Hin­ter­land Who’s Who

At­lantic Cod

Wild - - CONTENTS - Text by An­nie Lan­glois Il­lus­tra­tion by Ash­ley Bar­ron

Sci­en­tific Name Gadus morhua Habi­tat

At­lantic Cod are found through­out the north­ern At­lantic Ocean. Some pop­u­la­tions are mi­gra­tory, for ex­am­ple, they’ll move from po­lar wa­ters in the Arc­tic dur­ing the sum­mer and fall, to deeper wa­ters in the south for the win­ter and spring. As lar­vae, be­fore they grow into adults, they live in the open wa­ter. As they be­come older, they tend to move to­wards the bot­tom of the ocean, to depths down to 600 me­tres!

Size

The At­lantic Cod is a medium to large salt­wa­ter fish, nor­mally be­tween two and three kilo­grams in weight and about 65 to 100 cen­time­tres in length. The largest cod on record weighed about 100 kilo­grams and was more than 180 cm long!

Feed­ing

At­lantic Cod are om­niv­o­rous, feed­ing at dawn or dusk on a wide va­ri­ety of prey like fish, crus­taceans (like crabs, lob­sters and shrimp) and other in­ver­te­brates. In fact, a cod will eat al­most any­thing, in­clud­ing stones, so that it can digest the crit­ters grow­ing on them!

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