Analysis of Water Resources and Energy Security in Shenzhen Based on Factor Analysis Method

CAO Ye1, ZOU Zhendong1, CHEN Wenlei2, ZHUO Jinxin1, QIU Guoyu1,†

ACTA Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis - - CONTENTS - CAO Ye, ZOU Zhendong, CHEN Wenlei, et al

1. Shenzhen Engineering Laboratory for Water Desalination with Renewable Energy, School of Environment and Energy, Peking University Shenzhen Gradate School, Shenzhen 518055; 2. School of Finance, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073; † Corresponding author, E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract The factor analysis of water resources and energy security in Shenzhen in 1996–2015 was carried out. Economic and average factor (f1), population and elasticity factor (f2) are two main factors. f1 shows the threat of supporting the city’s normal operation to water resources and energy security, with a weight of 68%. f2 shows the uncertainty brought about by the increments of economic and population to water energy system safety, with a weight of 32%. The composite score shows that the total water energy system safety in Shenzhen tends to decline. This conclusion accords with the actual situation of water energy system in Shenzhen municipality. It shows that the evaluation model is effective for the analysis of water energy security situation in Shenzhen, and can provide reference for the decision-making of Shenzhen municipality. Key words Shenzhen municipality; water and energy; factor analysis; regional security

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