with his vol­un­teer group is the chief stew­ard of the mil­i­tary for­ti­fi­ca­tion and gar­ri­son that pre­dates Toronto. Otto do­nated $250,000 to the fort in 2009.

John An­dras

born 1959

The Bay Street in­vest­ment banker was the co-founder, in 1993, of Project Warmth, which pro­vides sleep­ing bags for home­less people. Since then, he has co-founded the Toronto Dis­as­ter Re­lief Com­mit­tee which, un­til it ceased oper­a­tion in 2012, worked to get the federal govern­ment of the day to de­clare home­less­ness a “na­tional dis­as­ter.” He has been chair of SKETCH, an arts space for street youth. A past-pres­i­dent of the Ro­tary Club, An­dras has also worked on is­sues re­lated to poverty, abo­rig­i­nal is­sues, com­mu­nity hous­ing and youth em­ploy­ment.

Jane Ja­cobs

1916-2006

With the pub­li­ca­tion of The Life and Death of Great Amer­i­can Cities in 1961, Ja­cobs be­come the best known “ur­ban guru” of her time. Seven years later, she left New York to bring her in­tel­li­gence and ac­tivism to Toronto, and over the decades that fol­lowed in­spired gen­er­a­tions of cit­i­zens, civic lead­ers and ur­ban plan­ners to make her adopted city work bet­ter. Ja­cobs was a leading fig­ure in op­pos­ing the Spad­ina Ex­press­way, which was aban­doned by the provin­cial govern­ment in 1971. Her sup­port was also im­por­tant in the cre­ation of the St. Lawrence neigh­bour­hood.

Wil­liam Kil­bourn

1926-1995

With de­grees in mod­ern his­tory from Ox­ford and Har­vard, the Toronto na­tive spent much of his life re­search­ing and cel­e­brat­ing the city’s past. Kil­bourn, who sat on city coun­cil from 1970 to 1976, also served on the board of the Art Gallery of On­tario, Young People’s Theatre and the Toronto His­tor­i­cal Board. He wrote sev­eral books, in­clud­ing Toronto Re­mem­bered: A Cel­e­bra­tion of the City and The Fire­brand: Wil­liam Lyon Macken­zie and the 1837 Re­bel­lion. The Wil­liam Kil­bourn Me­mo­rial Lec­ture is spon­sored by Her­itage Toronto in his mem­ory.

Rollo My­ers

born 1943

For more than 30 years, the Aus­tralian-born My­ers has fought to pre­serve Toronto’s his­tory. He is co­founder of Cit­i­zens for the Old Town, a group that works to pre­serve the orig­i­nal 10-block area of the pre-Toronto Town of York. My­ers spent more than 15 years draw­ing at­ten­tion to the site of the prov­ince’s first par­lia­ment build­ings at Front St. E. and Berke­ley St. that were burned by the Amer­i­cans dur­ing the War of 1812. This led to the ex­ca­va­tion of the area for his­tor­i­cal re­mains and the site’s des­ig­na­tion un­der the On­tario Her­itage Act. He has also ren­o­vated four her­itage prop­er­ties in Cab­bage­town.

Frances Lankin

born 1954

One of the Don Jail’s first fe­male cor­rec­tional work­ers, Lankin has since been a union ac­tivist with a fo­cus on women’s is­sues, in­clud­ing pay eq­uity and ma­ter­nity leave; a co-founder of the On­tario Coali­tion for Bet­ter Child­care; a Toronto MPP and provin­cial cab­i­net min­is­ter; and served from 2001to 2011 as CEO and pres­i­dent of the United Way of Greater Toronto, mo­bi­liz­ing the agency to iden­tify the un­der­ly­ing causes of so­cial prob­lems. Lankin cur­rently serves on a panel that over­sees the Cana­dian Se­cu­rity In­tel­li­gence Ser­vice and was re­cently ap­pointed chair of the On­tario Press Coun­cil.

Stan­ley G. Griz­zle

born 1918

Born in Toronto to Ja­maican im­mi­grants, Griz­zle worked as a rail­way porter. Af­ter re­turn­ing from ser­vice in the Sec­ond World War, he be­came a labour ac­tivist with the Brother­hood of Sleep­ing Car Porters, which bat­tled with Cana­dian Na­tional Rail­way to open man­age­ment ranks to black em­ploy­ees. Dur­ing the 1950s, he be­came a leader in Canada’s fledg­ling civil-rights move­ment. Griz­zle was ap­pointed the coun­try’s first black ci­ti­zen­ship judge by prime min­is­ter Pierre Trudeau in 1978.

Ge­orge His­lop

1927-2005

De­scribed by the Star in his obit­u­ary as the “un­of­fi­cial mayor of the Toronto gay com­mu­nity,” His­lop was an in­domitable ad­vo­cate at a time when ha­tred and dis­crim­i­na­tion were so­cially ac­cept­able. In 1971, he co-founded the Com­mu­nity Ho­mophile As­so­ci­a­tion of Toronto and or­ga­nized the first gay-rights march on Par­lia­ment Hill. He was de­feated in his sole run for city coun­cil­lor in 1980, in large part due to the vir­u­lent op­po­si­tion of the Toronto Po­lice As­so­ci­a­tion and the Toronto Sun. In 2003, he was among a group of seven ac­tivists who sued the federal govern­ment for CPP ben­e­fits for same-sex part­ners of de­ceased pen­sion­ers.

David On­ley

born 1950

A long-time Scar­bor­ough res­i­dent with a de­gree in po­lit­i­cal sci­ence from the Univer­sity of Toronto, On­tario’s Lieu­tenant-Gover­nor is also a vo­cal and vis­i­ble ad­vo­cate for people with dis­abil­i­ties. Dur­ing his 23 years at Ci­tytv cov­er­ing sci­ence, tech­nol­ogy, ed­u­ca­tion and weather and as an­chor, On­ley in­sisted the cam­era not shy away from the fact he used a mo­bil­ity de­vice. He has used his role as vicere­gal to re­move bar­ri­ers to the prov­ince’s 1.5 mil­lion people with dis­abil­i­ties.

Avvy Go

born 1963

Since be­ing called to the On­tario bar in 1991, Go has used her le­gal skills to as­sist low-in­come im­mi­grants to nav­i­gate the jus­tice sys­tem, serv­ing as di­rec­tor of the Metro Toronto Chi­nese & South­east Asian Le­gal Clinic since 1992. As head of the Toronto chap­ter of the Chi­nese Cana­dian Na­tional Coun­cil, she played a role in ef­forts to re­dress the in­jus­tice of the Chi­nese head tax levied from 1885 to 1923 and the Chi­nese Ex­clu­sion Act of 1923 that made im­mi­gra­tion vir­tu­ally im­pos­si­ble. Go acted as co-coun­sel in a suit that led the federal govern­ment to apol­o­gize and of­fer com­pen­sa­tion to head-tax sur­vivors or their spouses in 2006.

“The Town it­self is full of life, mo­tion, busi­ness and im­prove­ment. The streets are well-paved and lighted with gas. The houses are large and good; the shops ex­cel­lent.”

CHARLES DICK­ENS

1842

Charles Roach

1933-2012

A grad­u­ate of the Univer­sity of Toronto law school, Roach rep­re­sented for­eign do­mes­tic work­ers fac­ing de­por­ta­tion in the 1970s. In 1988, he was a found­ing mem­ber of the Black Ac­tion De­fence Com­mit­tee, a vo­cal op­po­nent of po­lice vi­o­lence. He was also a found­ing mem­ber of Caribana, later re­named the Sco­tia­bank Toronto Caribbean Car­ni­val.

Win­nie Ng

born 1951

The Hong Kong-born Ng ar­rived in 1975 and worked for two years as a com­mu­nity worker at Univer­sity Set­tle­ment House, one of Toronto’s old­est so­cial-ser­vice agencies. Her mother’s job as a sewing-ma­chine op­er­a­tor led her to the In­ter­na­tional Ladies Gar­ment Work­ers Union, where she worked to im­prove work­ing con­di­tions and end the ex­ploita­tion of women from many cul­tural back­grounds. Since then, she has cham­pi­oned the cause of im­mi­grant work­ers — male and fe­male — through such or­ga­ni­za­tions as the Asian Cana­dian Labour Al­liance and the Cana­dian Labour Congress.

Craig Kiel­burger

born 1982

At 12, Kiel­burger and his older brother, Marc, founded the Toronto-based or­ga­ni­za­tion Free the Chil­dren, ded­i­cated to chil­dren’s rights and end­ing child labour in de­vel­op­ing coun­tries. Since its in­cep­tion in 1995, it has mo­bi­lized young people to build 650 schools in 45 na­tions. The Kiel­burger broth­ers have also founded Me to We, which sells so­cially con­scious prod­ucts and ser­vices that raise money so that vol­un­teers can travel to Kenya, In­dia and China.

Joseph Bloore

1789-1862

His­tor­i­cal sources of­fer no ex­pla­na­tion of how Bloore, an English­man who im­mi­grated to Canada in 1819, lost the “e” in his last name to be­come sim­ply Joseph Bloor. From 1824 to 1831, he made a good liv­ing as the innkeeper of the Farmer’s Arms on King St. Af­ter he and his part­ner, Wil­liam Jarvis, pur­chased four tracts of land in the vicin­ity of Yonge St. and Bloor St., he built a brew­ery in Rosedale Val­ley and founded the Vil­lage of Yorkville in 1830, us­ing the lure of “clean sub­ur­ban air out­side the city” to es­tab­lish what is con­sid­ered to be Toronto’s first res­i­den­tial sub­urb. Bloor St. was orig­i­nally called the Sec­ond Con­ces­sion, then later Toll­gate Road, be­fore be­ing re­named in Bloor’s hon­our in 1855. Af­ter a pe­ti­tion by its res­i­dents, the Vil­lage of Yorkville was an­nexed by Toronto in 1883.

Charles Ber­czy

1794-1858

Ber­czy had an un­usual hy­brid ca­reer as both post­mas­ter and spy­mas­ter. Ap­pointed post­mas­ter sur­veyor (in­spec­tor) in 1835, he be­came post­mas­ter three years later. Af­ter the Up­per Canada Re­bel­lion, he served as an ad­viser to Lt.Gov. Sir Fran­cis Bond Head, charged with mon­i­tor­ing the ac­tiv­i­ties of his fel­low post­mas­ters. Over the course of his ca­reer, Ber­czy was the first pres­i­dent of the Con­sumers’ Gas Co. of Toronto, pres­i­dent of the Toronto Build­ing So­ci­ety as well as founder of the Toronto, Sim­coe and Lake Huron Union Rail-Road Co.

John Ge­orge Howard

1803-1890

The city’s first pro­fes­sional ar­chi­tect was also its first chief sur­veyor, map­ping out land for de­vel­op­ment, in­clud­ing the Es­planade on the city’s wa­ter­front and Toronto Har­bour. Howard’s great­est gift to the city was deed­ing 120 acres in 1873 for the cre­ation of High Park in ex­change for an an­nual pen­sion. He be­queathed the city an additional 45 acres, in­clud­ing Col­borne Lodge.

Hart Massey

1823-1896

The son of Daniel Massey, the founder of a farm-equip­ment em­pire, Hart Massey moved the com­pany to Toronto in 1855 un­der the name Massey Man­u­fac­tur­ing Co. It would later be­come the com­pany we know as Massey-Fer­gu­son. A phi­lan­thropist who con­trib­uted to causes in Toronto and else­where, Massey fi­nanced the con­struc­tion of the city’s land­mark con­cert venue, Massey Hall, com­pleted in 1894, and later set up the Massey Foun­da­tion, which built the Univer­sity of Toronto’s stu­dent cen­tre, Hart House.

Ge­orge Les­lie

1804-1893

An avid gar­dener, Les­lie founded Toronto Nurs­eries in 1845. By the 1870s, it was said to be the largest green­house en­ter­prise in Canada. In ad­di­tion to sell­ing flow­ers and shrubs, Les­lie’s trees adorned Al­lan Gar­den, the Mount Pleas­ant Ceme­tery and city streets. The com­mu­nity of Les­lieville, then lo­cated just out­side Toronto city lim­its, is named in his hon­our.

Edgar John Jarvis

1835-1907

Jarvis was 19 when he drew up plans to de­velop Rosedale, so named be­cause his un­cle, Wil­liam Bots­ford Jarvis — the sher­iff who put down the 1837 Up­per Canada Re­bel­lion led by Wil­liam Lyon Macken­zie — had a property there known as Rosedale Villa. Jarvis en­vi­sioned a sub­urb for Toronto’s wealth­i­est fam­i­lies, which it re­mains to this day. To that end, he built two bridges across the south Rosedale ravine to at­tract buy­ers. Over the course of his life, he built three homes in Rosedale, in­clud­ing Glen­hurst, which re­mains on the site of Brank­some Hall, the girls’ school.

“Per­son­ally I al­ways think of Toronto as a big fat rich girl who has lots of money but no idea of how to make her­self at­trac­tive.” ROBERTSON DAVIES THE TA­BLE TALK OF SA­MUEL MARCH­BANKS, 1949

Casimir Gzowski

1813-1898

The ex­iled Pol­ish army of­fi­cer, who in civil­ian life had been a civil en­gi­neer and busi­ness­man, played sev­eral roles in Toronto fol­low­ing his ar­rival in 1845. First, he over­saw im­prove­ments to Yonge St. up to Lake Sim­coe. In 1852, a con­sor­tium led by Gzowski built the Toronto and Guelph Rail­way. His best­known con­tri­bu­tion was in 1860 when the Toronto Turf Club, un­der his lead­er­ship, in­au­gu­rated the Queen’s Plate, to­day Canada’s old­est thor­ough­bred horse race and the old­est con­tin­u­ously run horse race in North Amer­ica.

Frank Dar­ling

1850-1923

The “dean” of Cana­dian ar­chi­tects, the Scar­bor­ough na­tive was a prac­ti­tioner of the Beaux-Arts style. He left be­hind many of the city’s best­known build­ings, in­clud­ing Con­vo­ca­tion Hall, which he co-de­signed, the for­mer Bank of Mon­treal build­ing at the north­west cor­ner of Yonge and Front Sts., now home to the Hockey Hall of Fame, and the Toronto Club on Welling­ton St. W., which houses the city’s old­est pri­vate club.

Henry Bowyer Lane

1817-1878

As a Toronto ar­chi­tect from 1841 to 1847, Lane de­signed the first pur­pose-built Toronto city hall on the south side of Front St. near Jarvis St. He also de­signed ad­di­tions to Os­goode Hall and sev­eral churches, in­clud­ing Trin­ity, St. Ge­orge the Mar­tyr and Holy Trin­ity, and the Enoch Turner School.

Sid­ney Bad­g­ley

1850-1917

The ar­chi­tect’s mark on Toronto was brief but en­dur­ing: the neo­clas­si­cal Massey Hall, which opened in 1894. Built by mil­lion­aire busi­ness­man Hart Massey — a mem­ber of one of the city’s most prom­i­nent fam­i­lies — it cost $150,390.75. The lu­mi­nar­ies who have graced its stage over the gen­er­a­tions in­clude En­rico Caruso, Win­ston Churchill, the Dalai Lama, Gor­don Light­foot and Lu­ciano Pavarotti.

Fred­eric Wil­liam (F.W.) Cum­ber­land

1820-1881

A true multi-tasker, Cum­ber­land’s first con­tri­bu­tion to the city upon his ar­rival in 1847 from Lon­don, Eng­land, was as a sur­veyor, lay­ing out the in­ter­sec­tion of Yonge and Bloor Sts. As an ar­chi­tect, he de­signed and built the Gothic Re­vival St. James Cathe­dral at King and Church Sts. from 1850 to 1853. Other Cum­ber­land projects in­clude Univer­sity Col­lege at the U of T, the cen­tre por­tion of Os­goode Hall, and Me­chan­ics’ In­sti­tute Build­ing, which later be­came the site of the first branch of the pub­lic li­brary. He was also first pres­i­dent of the On­tario Jockey Club.

E.J. (Ed­ward James) Len­nox

1854-1933

A Cab­bage­town na­tive, Len­nox at 29 won an in­ter­na­tional com­pe­ti­tion to de­sign what is now called Old City Hall at Bay and Queen Sts. It was erected be­tween 1891 to 1899. When city coun­cil­lors re­fused to erect a plaque in his hon­our in the foyer, he had his name carved on all four sides be­neath the eaves of the 300-foot bell tower. Len­nox also de­signed the King Ed­ward Ho­tel, St. Paul’s Church and Casa Loma.

NOR­MAN JAMES/TORONTO STAR FILE PHOTO

On­look­ers ad­mire a Ro­tary Club ice dance re­vue in front of old city hall, 1963.

STAR FILE PHOTO/

King St. look­ing east from Yonge St. 1912.

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