Beau­ti­ful Land­scapes

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by He Xie, Niu Huizi, Wang Hui­hui Edited by Justin Davis

Bei­jing of­fers a plethora of parks, wet­lands, forests, bod­ies of wa­ter, moun­tains, hills and other out­door ar­eas. They look es­pe­cially vi­brant in the fall as the leaves of the trees change and the weather cools down. These ar­eas are great venues for a quick stroll, a long hike or a week­end get­away. Some high­lights are ex­am­ined in this over­view.

Cul­tural Her­itage, Mag­nif­i­cent Land­marks

The Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian has an ir­re­place­able po­si­tion on the UN­ESCO List of World Her­itage Sites. The area has wit­nessed the foot­prints of early hu­man be­ings and the ear­li­est glim­mer of civil­i­sa­tion. The in­tact Pek­ing Man skull that was found in the area rep­re­sents an im­por­tant part of the process of hu­man evo­lu­tion. The Great Wall guarded the cap­i­tal and the em­per­ors' im­pe­rial mau­soleums for many cen­turies. Its tow­er­ing body, de­pict­ing the vi­cis­si­tudes of life, is even more strik­ing against yel­low­ish red leaves. The Grand Canal, which has ex­pe­ri­enced more than a thou­sand years of his­tory and changes, is rush­ing pas­sion­ately with a tone unique to Chi­nese peo­ple... These World Her­itage Sites are mag­nif­i­cent land­marks in Bei­jing.

Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian Search­ing for a Glim­mer in the Dis­tant Past

Stand­ing on high ground over­look­ing Zhouk­oudian Vil­lage in Fang­shan Dis­trict 48 kilo­me­tres (km) south­west of Bei­jing, one can see the west­bound stretch of the Tai­hang Moun­tains link­ing up an ex­panse of the fer­tile North China Plain, with the tur­bu­lent Zhoukou River rush­ing across it. As early as 600,000 years ago, an­cient hu­mans and an­cient an­i­mals lived in this area. Cross­ing the tor­rent of time, they ap­peared out of the blue and res­o­lutely car­ried some of the his­tory of hu­man civil­i­sa­tion with them. They are part of the mir­a­cle of Bei­jing.

In 1926, Otto Zdan­sky, the young Aus­trian pa­le­on­tol­o­gist, dis­cov­ered two hu­man teeth in the col­lec­tion of fos­sils that were dis­cov­ered at Zhouk­oudian. For the first time ever, mod­ern hu­mans had knocked at the door of their an­ces­tors. Pieces of good news con­tin­ued to come in one af­ter an­other. In Oc­to­ber 1927, Cana­dian bi­ol­o­gist David­son Black, who was lead­ing the ar­chae­o­log­i­cal ac­tiv­i­ties around Zhouk­oudian, an­nounced that he had dis­cov­ered a hu­man tooth fos­sil on Longgu Moun­tain. Af­ter com­plet­ing some ex­am­i­na­tions, Black pro­posed a new species of an­cient hu­mans—the Bei­jing species of ape-man. This clas­si­fi­ca­tion later com­monly be­came known as Pek­ing Man. He de­duced that Pek­ing Man lived about 500,000 years ago. This news shocked the sci­en­tific com­mu­nity at that time.

In 1929, Pei Wen­zhong dis­cov­ered a skull of Pek­ing Man. He had just grad­u­ated with a ge­ol­ogy de­gree from Pek­ing Uni­ver­sity two years ear­lier. Later, Jia Lanpo, who later be­came a lead­ing Chi­nese pa­le­oan­thro­pol­o­gist, suc­ces­sively dis­cov­ered three Pek­ing Man skulls be­gin­ning on Novem­ber 15th, 1936 and con­tin­u­ing over the next 11 days.

The Ape Man Cave where these an­cient hu­man re­mains were dis­cov­ered is known as the First Site at Zhouk­oudian. Since 1927, the aca­demic com­mu­nity has been con­duct­ing re­search based on the hu­man skulls, bro­ken skulls and a large num­ber of fos­sil bones ex­ca­vated at the First Site at Zhouk­oudian, re­veal­ing more in­for­ma­tion about our hu­man an­ces­tors. These fos­sils come from more than forty dif­fer­ent men, women and chil­dren and rep­re­sent a quite com­plete group of an­cient hu­mans. They con­firmed the ex­is­tence of an in­ter­me­di­ate stage dur­ing the evo­lu­tion of the ape man, pro­vid­ing more de­tails and a more con­vinc­ing ar­gu­ment for the con­cept of evo­lu­tion.

The Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian is hailed as a trea­sure trove of spec­i­mens from an­cient civil­i­sa­tions. Over 90 years of ex­ca­va­tions have elu­ci­dated mys­ter­ies about hu­man ori­gins that were once un­known. Each of these dis­cov­er­ies has caused ma­jor changes in our un­der­stand­ing of hu­man evo­lu­tion. Fos­sils, re­mains and other relics of Pek­ing Man and the Up­per Cave Man have shed light on

a pre­vi­ously un­known stage of mankind. The Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian was added to the UN­ESCO World Cul­tural Her­itage List in 1987. “Sci­en­tists have dis­cov­ered the re­mains of Pek­ing Man, who lived in the Mid­dle Pleis­tocene era. A va­ri­ety of daily ne­ces­si­ties were also dis­cov­ered, as well as the re­mains of newer hu­mans from be­tween 18,000 to 11,000 BC. The Zhouk­oudian site pro­vides ev­i­dence about hu­man civil­i­sa­tion on the Asian con­ti­nent in an­cient times and clar­i­fies the process of hu­man evo­lu­tion.”

Chi­nese pa­le­oan­thro­pol­o­gist Jia Lanpo had a vi­sion for the area and stated: “If con­di­tions al­low, we should sim­u­late scenes from 500,000 years ago in the vicin­ity of the Pek­ing Man site. We should plant trees and grasses that were com­mon then and cre­ate fig­ures of Pek­ing Men mak­ing stone tools, hunt­ing, col­lect­ing fruit and us­ing fire so that visi­tors can feel that they have gone 500,000 years back in time when they en­ter the Pek­ing Man site.”

Peo­ple look for­ward to see­ing the re­sults of Jia's idea. The Zhouk­oudian Ru­ins Park now ex­ists. It is a world-renowned sci­en­tific sanc­tu­ary. In the mid­dle of lush green­ery, sculp­tures of an­cient an­i­mals stand erect and the heart-stir­ring ex­ca­va­tion sites are clearly iden­ti­fied. Peo­ple may won­der about the an­i­mals hid­ing in the for­est in the au­tumn in the dis­tance past. Per­haps some were hun­gry if they did not catch a deer or other an­i­mal that day. These kinds of ideas oc­cupy one's mind when walk­ing through the area.

In April 1992, it was an­nounced by the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Peo­ple's Gov­ern­ment that the Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian would also be a youth ed­u­ca­tion cen­tre. In June of the same year, it was rated the No. 1 tourist at­trac­tion in Bei­jing. In 1997, it was listed by the Pub­lic­ity Depart­ment of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) as one of the 100 na­tional pa­tri­otic ed­u­ca­tion demon­stra­tion bases. In 2014, the new Zhouk­oudian Relics Mu­seum opened its doors to visi­tors. The ex­hi­bi­tion area of the new mu­seum was now nearly seven times big­ger than be­fore and in­te­grated ex­hi­bi­tions, sci­en­tific re­search and pop­u­lar science ed­u­ca­tion func­tions. There are more than 1,600 items on dis­play. A batch of dust-laden trea­sures that had been sealed for over half a cen­tury are now be­ing show­cased for the first time.

A ex­plo­ration of the mu­seum af­ter strolling through the relics park pro­vides fas­ci­nat­ing de­tails about the evo­lu­tion­ary path that hu­mans have taken.

The Great Wall

The Im­pos­ing Moun­tain Peak Dom­i­nates

Bei­jing en­joys a spe­cial his­tor­i­cal sta­tus. The Great Wall spread to the Wul­ing Moun­tain, Ling­shan Moun­tain and Yan­shan Moun­tain Range to the east, west and north of Bei­jing City, re­spec­tively, to safe­guard the en­vi­rons of the cap­i­tal city. The Badal­ing, Mu­tianyu, Si­matai, Jiankou, Huanghuach­eng, and Juy­ong­guan Great Wall sec­tions and mag­nif­i­cent and some­times very steep gar­risons stead­fastly watch over Bei­jing's sub­urbs among the high moun­tains and lofty hills. The wall is still very ma­jes­tic, de­spite the fact that times have changed. The tremen­dous courage and wis­dom of the Chi­nese na­tion are ap­par­ent when stand­ing atop the ma­jes­tic wall wind­ing through lofty moun­tain ranges.

The Great Wall at­tracts tens of thou­sands of tourists from China and other coun­tries ev­ery au­tumn.

Bei­jing's Fra­grant Hills are a good place to see red au­tum­nal leaves. There are some other op­tions also. The im­pos­ing Badal­ing Great Wall is also a great area. Con­struc­tion of this sec­tion be­gan dur­ing the War­ring States Pe­riod (475–221 BC) and thus is quite old. Ad­di­tions and ren­o­va­tions be­gan in the 18th year of the reign of Hongzhi Reign dur­ing the Ming Dy­nasty (1505) and would con­tinue for over 80 years. The fa­mous anti-ja­panese gen­eral Qi Jiguang (1528–1588, mil­i­tary gen­eral of the Ming Dy­nasty) was dis­patched to the north to di­rect mat­ters of de­fence re­lated to the Great Wall. The Badal­ing Great Wall ex­tends more than 1,300 li (a Chi­nese unit of dis­tance equal to about 0.5 km) and is the best-pre­served sec­tion of the Ming Great Wall. It was the first sec­tion of the wall to be opened to tourists, and it is as high as 1,015 me­tres (m) in some places. Badal­ing Na­tional For­est Park's Red Leaf Hill is nearly 67 hectares and fea­tures more than 50,000 smoke­trees. The end of Septem­ber to early Novem­ber is the best time to see them. The an­cient Great Wall winds through the moun­tains like a black dragon with grace­ful red leaves nes­tled against it like scales, form­ing quite a spec­tac­u­lar scene full of vigour and vi­tal­ity.

Badal­ing Na­tional For­est Park has a lot of nat­u­ral ad­van­tages. The smoke­trees in the area grow very well as a re­sult of the com­par­a­tively lower tem­per­a­tures in the area. The moun­tain­ous area north­west of Bei­jing is three to five de­grees Cel­sius

cooler than ur­ban Bei­jing. Au­tumn starts ear­lier here, and the leaves in the area are par­tic­u­larly bright and charm­ing.

In ad­di­tion to climb­ing the Great Wall, one can also visit the Chi­nese Cul­tural Celebrity Sculp­ture Me­mo­rial Park, which sits qui­etly and solemnly on the south­west side of the Badal­ing Shuiguan Great Wall. There are nine sculp­tures of im­por­tant cul­tural fig­ures in­clud­ing Bing Xin, Mao Dun, Ye Sheng Tao, Xia Yan, Tian Han, Xu Bei­hong, Guo Moruo, Cao Yu and Wu Wen­zao, who have left valu­able cul­tural her­itage for fu­ture gen­er­a­tions. At­trac­tions such as the Wu­lang Statue, Stone Bud­dha Tem­ple stat­ues, a Gold­fish Pond, Cross­road Beam, Qi Jiguang Gar­den, Yuan Chonghuan Gar­den, Great Wall Ste­les Gar­den and the An­cient City of Chadao can also be found in the park, form­ing a pop­u­lar, cul­tural tour route. The Great Wall, the Great Wall Mu­seum and the Great Wall Na­tional The­ater, sup­ported by three free scenic gar­dens and com­ple­mented by the Great Wall Rem­nants and An­cient City of Chadao scenic ar­eas make the Badal­ing Great Wall an in de­mand area and con­trib­ute to its great rep­u­ta­tion.

The Mu­tianyu Great Wall sec­tion is an­other high­light of the Great Wall. It is a par­adise for tourists, although steep and a lit­tle pe­cu­liar. When hik­ing through the area and ex­plor­ing passes built on pre­cip­i­tous cliffs one may even­tu­ally make it to Bull's Horn Ridge. It has an al­ti­tude of over 1,000 m. The Ar­row Nock (Jiankuo) and Ea­gle Fly­ing Belly Up Great Wall sec­tions are nearby. Bull's Horn Ridge stretches from val­ley ar­eas all the way to the tops of the moun­tains. A watch­tower is lo­cated at the high­est point in the area. The ridge then sud­denly drops back to the moun­tain­side and abruptly rises again un­til it reaches a point more than 940 m above sea level. The ridge is shaped like a bull's horn, and was named ac­cord­ingly. It is force­ful and vig­or­ous. The Mu­tianyu Great Wall sec­tion is known for its steep­ness.

The No. 14 and No. 15 bea­con tow­ers are great places to ob­serve scenic ar­eas around Mu­tianyu. There is a broad view of the Great Wall un­fold­ing from the south­east to the north­west. The south­east­ward sec­tion is rel­a­tively flat and beau­ti­ful, while the part go­ing north­west is steep and abrupt. For­eign lead­ers who visit the Great Wall tend to like to go to this sec­tion. To­day, the sec­tion of Huairou Dis­trict that the Mu­tianyu Great Wall is lo­cated in is very green. Out­side the city, range upon range of moun­tains are cov­ered with dense veg­e­ta­tion. It looks best in au­tumn when abun­dant fruit and colour­ful leaves can be seen.

About 60 per­cent of the leaves out­side the Great Wall are no longer ver­dant as Oc­to­ber ap­proaches, ush­er­ing in the best view­ing pe­riod. The bright red, plum­coloured and golden leaves cover the moun­tains and ac­com­pany the Great Wall wind­ing up moun­tain peaks, form­ing a scene of golden au­tumn.

The Grand Canal Con­nect­ing An­cient and Mod­ern Times

The Grand Canal has sup­ported peo­ple's liveli­hoods for thou­sands of years through­out Chi­nese his­tory. It is in­spir­ing and en­light­ens the mind. Wher­ever the wa­ter flows, it would yield a touch of Chi­nese-style mag­nif­i­cence. An­ti­quated and weath­ered ships, the last­ing ap­peal of the old canal and an­cient wharfs that are now quiet... His­tory and the real­ity of the present com­ple­ment each other, while ro­mance and clas­si­cism are sideby-side. The Grand Canal of China is like an end­less song.

There are ef­forts to pro­tect var­i­ous tan­gi­ble and in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage re­lated to the de­vel­op­ment, his­tory and area of the Grand Canal. Peo­ple are also do­ing ev­ery­thing in their power to pre­serve the semi-nat­u­ral ecosys­tem of rivers, lakes, wet­lands and cities to safe­guard the his­tor­i­cal land­scape of the Grand Canal. A Grand Canal Cul­tural Scenic Area is tak­ing

shape and adding new vi­tal­ity to the area.

Walk­ing to to­day's Jishui­tan Pond and climb­ing up the hill on the north bank of the West Sea, one will find the Me­mo­rial Hall of Guo Shou­jing. It is open to pedes­tri­ans. Jishui­tan Pond was formed by the an­cient Yongding River course. It turned into a pond af­ter ground­wa­ter be­gan to fill it. In 1292, af­ter the Great Cap­i­tal of the Yuan Dy­nasty was ex­panded, wa­ter sources be­came in­suf­fi­cient, so Guo Shou­jing (1231–1316, a Chi­nese as­tronomer) launched a wa­ter di­ver­sion project and cre­ated the Tonghui River. Jishui­tan Pond be­gan to over­flow with a vast ex­panse of wa­ter. Boats from Tongzhou could fi­nally reach the cen­tre of the city, re­sult­ing in an in­creas­ing boom in grain trans­porta­tion. To­day, a statue of Guo Shou­jing stands silent at the foot of the hill on the north bank of the West Sea. Guo con­nected Jishui­tan Pond's destiny with that of the Grand Canal and formed a deep bond with the land in the area.

The Yuhe Site Mu­seum on Ping'an Av­enue has been open since the sum­mer of 2012 in Bei­jing. The mu­seum pre­serves the ru­ins of the East Buya Bridge and part of the An­cient Yuhe Path. The ex­hi­bi­tion hall cov­ers 600 square me­tres (sq.m). It show­cases the changes and ar­chae­o­log­i­cal achieve­ments of the Yuhe River and its his­tory and cul­ture. A spec­tac­u­lar view of wa­ter run­ning through streets and al­leys along the Yuhe River is cre­ated with high­tech light­ing meth­ods.

The fa­mous Tonghui River be­came a moat for the im­pe­rial city dur­ing the Ming and Qing dy­nas­ties and was de­prived of its trans­porta­tion func­tion. It was with­drawn from the cap­i­tal city canal sys­tem dur­ing the late Qing Dy­nasty pe­riod. Af­ter the Ming Dy­nasty, the body of wa­ter was re­named the Im­pe­rial River and was com­monly known as the Yuhe River. Af­ter the es­tab­lish­ment of the Re­pub­lic of China, the Yuhe River was con­verted into an un­der­ground river. In 1998, a dike fea­tur­ing an­cient bricks was found near the north en­trance of East Jix­i­ang Hu­tong dur­ing the con­struc­tion of Ping'an Av­enue. Cul­tural relics ex­perts dis­cov­ered proof of the ex­is­tence of the Yuhe River. The Yuhe River be­longs to the Back­door Bridge river sys­tem. It was typ­i­cal of the Yuan Dy­nasty, in­te­grates into the Nan­lu­ogux­i­ang con­ser­va­tion area and adds charm to the an­cient cap­i­tal of Bei­jing. Af­ter a se­ries of projects in­volv­ing in­flow of wa­ter to the river­way and East Buya Bridge re­pair, pros­per­ity reap­peared on both sides of the Tonghui River. The his­tor­i­cal river sys­tem has been re­stored, and the blood of Bei­jing flows un­blocked again.

There is new life on the banks of the Grand Canal. Fol­low­ing the suc­cess­ful ap­pli­ca­tion for World Her­itage Site sta­tus for the canal, Bei­jing's Tongzhou Dis­trict has cre­ated four scenic ar­eas in its old town. These are the South Street his­tor­i­cal area, the Burn­ing Light­house his­tor­i­cal canal cul­ture area, the busi­ness cul­ture area cov­er­ing the un­in­cor­po­rated bank of Bao­tong, a folk cul­ture area around Jing'an Tem­ple and an im­pe­rial cul­ture area around the Luhe River Post. These scenic ar­eas are de­signed to pre­serve the cul­ture of the Grand Canal.

The Burn­ing Light­house and the Tongzhou Con­fu­cian Tem­ple are two im­por­tant build­ings in the area. The Tongzhou Con­fu­cian Tem­ple is the old­est Con­fu­cian tem­ple in Bei­jing. It was built in the se­cond year of the Dade Reign of the Yuan Dy­nasty (1298). The tem­ple was dis­man­tled in the 1960s and 1970s, leav­ing be­hind only five rooms from Dacheng Hall, two rem­nant ste­les and three pieces of the golden wa­ter bridge, which were buried un­der­ground. In 2004, the orig­i­nal 11 build­ings were re­stored. There is also a plan to re­build the East and West Roads of the Con­fu­cian Tem­ple in their orig­i­nal lo­ca­tions. The Ed­u­ca­tion Bu­reau, Dis­ci­pline Bu­reau, and the God of Cul­ture Tem­ple will be re­stored on the West Road. Chong­sheng Hall, Shen­grong Hall and Zun­jing Pavil­ion will be re­stored on the East Road. The Tongzhou Con­fu­cian Tem­ple cov­ers an area of 70,000 sq.m. It will be com­pletely re­stored in the near fu­ture, re­pro­duc­ing the grand spec­ta­cle of the Grand Canal in the olden days.

The Grand Canal records his­tory, passes on tra­di­tions from the past, and in­spires pro­duc­tion and labour, leav­ing be­hind fes­ti­vals and folk events, such as the Silk­worm Fes­ti­val, Net Boat Fes­ti­val and Grain Trans­port Launch Fes­ti­val. The lat­ter is on the first day of the third lu­nar month and is unique to Tongzhou. This fes­ti­val com­mem­o­rates the day when the first of­fi­cial batch of grain ar­rived in Tongzhou via the canal. Dur­ing the Ming Dy­nasty, there were more than 12,000 boats car­ry­ing grain on the canal ev­ery year. They were di­vided into 10 groups. More than 120,000 sol­diers from 124 gar­risons watched over them. Dis­tance de­ter­mined the sched­ule of the var­i­ous groups. The boats pulled in and out of the wharf in an orderly man­ner. On the first day of the third lu­nar month, the first group of boats car­ry­ing grain would ar­rive in Tongzhou. The in­au­gu­ral cer­e­mony was bustling and fea­tured “tens of thou­sands of fire­crack­ers,” dozens of flower mar­kets and shops along the way of­fer­ing a wide va­ri­ety of items like tea and fruit. Mer­chant ships threw sil­ver and made dona­tions to peo­ple who needed them. It

was as lively as a Spring Fes­ti­val tem­ple fair in Bei­jing. The canal sys­tem con­tin­ued un­til 1901, near the end of the Qing Dy­nasty when the north canal area dis­con­tin­ued grain trans­port. Nowa­days, boat groups do not have to rush to de­part and re­turn ac­cord­ing to the sched­ule. This kind of ac­tiv­ity has be­come a cul­tural foot­note for the Grand Canal.

The Grand Canal stretches for thou­sands of kilo­me­tres and con­nects the an­cient cap­i­tal of Bei­jing with af­flu­ent re­gions south of the Yangtze River. Bei­jing has formed an en­vi­ron­ment fea­tur­ing in­clu­sive­ness, grand­ness, ac­ces­si­bil­ity and co­he­sive­ness. It was in­flu­enced by the canal. The canal is no longer im­por­tant for trans­porta­tion. It is a his­tor­i­cal cor­ri­dor of Bei­jing. It plays a sig­nif­i­cant role as a cul­tural artery and is cher­ished and ad­mired by cur­rent gen­er­a­tions. The canal's banks are a great place to take a stroll and have an au­tum­nal out­ing.

For­est Parks, Lungs of the City

There are many for­est parks in Bei­jing, such as Xis­han Na­tional For­est Park, Shang­fang­shan Na­tional For­est Park, Mang­shan Na­tional For­est Park, Xiao­long­shan Na­tional For­est Park, Yun­meng­shan Na­tional For­est Park, Olympic For­est Park, North Palace Na­tional For­est Park, Chao­lai For­est Park, Ji­ufeng Na­tional For­est Park, Cen­tury For­est Park, Grand Canal For­est Park and Song­shan Na­tional For­est Park and more.

The parks are worth vis­it­ing in the au­tumn or re­vis­it­ing if one has al­ready been there. Hik­ing, en­joy­ing moun­tain views, feel­ing a cool breeze, ap­pre­ci­at­ing the leaves, lis­ten­ing to the singing of birds and smelling the fra­grance of flow­ers are some of the en­joy­able things to do in these ar­eas.

Grand Canal For­est Park Di­verse At­trac­tions

The Tongzhou Grand Canal For­est Park is lo­cated on both sides of the North Canal of Tongzhou New City. It is the only canal for­est in Bei­jing. The canal is wide in area, and the land­scape on both sides is pic­turesque. It com­bines mod­ern style with coun­try aes­thet­ics. The area fea­tures “one river, two banks, six scenic ar­eas that are ac­ces­si­ble from both sides of the canal and eigh­teen more scenic spots.” Luhe Peach and Wil­low Area, Moon Is­land and its Singing Birds, the Au­tumn Sil­ver Maple Area, the Vi­tal For­est, Mir­ror Lake Boat­ing Area, and the For­est Pavil­ion Area are the six scenic ar­eas.

When walk­ing and en­joy­ing the breeze, one will even­tu­ally en­counter the Moon Is­land ( Yuedao) Weny­ing Scenic Area. Yuedao is raised ter­rain that was formed dur­ing the re­me­di­a­tion of the North Canal. It is sur­rounded by wa­ter and looks like a cres­cent, which led to its name. A large wet­land sur­rounds the is­land. In the early sum­mer, the green reeds sway­ing in the wind are very beau­ti­ful.

It is as if they are wav­ing to the tourists. Tourists can walk through the reeds on the wooden board­walk­that tra­verses the wet­land. Kids play hide and seek in the area. In the au­tumn, the reeds are taller than peo­ple and are very spec­tac­u­lar. There are colour­ful bloom­ing flow­ers in the Luhe Taoliu Scenic Area in the spring. The scenic area be­comes a pick­ing gar­den in the sum­mer and au­tumn, and the joy of pick­ing fruit can be ex­pe­ri­enced. The Conglin Huoli Scenic Area cov­ers an area of about 53 ha. Al­most 80 per­cent of the scenic area is cur­rently woods and or­chards. Roads, squares and an amuse­ment park have been added to the area. Dozens of large rides such as roller­coast­ers, boats and bumper cars are avail­able and there are many va­ri­eties of fruit in the or­chards. The Yin­feng Qiushi Scenic Area cov­ers an area of more than 670 ha. It re­pro­duces the joy­ful scene of abun­dant food and au­tumn har­vest on both banks of the canal. The wharf pro­vides the back­ground, and grain stor­age is the theme. Green­houses that look like his­tor­i­cal gra­naries sit near the wharf. They are used to grow plants year­round, de­pict wa­ter trans­porta­tion cul­ture and the lives of peo­ple at the time, and show­case the area's ur­ban agri­cul­tural tourism in­dus­try. The Mir­ror Lake Boat­ing Area is more than 300 m wide. The wa­ter's sur­face is very flat and beau­ti­ful. Peo­ple can take a boat and re­lax.

The 18 scenic spots are the Peach and Wil­low Area along the River Bank, Yuqiao Spring Charm, Chat­ting at Tea Shed, An­cient Ferry, Flower Shower, Moon Is­land Land, Wet­land Croak, House­hold at the Hill­side, Au­tumn Sil­ver Maple, Maple For­est with Tea Fra­grance, Green­house Stor­age, Wind through Reed Marshes, Singing in the Jun­gle, Nat­u­ral Dou­ble Bro­cade, Mir­ror Lake Boat­ing Area, Smoke­tree For­est, Pur­plish Red Date For­est, and Dis­tant Pavil­ion. These scenic spots are cool in the au­tumn. Many flow­ers are in full bloom in many dif­fer­ent shapes.

There are many good views when walk­ing on the bank of the Grand Canal. The wa­ter in the park is very clear, fish jump above the wa­ter from time to time; peo­ple are of­ten sketch­ing on the shore; tick­ets are avail­able for boat rides, and dculp­tures on the shore de­pict some of the his­tory of the Grand Canal.

The Painted Porce­lain from the Bei­jing Sec­tion of the Grand Canal Mu­seum lies to the south of the west gate of Tongzhou Grand Canal For­est Park. It is more than 8,000 sq.m. There are three porce­lain kilns in the mu­seum, as well as many painted porce­lain plates, ce­ramic paint­ings, works of pot­tery, cal­lig­ra­phy, var­i­ous Chi­nese paint­ings and more. The Tongzhou Grand Canal Han­lin Folk Mu­seum is also in the area. It was founded by Gu Jian­hua, a pri­vate en­tre­pre­neur in Tongzhou and cov­ers about 10,000 sq.m. It fea­tures tens of thou­sands of cul­tural relics from the Grand Canal, Ming and Qing fur­ni­ture, farm­ing tools, cul­tural works of art and cal­lig­ra­phy paint­ings based on na­tional folk­lore and other themes. It is the only cul­tural venue for the com­pre­hen­sive dis­play, re­search, pro­tec­tion, de­vel­op­ment and util­i­sa­tion of Grand Canal folk cul­ture in Bei­jing.

Breath­tak­ing scenery and fas­ci­nat­ing art re­flect the cul­ture of the Grand Canal.

Olympic For­est Park Com­bin­ing Abun­dant Land­scapes

The Olympic For­est Park is the largest pub­lic park in Bei­jing that in­te­grates mul­ti­ple func­tions such as tourism, recre­ation, sports and fit­ness, and so on. In the late au­tumn, the moun­tains in the area are full of red, yel­low, orange and pur­ple, burst­ing forth like splat­tered paint. The au­tumn charm and scenery are pic­turesque and re­fresh­ing. Peo­ple con­tin­u­ously come to en­joy the area.

The park fea­tures many small scenic ar­eas. There is a man-made wet­land in the gar­den that is very pop­u­lar with tourists. It fea­tures reeds, cat­tails, sedges, cala­mus and canna. There is a 500-m glass walk­way lead­ing to an un­der­wa­ter view­ing area, which pro­vides a good view of the wet­land. One can see small fish and plants pu­ri­fy­ing the wa­ter. The struc­ture slows down the flow of wa­ter and in­creases pu­rifi­ca­tion.

The lay­ered wa­ter flower plat­form is to the west. There are the three lay­ers of wa­ter based on height dif­fer­ences from west to east. It cre­ates a small wa­ter­fall. Quaint, wooden walk­ways are close to the wa­ter and al­low visi­tors to en­joy the aquatic plants, wa­ter and reeds at close range.

Yang­shan is lo­cated in a for­est park on the cen­tral axis of Bei­jing and is the high­est hill in the area. Its main peak is 48 m high. It pre­serves the lo­cal, tra­di­tional Yang­shan name for the area and echoes with the Jing­shan name. It res­onates with the fol­low­ing verses: "Con­duct and tal­ent are as high as moun­tains, wor­thy of re­spect. Peo­ple can't help but fol­low such a per­son's man­ners as a code of con­duct." It also can trans­late to “ad­mire,” which has con­no­ta­tions of sym­me­try, bal­ance and har­mony in tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture. Sky World is lo­cated at the peak of Yang­shan. It fea­tures a 5.7-m stone that weighs 63 tons, trans­ported from Tais­han to Bei­jing. The sur­round­ing 29 Pi­nus tab­u­li­formis trees sym­bol­ise the 29th Olympic Games. Plat­forms known as Dawn Blos­soms and Plucked at Dusk are lo­cated on the east and west sides of Sky World, re­spec­tively. The names are taken from Lu Xun's es­say col­lec­tion Dawn Blos­soms Plucked at Dusk.

Ao­hai is lo­cated on the north side of the south en­trance of the park. There is an open-air per­form­ing arts square on the south bank. It is con­nected to the Olympic Land­scape Av­enue and cov­ers an area of about 40,000 sq.m. It can ac­com­mo­date 20,000 au­di­ence mem­bers. The grand­stand is lo­cated on the ter­rain gen­tly slop­ing down­ward from south to north. A large, mu­si­cal laser foun­tain is lo­cated in a lake on the north side of the square. The wa­ter can reach a height of up to 80 m.

The Big Tree Park in the north­ern sec­tion of this area cov­ers 80 ha and fea­tures 100,000 sq.m of wa­ter. There are more than 100 kinds of trees in the park, such as crape myr­tle, ash, wingnut, white san­dal­wood and ginkgo. There are tens of thou­sands in to­tal. Some of the trees “im­mi­grated” from the Three Gorges reser­voir area.

The Olympic For­est Park also fea­tures the Olympic Dec­la­ra­tion Square, which fea­tures five con­cen­tric cir­cles. The area fea­tures a 2.9-m-by-2.9-m, square cop­per de­sign on the ground, ex­pand­ing to the pe­riph­ery in a wave shape. It sym­bol­ises the in­her­i­tance of the Olympic spirit af­ter the 29th Olympic Games in Bei­jing. The names of the host cities, ses­sions and du­ra­tions of mod­ern Olympic Games from 1896 to 2016 are en­graved on the de­sign in the five rings. A three-part, curved cop­per mon­u­ment with a to­tal length of 29 m is lo­cated in the north­ern half of the outer cir­cle. The Olympic Dec­la­ra­tion is writ­ten in French, English and Chi­nese. The Chi­nese por­tion is in the mid­dle. It is 2.9 m high, 1.99 m wide and 0.38 m thick. The mon­u­ment fea­tures re­liefs of Pierre de Cou­bertin, the fa­ther of the mod­ern Olympic Games and Thomas Bach, the Pres­i­dent of the In­ter­na­tional Olympic Com­mit­tee. The Olympic Dec­la­ra­tion Square is mostly made of nat­u­ral gran­ite and fea­tures bronze in­scrip­tions and carv­ings. The mon­u­ment is in line with Chi­nese cul­tural sym­bols that were widely seen dur­ing the Bei­jing Olympics. It is also in­flu­enced by tra­di­tional moiré that dates back to the Han Dy­nasty.

Olympic For­est Park has at­tracted tourists from near and far with its wealth of at­trac­tions. It is also good for daily ex­er­cise and en­ter­tain­ment for nearby res­i­dents. It is in har­mony with lo­cal peo­ple.

West­ern Hills Na­tional For­est Park and its Ro­bust Cul­tural El­e­ments

Ex­tend­ing across Haid­ian, Shi­jing­shan and Men­tougou dis­tricts and cov­er­ing an area of 5,970 ha, the West­ern Hills Na­tional For­est Park is the near­est na­tional for­est park to Cen­tral Bei­jing. It is a tem­per­ate broadleaf and mixed for­est and cov­ers 98.5 per­cent of the area. It is home to mam­mals, birds, am­phib­ians, rep­tiles and hun­dreds of kinds of plants.

A huge wa­ter­fall flows from an ar­ti­fi­cial hill at the en­trance of the park. The park fea­tures the most wa­ter­falls in Bei­jing, as well as streams and lakes. The wa­ter­falls are not ex­trav­a­gant, but are beau­ti­ful enough to im­press visi­tors.

Tall and vigourous pine trees cover the sandy moun­tains. They have a fas­ci­nat­ing shape and their branches stretch out like a giant um­brella. The lush, young trees are also full of vi­tal­ity. Bei­jingers have a tra­di­tion of vis­it­ing the West­ern Hills to ap­pre­ci­ate the red leaves in late au­tumn. The smoke­tree, acer trun­ca­tum and oak leaves are all very red and dec­o­rate the hills with bright colour in the breeze. The sight is very de­light­ful.

There are many his­tor­i­cal sites in the West­ern Hills Na­tional For­est Park. Dur­ing the Ming Dy­nasty (1368–1644), some royal ceme­ter­ies were built on the gen­tle hills, in­clud­ing the ceme­ter­ies of Em­peror Zhu Qiyu (reign: 1449–1457) and seven con­cu­bines of Em­peror Zhu Yi­jun (reign: 1572–1620). Dur­ing the Qing Dy­nasty (1644–1911), the West­ern Hills area was fa­mous for the Eight Palaces in the West­ern Hills and the Three Hills and Eight Gar­dens. The ru­ins of Qing ban­ner­men vil­lages and watch­tow­ers can still be found. The Fra­grant Hills, Tem­ple of the Re­clin­ing Bud­dha and Badachu Park can be found in the area as well as his­tor­i­cal sites such as the Fa­hai Tem­ple, the Dizang Tem­ple ( Tem­ple of Ksit­i­garbha), Yaoyue Cave, the graves of some celebri­ties and the Mon­u­ment of Heis­hanhu Bat­tle in the West­ern Hills area.

The abrupt and straight sum­mit of Bai­wang Moun­tain is 210 m above sea level. The Cap­i­tal Green Cul­ture Stele For­est is lo­cated in the Bai­wang Moun­tain Scenic Area. It fea­tures stele pavil­ions; stele cor­ri­dors; a stele mu­seum; over 500 ste­les in­scribed by rev­o­lu­tion­ar­ies, celebri­ties and artists; and fea­tures a theme of foresta­tion. The el­e­gant works of art are new at­trac­tions for for­est tourism.

In re­cent years, the West­ern Hills Na­tional For­est Park has in­creased its cul­tural sta­tus and or­gan­ised a se­ries of events such as spring out­ings, flower ap­pre­ci­a­tion events, vol­un­teer tree plant­ing ac­tiv­i­ties, pho­tog­ra­phy com­pe­ti­tions, revo­lu­tion­ary tours, for­est cul­ture ex­pe­ri­ences, con­certs, his­tor­i­cal ex­hi­bi­tions and moun­tain climb­ing events, at­tract­ing par­tic­i­pants from near and far and en­rich­ing West­ern Hills cul­ture. Trails have been paved in the park so that visi­tors can en­joy the for­est land­scape and his­tor­i­cal sites along the way and get a look at the mag­nif­i­cent scenery of the cap­i­tal all year round.

Wet­land Parks

Wet­lands have been re­garded as the birth­place of Bei­jing's civil­i­sa­tion, the foun­da­tion of the ex­is­tence and de­vel­op­ment of Bei­jing, and car­ri­ers of Bei­jing's cul­tural her­itage.

Serv­ing as a city for over 3,000 years and cap­i­tal for over 800 years, Bei­jing was built near wa­ter like many other an­cient and his­tor­i­cal cities around the world. Its su­pe­rior wet­land en­vi­ron­ment was part of the rea­son why it was cho­sen as the cap­i­tal city in the past and has al­ways main­tained en­dur­ing vi­tal­ity. The wet­lands not only pro­vide ba­sic con­di­tions for the sur­vival and de­vel­op­ment of nat­u­ral sys­tems and plant and an­i­mal species but have also been part of the de­vel­op­ment and his­tor­i­cal changes of Bei­jing.

In re­cent years, var­i­ous dis­tricts in Bei­jing have ad­justed their de­vel­op­ment mea­sures to lo­cal con­di­tions and built a num­ber of wet­land parks of dif­fer­ent grades, scales and types, pro­vid­ing sites for Bei­jingers to get close to na­ture. In au­tumn, the wet­land parks dis­play brightly-coloured land­scapes and are a great choice for au­tumn out­ings.

Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park and its Lush Reeds

If one drives east­ward from Cen­tral Bei­jing to the south­west of Yangzhen Town in Shunyi Dis­trict and keeps driv­ing south­ward for about two kilo­me­tres along Muyan Road, one will ar­rive at Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park.

The only ex­ist­ing large reed wet­land in Bei­jing, Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park fea­tures lush reeds, lo­tus roots, clear wa­ter, singing wa­ter birds and a tran­quil at­mos­phere. It is a unique part of Bei­jing's sub­urbs and is home to many rare wa­ter­fowls. The area is known as “the large reed wet­land in East Bei­jing” and “the lit­tle Baiyang­dian lake in the sub­urbs of Bei­jing.”

Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park's con­ser­va­tion area is di­vided into a core area and an ex­per­i­men­tal area. The core area is fully closed and pro­tected. The ex­per­i­men­tal area is a scenic area in­te­grat­ing leisure, en­ter­tain­ment, fit­ness, con­ven­tions and ex­hi­bi­tions. One can row a boat here, breathe fresh air and ad­mire a va­ri­ety of aquatic plants such as cat­tails, irises, lo­tuses and wa­ter lilies. Home to 292 kinds of plants, Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park is a typ­i­cal, semi­wild wet­land dom­i­nated by reeds and cat­tails. Herons, egrets and other wa­ter­fowls fly over the wa­ter now and then. Carp, grass carp and sil­ver carp can be found in the 13ha fish­ing area. It is a pure de­light to watch the fish swim freely in the wa­ter.

Visi­tors can also bike through the park. There are three main routes avail­able. The east route al­lows visi­tors to ad­mire the aquatic plants in the botan­i­cal gar­den. The south route al­lows visi­tors to en­joy the land­scape of the lake and for­est. The west route al­lows visi­tors to have a panoramic view of the reeds in the core area.

Wire­less bird watch­ing equip­ment, high­pow­ered tele­scopes and por­ta­ble tele­scopes are avail­able in the bird-watch­ing hall at the north­ern end of the re­serve. Con­tin­u­ous ob­ser­va­tions and stud­ies in re­cent years in­di­cate that there are 153 species of birds in Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park. This fig­ure is close to half of all the bird species in Bei­jing. Two species of birds are un­der na­tional, Level-i pro­tec­tion. These are the black stork and the golden ea­gle. Sev­en­teen are un­der na­tional, Level-ii pro­tec­tion. Ten are un­der mu­nic­i­pal, Level-i pro­tec­tion. Fifty-four area un­der mu­nic­i­pal, Level-ii pro­tec­tion. It is rare to have so many birds and species of birds as a pro­por­tion to the land area in Bei­jing. Han­shiqiao Wet­land also at­tracts a large num­ber of pass­ing mi­grant birds.

Shunyi Dis­trict has launched a se­ries of wet­land restora­tion and pro­tec­tion mea­sures since 2003. It has been re­build­ing and strength­en­ing wet­land lake roads, dredg­ing fire iso­la­tion zones, build­ing bird is­lands and bird watch­ing sta­tions, cre­at­ing lo­tus ponds and wa­ter lily ar­eas, plant­ing more than 600 acres of reeds, and com­plet­ing 23.3 ha of green­ing projects. Birds of­ten come to rest in the re­serve, demon­strat­ing that the mea­sures have made a dif­fer­ence.

Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park and bird­net. cn jointly or­gan­ised the Bird Watch­ing Cul­ture Fes­ti­val in the park. The fes­ti­val con­sists of var­i­ous events, in­clud­ing a bird re­leas­ing event, bird watch­ing event, par­ent-child wet­land tour and a photo con­test, ap­peal­ing to peo­ple from all walks of life and com­pelling them to care for birds and pro­tect the en­vi­ron­ment.

Science Pop­u­lar­i­sa­tion at Cuihu Na­tional Ur­ban Wet­land Park

Lo­cated in the north of Shangzhuan­g Reser­voir in Shangzhuan­g Town, Haid­ian Dis­trict, Cuihu Na­tional Ur­ban Wet­land Park is an ar­ti­fi­cially-re­stored wet­land praised as a “south­ern Chi­nese river­side town.” It is the only na­tional-level, ur­ban wet­land park ap­proved by the Min­istry of Hous­ing and Ur­ban-ru­ral De­vel­op­ment Con­struc­tion of the Peo­ple's Re­pub­lic of China in Bei­jing.

The park is rich in flora and fauna. Rare wild wa­ter­fowls such as great bus­tards, golden ea­gles, relict gulls and red-crowned cranes can be seen al­most ev­ery year in the park. The aquatic plants in the area are also very scenic. Wa­ter lilies, reeds, cat­tails and cala­muses are a few that thrive at this wet­land park.

The park is di­vided into the Closed Pro­tec­tion Zone, Tran­si­tional Buf­fer Zone and Open Ex­pe­ri­ence Zone. The Open Ex­pe­ri­ence Zone fea­tures the Wet­land Cul­ture Cor­ri­dor, But­ter­fly Val­ley, Bird Watch­ing Tower, Fish Watch­ing Area, Wet­land Plant Ex­pe­ri­ence Area and other scenic area and is char­ac­terised by dif­fer­ent func­tions and scenes.

Signs along the 35-m-long Wet­land Cul­ture Cor­ri­dor in­tro­duce wet­landrelate­d in­for­ma­tion to visi­tors. They ex­plain wet­land con­cepts, types and func­tions, the his­tory of the Ram­sar Con­ven­tion on Wet­lands of In­ter­na­tional Im­por­tance es­pe­cially as Water­fowl Habi­tat, World Wet­land Day and Bei­jing Wet­land Day, ma­jor wet­lands in China and the world, the re­la­tion­ship be­tween wet­lands and hu­man civil­i­sa­tion, and cur­rent threats to wet­lands.

But­ter­fly Val­ley is an open area for but­ter­fly view­ing and cov­ers an area of ap­prox­i­mately 2,800 sq.m. It fea­tures edi­ble plants that but­ter­flies and their lar­vae like, which at­tracts var­i­ous va­ri­eties of this sub­or­der of an­i­mals. The flow­ers are also en­joy­able for visi­tors. When the flow­ers bloom, but­ter­flies fly every­where in the area, even in the au­tumn. The sea­son is full of vigour.

Birds also en­joy the wet­land park. The Cuihu Na­tional Ur­ban Wet­land Park fea­tures a 9-m-high, two-storey, wooden tower for bird watch­ing. There are tele­scopes and bird-watch­ing man­u­als avail­able in­side. Visi­tors can as­cend the tower to get a view of the park, watch the birds, and learn about their habits and char­ac­ter­is­tics. Themed ac­tiv­i­ties for pop­u­lar­is­ing science are of­ten car­ried out in the park, elu­ci­dat­ing top­ics such as

wet­land bird mi­gra­tion.

Linyuan guanyu (watch­ing fish by the pond) is a sunken, scenic area. There is a pond that has glass walls like an aquar­ium. Visi­tors can learn how to recog­nise var­i­ous kinds of wet­land fish, how they fit into the ecosys­tem and in­for­ma­tion about the en­vi­ron­ment in the area.

The Am­phib­ian Ex­hi­bi­tion Area and the Rep­tile Ex­hi­bi­tion Area fea­ture prac­ti­cal in­for­ma­tion and aes­thetic value. They of­fer beau­ti­ful liv­ing spa­ces for an­i­mals and al­low visi­tors to watch them. There are Chi­nese soft­shell tur­tles, black spot­ted frogs, fresh­wa­ter mus­sels and other an­i­mals in the ex­hi­bi­tion ar­eas. Signs ex­plain in­for­ma­tion about the an­i­mals, such as their char­ac­ter­is­tics, habits and dis­tri­bu­tion.

In the three ex­hi­bi­tion ar­eas of the Plant Ex­pe­ri­ence Zone, the orig­i­nal, eco­log­i­cal, wet­land veg­e­ta­tion land­scape has been cre­ated. It fea­tures plants with float­ing leaves, sub­merged plants and emer­gent plants. A pon­toon runs through the Plant Ex­pe­ri­ence Zone, al­low­ing visi­tors to ob­serve the plants while learn­ing their def­i­ni­tion, clas­si­fi­ca­tion, char­ac­ter­is­tics and val­ues. Wet­land tourism has suc­ceeded in pop­u­lar­is­ing knowl­edge through lively ac­tiv­i­ties.

Nat­u­ral Fun at the Wild Duck Lake Na­tional Wet­land Park

Known for its large, reeded area and var­i­ous kinds of birds, the Wild Duck Lake Na­tional Wet­land Park in Yan­qing Dis­trict is like a pearl em­bed­ded at the foot of the Badal­ing Great Wall. It is ac­com­pa­nied by the Guant­ing Reser­voir.

As the only nat­u­ral re­serve for wet­land birds in Bei­jing with vast wet­land area and dense veg­e­ta­tion, Wild Duck Lake Na­tional Wet­land Park is an ideal tran­sit habi­tat for mi­gra­tory birds in the win­ter and spring. The im­pres­sive species and num­ber of birds in the park makes it an ideal site for bird watch­ing.

The park also pro­vides an ex­cel­lent fish­ing en­vi­ron­ment for an­glers. They of­ten bring a sun um­brella, chair and their fish­ing rod. Some may wait qui­etly and fish all day long. It is a de­light to fish in the park on a pleas­ant au­tumn day. There are also wa­ter recre­ation fa­cil­i­ties, farm­houses and small vil­las in the park, pro­vid­ing con­ve­nient fa­cil­i­ties for visi­tors.

The first wet­land mu­seum in North China is also sit­u­ated in the Wild Duck Lake Na­tional Wet­land Park. Visi­tors can watch the Beau­ti­ful Wild Duck Lake Wet­land video on a dome-screen here. Photo ex­hi­bi­tions, in­tro­duc­tory in­for­ma­tion and au­dio­vi­sual ma­te­ri­als of­fered by the Vis­i­tor Cen­tre pro­vide the pub­lic with a wide range of in­for­ma­tion about wet­lands.

There are many more wet­land parks in Bei­jing than those men­tioned thus far. Lo­cated in the north­west of Haid­ian Dis­trict, Daox­i­ang Lake Scenic Area is an­other wet­land park wor­thy of vis­it­ing in the au­tumn. The scenic area con­sists of a nat­u­ral lake and vast paddy fields. There is a beau­ti­ful water­front land­scape; fresh, ru­ral scenery; and a com­fort­able and pleas­ant over­all en­vi­ron­ment. Sur­rounded by moun­tains on three sides, the scenic area boasts beau­ti­ful scenery. When the weather per­mits, visi­tors can row a boat on Daox­i­ang Lake, ap­pre­ci­ate the reeds and lis­ten to the melo­di­ous singing of egrets, ori­oles and tur­tle­doves. Var­i­ous species of fresh­wa­ter fish swim in the lake. The area is avail­able for fish­ing and is a favourite spot of many an­glers.

Lo­cated be­tween Li­ulim­iao Town and Tanghekou Town in Huairou Dis­trict, Bai­he­wan Wet­land Park lies on the Baihe River. Rain­fall, up­stream wa­ter and moun­tain spring wa­ter feed into the area. Boast­ing dense wet­land plants, gravel river­side paths, high moun­tains and fresh air, the park has be­come a recre­ation site in­te­grat­ing cross-coun­try driv­ing, raft­ing, din­ing, ac­com­mo­da­tion, en­ter­tain­ment and the abil­ity to ex­pe­ri­ence ru­ral life.

San­lihe Wet­land Park in Yan­qing Dis­trict is known for its well-pre­served, orig­i­nal for­est and veg­e­ta­tion, var­i­ous types of trees and shrubs that are in har­mony with lo­cal con­di­tions and its nearly 1,000-m-long, wooden board­walk. White Horse Spring lies on the west side of the Sanli River in the park. The spring flows all year long, fea­tures green aquatic plants and clear wa­ter.

Lo­cated in Ji­ayu Vil­lage, Shicheng Town, Minyun Dis­trict, Ji­ayu Wet­land Park has a beau­ti­ful en­vi­ron­ment and charm­ing scenery. The area fea­tures wa­ter­falls, lush forests, green hills, the Bai­he­wan an­cient road and Ji­ayu Vil­lage nearby. The Cool Val­ley in­side the wet­land park is fa­mous in the sub­urbs of Bei­jing. It is known for its abun­dant wa­ter, nu­mer­ous ponds and high wa­ter­falls. There is a cave over 200 m deep be­hind the wa­ter­fall. Visi­tors can take a look in­side.

As can be seen, there are a wealth of scenic ar­eas and beau­ti­ful scenery to ex­plore in Bei­jing in the au­tumn.

The Pek­ing Man Site at Zhouk­oudian

The Mu­tianyu sec­tion of the Great Wall

An an­cient wa­ter trans­porta­tion wharf on the Grand Canal in Tongzhou Dis­trict

Cy­cling at Grand Canal For­est Park

A pagoda in Badachu Park

Han­shiqiao Wet­land Park

Cuihu Na­tional Ur­ban Wet­land Park

Wild Duck Lake Na­tional Wet­land Park

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