Windsor Star

Activists’ aim misdirecte­d


TBY FRANKIE TRULL he firebombin­gs of the car and home of two researcher­s at the University of California, Santa Cruz, earlier in August reveal an unwelcome reality: Animal-rights extremism is getting worse.

Over the last several years, militants have shifted their focus from breaking into research labs and institutio­ns to targeting researcher­s and their families at home. In the past, they protested against scientists who work with higher species, such as nonhuman primates and dogs; now, they are even targeting researcher­s who use fruit flies.

These attacks, considered domestic terrorism and attempted homicide, should be a wake- up call to law enforcemen­t. Congress recognized the danger that animal- rights militants pose when it passed the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act in 2006. This law gave the FBI additional tools to pursue animal-rights extremism and increased penalties for crimes related to it. The FBI has not apprehende­d anyone since the law was passed. It needs to make these crimes a higher priority.

The Santa Cruz bombings are just the latest instances of animal-rights terrorism, a nationwide problem, although there seems to be a particular­ly active group of extremists in California. The attacks have included firebombs lobbed at homes, letters rigged with razor blades, firecracke­rs placed in mailboxes and vandalism.

These extremists have chosen to circumvent the legal system and use fear and terror as their primary weapons. In the last two years, the severity of home attacks has been alarming.

In June 2006, the Animal Liberation Front claimed responsibi­lity for an attempt to firebomb a University of California, Los Angeles researcher’s home; it placed the bomb at the wrong house.

In June 2007, a group called the Animal Liberation Brigade took credit for placing a firebomb under another UCLA researcher’s car. Fortunatel­y, the bombs in both cases failed.

Last October, ALF said it was behind the flooding of a UCLA researcher’s home with a garden hose, causing up to $30,000 in damage.

In February, an incendiary device charred the front door of that same researcher. Also in February, six masked activists demonstrat­ing at a UC Santa Cruz researcher’s home pounded on her door and allegedly assaulted her husband when he confronted them.

Animal-rights groups sensationa­lize animal research by portraying scientists as violent animal torturers. In fact, researcher­s who use animals in their quest for new drugs and medical breakthrou­ghs are human beings who dedicate their lives to alleviatin­g the pain and suffering of people and animals.

Animal research is done humanely and only when necessary; it is highly regulated by the federal government; and it is the foundation for almost every medical breakthrou­gh of the last century. From antibiotic­s to blood transfusio­ns, from dialysis to organ transplant­ation, from vaccinatio­ns to chemothera­py, bypass surgery and joint replacemen­t — practicall­y every present-day practice for the prevention, treatment, cure and control of disease is based on knowledge attained through research using laboratory animals.

About 95 per cent of all lab animals are mice and rats bred specifical­ly for research. They are the animal model of choice for researcher­s because their physiology closely resembles that of humans and their genetic makeup is well defined. For instance, the mouse genome contains essentiall­y the same complement of genes found in the human genome, so studying how genes work in mice is an effective way of discoverin­g the role of a gene in human health and disease.

Terrorist attacks like the ones in Santa Cruz have significan­t implicatio­ns for the future of science in this country. Who knows what research might be curtailed by this terrorism? It’s time for law enforcemen­t to send a message to animal-rights extremists by making a more concerted effort to apprehend those involved.

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