Toronto Star


Companies are angling for room inside North American airports for a new generation of sleeping spaces,


For decades, a thundersto­rm or missed connection meant you might have to sleep in the airport, leaving frustrated travellers with a truly tired dilemma: Is the boarding gate chair-curl worth a try, or is it better just to grab some floor?

Some airports are considerin­g a better way to accommodat­e unlucky passengers while making some money in the process.

At least four companies are angling for space inside terminals for a new generation of sleeping spaces — dubbed cabins, capsules and even pods. One of them, Minute Suites LLC, has retail sleep locations at airports in Atlanta, Dallas-Fort Worth and Philadelph­ia, with a Charlotte, N.C., location opening in December. Washington Dulles airport is exploring the concept as well, and aims to have a sleep amenity next year. Meanwhile, a company dubbed izZzleep opened a sleep capsule in the Mexico City airport this summer, with rates from $8 (U.S.) per hour to $34 per night.

Yotel Ltd., the London-based minihotel operator, operates YotelAir in four European airports, with a Singapore Changi project coming in early 2019. Yotel also hopes to expand into U.S. airports at some point, as does NapCity Americas, which has acquired U.S. rights to Napcabs, a German-based sleep pod company that operates at the Munich airport.

As airports are growing and expanding, a lot of them are definitely exploring passenger amenities, said Stephen Rosenfeld, a Florida entreprene­ur who formed NapCity Americas in 2014 to operate a version of the “napcabs” found sprinkled across Europe.

And they’re becoming more open to the idea. Yet “rest” as retail has been slow to migrate to airports, despite their decades-old role as host to exhausted air travellers whose plans were derailed by weather, missing flight crews or malfunctio­ns.

Scour some of the world’s key hubs — New York City, Los Angeles, Madrid, Toronto, Zurich — and you’ll find nary a bed available by the hour. The reasons vary, but revenue considerat­ions generally play a large role when it comes to space allotment at major airports. A bar, sit-down restaurant or McDonald’s will always bring in far more revenue at a busy terminal than an amenity such as a gym or napping pod — and airports generally command a cut of sales.

“One seat in an airport restaurant can generate $20,000 in revenue in a single year,” said Peter Chambers, co-founder of Sleepbox, a Bostonbase­d startup that sells a 45-squarefoot cabin for airports, offices and other locations.

The retail sleep sellers also want to be located inside security checkpoint­s to help minimize customer hassle. No one wants to deal with long lines or TSA staff more than necessary.

But there are obstacles to the blossoming of this new, personaliz­ed hotel industry. Historical­ly, airports have had a symbiotic relationsh­ip- with nearby lodging that supports crew layovers, convention business — and stranded passengers.

Airports may be reluctant to be seen as competing with this ecosystem of accommodat­ions both on the airport grounds and in surroundin­g areas, many of which have an airport shuttle as a standard feature, said Scott Humphrey, deputy director of the Bozeman Yellowston­e Internatio­nal Airport.

Most retail sleep operators would also want a longer-term lease commitment from airports to realize a proper return, said Jo Berrington, a vice-president at Yotel, where the average YotelAir stay is about seven hours, with a starting price of around $42 for four hours. She said the company’s ideal airport business size is about 60 to 150 cabins.

YotelAir, which has outposts in Amsterdam, Paris and London’s two largest airports, has had discussion­s with North American airports, but no agreements yet, Berrington said.

Minute Suites says its business is consistent, but that it uses dynamic pricing to adjust for periods of low and high demand. The company evaluates airports with an eye toward internatio­nal flights and heavy connecting traffic. Rates start at about $32 per hour; an overnight stay at the company’s two DFW Airport locations is about $140, roughly $100 less than a room at the airport’s Hyatt Regency near Terminal C.

“Our business model isn’t just based on delays and cancellati­ons,” said Christophe­r Glass, a vicepresid­ent with Minute Suites, which was formed by two ophthalmol­ogists from Iowa, including the daughter of the late television psychologi­st Dr. Joyce Brothers. “Flight crew members hop in and take a nap. Pilots love it.”

At Washington Dulles, the primary internatio­nal airport for the nation’s capital, the Metropolit­an Washing- ton Airports Authority issued a call for proposals last month for “a quiet and comfortabl­e place within the airport to sleep, relax or work while waiting to board a flight” that could be almost 1,300 sq. ft. and available 24 hours per day, year-round.

“The atmosphere should be similar to what a traveller would experience in a small hotel room or similar private area,” the airport said in its pitch to potential operators.

Of course, the idea of tight quarters for a quick nap or short overnight snooze is hardly a new one, with Japan being the pioneer in the concept of sleep capsules aimed at densely packed urban areas, clubbing locales and railway stations. In many Asian versions, the sleep pod is the hotel stripped to its basic essential — a mattress and little else — with a design paradigm taken directly from the sarcophagu­s. Most of the current designs being pitched to U.S. airports are dramatical­ly larger.

“We have a very Americaniz­ed model of what there is available overseas,” Glass said. “We as Americans love our space.”

The company is planning to double the number of locations by the end of next year, but won’t reveal its likely next venues.

Chambers says U.S. airports are rapidly shifting their focus from increasing “dwell time,” or the interval travellers choose to spend in an airport shopping or drinking, to “enhancing” that time. The right mix of amenities, including a clean, quiet, secluded place to rest, is likely to make travellers choose one airport over another when they connect.

“I think that’s why we’re seeing a lot of major airports finding space for all these units,” he said.

It was unclear whether such pods would be restricted to one person at a time, though YotelAir models can accommodat­e families.

These pods have television­s, Wi-Fi, cellphone chargers and plugs. Minute Suites sells almost150 items to go with your nap, such as toothbrush­es — but many do not.

“I don’t claim to be a hotel, I don’t want to be a hotel,” said Rosenfeld, who is working to sign NapCity’s first lease. “We’re here to help the public.”

“I don’t claim to be a hotel, I don’t want to be a hotel . . . We’re here to help the public.” STEPHEN ROSENFELD NAPCITY AMERICAS FOUNDER

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 ?? STEPHAN GOERLICH/MUNICH AIRPORT ?? Sleep cabins, like the ones at Munich Airport, have hourly or nightly costs and let travellers relax between flights.
STEPHAN GOERLICH/MUNICH AIRPORT Sleep cabins, like the ones at Munich Airport, have hourly or nightly costs and let travellers relax between flights.

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