All About the Canada Goose
— Hilson Avenue Public School, Ottawa — Grade 6
You’ve probably seen or at least heard of the Canada Goose before. These herbivores (animals that eat only plants) are found in all the provinces and territories of Canada and across the United States.
Canada Geese are incredible migrators. They can cover over 1,500 kilometres with preferable wind conditions in just 24 hours! So it’s really important for them to stick together and not get left behind.
Chances are, you’ve noticed that Canada Geese always migrate in a “V” formation. This isn’t just random — it’s aerodynamic and strategic. The geese take turns flying in front and creating less wind resistance for the birds flying behind, which saves them energy. When the goose in front gets tired, it fall sto the back of the line, and the next goose comes forward.
Another benefit of flying in a “V” is to communicate and coordinate well, and to keep track of each other when they’re flying. Mother Nature has really got them covered!
During migration, mating partners remain together (and actually stay together for their whole lives). During mating season, they build a nest out of dry plants, and the female chooses the spot, usually on high ground, where there is a good view in all directions, in case of predators.
The two parents split the responsibility of raising the goslings during the nesting season. The female lays the eggs and the male shares the task of keeping them warm. He will also protect the goslings from predators once they hatch.