Accumulation Process and Control Factors of Jurassic-cretaceous Distant-source and Secondary-filled Reservoirs in the Hinterland of Junggar Basin

MA Weijiao1,2, WEI Yanzhao2,†, LI Xia3, TAO Shizhen2, LI Yongguang3, ZHAO Zhengya3

ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis - - CONTENTS - MA Weijiao, WEI Yanzhao, LI Xia, et al

Abstract Homogenization temperature of fluid inclusions, stratigraphic burial-thermal history, paeleostructure of accumulation period, known reservoirs and geochemical index are analyzed. Hydrocarbon accumulation periods, hydrocarbon transport system, trap-forming conditions of the Jurassic-cretaceous in the hinterland of Junggar Basin are discussed. Thus, the dynamic accumulation process of the distant sourced, secondary-accumulated reservoirs is revealed. Results show that there are two periods of oil and gas charging in the Jurassic and cretaceous reservoirs in the hinterland of Junggar Basin, which are primary reservoirs formed in the early Cretaceous and secondary-filled reservoirs formed in the late paleogene till now. Both the primary reservoirs and sencondary accumulated reservoirs are widely spread in the hinterland area. Faults-sand bodies-unconformities act as three dimensional transporting systems for hydrocarbon migration and accumulation. The formation of primary reservoirs is controlled by paleostructure of accumulation period. During the later dissolution of paleostructure, primary reservoirs are destroyed and oil and gas migrate towards the north. Reservoirs types are decided by trap conditions on the migration pathways. At present, low-amplitude anticline, fault block and litho-stratigraphic reservoirs are the most discovered. Key words hinterland of Junggar Basin; distant-sourced and secondary accumulated reservoirs; accumulation period; accumulation process; control factors

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