Help­ing Chil­dren Prevent Burns

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Wang Wei Edited by Justin Davis Pho­tos by Qu Bowei Pho­tos cour­tesy of the

A few years ago, en­ter­tain­ers and med­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als in China cre­ated the China So­cial Wel­fare Foun­da­tion's Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund. It aims to en­cour­age the pub­lic to par­tic­i­pate in pre­vent­ing ther­mal burns and re­duc­ing their oc­cur­rence in China.

This is great. Haha!” “It re­sem­bles a real house.” “Chil­dren are sure to like it.” Sun­light shines through the win­dows and a warm replica of a house. Staff mem­bers at the Ai­wuhen Burn Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Care Cen­tre hov­ered around the replica, with big smiles on their faces. Peo­ple ea­gerly looked at the house as if they could see their fu­ture chil­dren in­side.

The replica is known as “A Chil­dren-friendly and Safe Ex­pe­ri­ence Space.” It is five me­tres long and three me­tres wide and was first show­cased at the China In­ter­na­tional Ma­ter­nal and Child Health Expo 2017. It was pop­u­lar with the kids and helped them learn a lot about ther­mal burns and in­cluded ex­pe­ri­ence-based ac­tiv­i­ties.

About 26 mil­lion peo­ple suf­fer from var­i­ous de­grees of burns each year in China, 30 per­cent of which are chil­dren. If the burns are not treated quickly and ap­pro­pri­ately, the con­se­quences can be very se­ri­ous. En­ter­tain­ers and med­i­cal pro­fes­sion­als cre­ated the China So­cial Wel­fare Foun­da­tion's Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund to help de­crease their rate of in­ci­dence. It aims at en­cour­ag­ing the pub­lic to be more aware about burns and burned chil­dren and to treat symp­toms more pro­fes­sion­ally. Although the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund en­coun­tered many dif­fi­cul­ties, it has also been sup­ported by peo­ple from all walks of life. Med­i­cal ex­perts joined the team and movie stars served as am­bas­sadors. The fund has sup­ported the Ai­wuhen Burn Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Care Cen­tre. It es­tab­lished an ex­ec­u­tive team to or­gan­ise 50 so­cial groups from China's 26 prov­inces to form a vol­un­tary al­liance. The Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion greatly sup­ports the Ai­wuhen Burn Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Care Cen­tre. It has es­tab­lished a fe­male vol­un­teer group and pro­vided var­i­ous plat­forms and re­sources. Ev­ery­one in­volved with the fund has the same goal: “One Fewer Burned Child, One More Happy Fam­ily.” Treat­ing ther­mal burns is part of pro­fes­sional medicine, but this area of pre­ven­tion and treat­ment has re­ceived much less at­ten­tion than many other prob­lems. This does not mean that they are not im­por­tant and un­wor­thy of at­ten­tion though. Li Xuesong is an of­fi­cial from an of­fice that is re­spon­si­ble for so­cial work in the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion and un­der­stands this very well.

The of­fice was es­tab­lished in 2010. Its pur­pose is to in­te­grate Bei­jing's so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions to pro­vide pro­fes­sional and long-term ser­vices for women, chil­dren and fam­i­lies in Bei­jing. Af­ter its team mem­bers vis­ited pub­lic, non­profit or­gan­i­sa­tions that are de­voted to pre­vent­ing burns in Tai­wan in 2013, they found that a pre­ven­tion cam­paign has been im­ple­mented in nurs­eries and pri­mary schools. In­for­ma­tion about ba­sic first aid for ther­mal burns has taken root among the pub­lic for more than 10 years. The cam­paign has greatly re­duced the num­ber of burned pa­tients.

In 2016, the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion be­gan to pro­mote Yi­ji­ax­ing (“Ben­e­fit­ting Fam­i­lies,” a pub­lic wel­fare project). The Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund en­rolled in the project dur­ing its on­line re­cruit­ment phase. In Li's eyes, although the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund im­ple­mented just a few projects in com­mu­ni­ties, she thought the or­gan­i­sa­tion would play a big role in pro­mot­ing the pre­ven­tion of burns. She de­cided to meet the head of the fund. Co­in­ci­den­tally, key ex­ec­u­tives Zhang Daiyu and Tang Jing re­cently vis­ited Tai­wan to learn about their pre­ven­tion ef­forts and de­cided to par­tic­i­pate. This helped im­prove Bei­jing's en­gage­ment in this area and also led to co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion and the fund.

The co­op­er­a­tion be­tween the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion and var­i­ous so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions pro­vides a big range of pos­si­bil­i­ties in the im­ple­men­ta­tion of pub­lic wel­fare projects. The fed­er­a­tion rec­om­mended the “Ben­e­fit­ting Fam­i­lies” project and of­fi­cials from Bei­jing's dis­tricts and

‘Dream­ing That There Will No Longer Be Burn Vic­tims in Hospi­tals Some Day’ Work­ing To­gether To­wards a Great Goal

com­mu­ni­ties to the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund. In 2017, the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion in­vited the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund to con­duct the “Tang­tang xi­aoguaishou” (“Hot Lit­tle Mon­ster,” an in­ter­ac­tive ac­tiv­ity) dur­ing train­ing classes for of­fi­cials from the city's women's fed­er­a­tions from the dis­trict and com­mu­nity lev­els, which was ex­pected to be in­tro­duced in com­mu­ni­ties as it was con­sid­ered a sig­nif­i­cant ac­tiv­ity among the trainees. The man­age­rial and pro­mo­tional ex­pe­ri­ence of the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund was rel­a­tively inad­e­quate be­cause it only ex­isted for a short time. To im­prove the plan­ning, pro­mo­tion and im­ple­men­ta­tion of the fund's projects, the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion in­vited its ex­ec­u­tives to par­tic­i­pate in the fed­er­a­tion's train­ing classes and the gov­ern­ment agen­cies' other train­ing ac­tiv­i­ties.

Ac­cord­ing to the Out­line of Health China 2030 Plan re­leased in 2016, medium and long-term de­vel­op­ment plans re­gard­ing health care in the coun­try have been put for­ward for the first time. Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) Xi Jin­ping stressed, “there is no pros­per­ous so­ci­ety with­out uni­ver­sal health care,” em­pha­sis­ing peo­ple's health. China is a large coun­try and has a pop­u­la­tion of over 1.3 bil­lion peo­ple. On May 21, 2018, the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund launched the Pre­vent­ing Ther­mal Burns across China Project to help par­ents and their chil­dren learn about how to prevent from burns and learn more about first aid. The goal is “Re­duc­ing the in­ci­dence of Chil­dren who Suf­fer from Ther­mal Burns in China.” The project fea­tures the “One Fewer­burned Child, One More Happy Fam­ily” slo­gan. The Ai­wuhen Burn Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Care Cen­tre's fe­male vol­un­teer group is sup­ported by the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion. It pro­motes burn pre­ven­tion, in­clud­ing teach­ing chil­dren how to keep away from “A Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster,” in the city's com­mu­ni­ties, schools and nurs­eries.

The Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion rec­om­mended China So­cial Wel­fare Foun­da­tion's Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund, which was ini­ti­ated by Hu Ya­jie and his wife Tang Jing, to the 2018 China Char­ity Awards. On Septem­ber 13, the fund won the top award. Zhou Dan, one of the fund's main lead­ers, al­most never speaks pub­licly but plays a ma­jor role in op­er­at­ing the fund. He has been de­clared a “March Eighth Red Ban­ner Pace­set­ter” by the Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion.

Li Xuesong stated ex­cit­edly: “The Bei­jing Women's Fed­er­a­tion is in charge of more than 20 so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions but only rec­om­mended the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund, which is not led by the fed­er­a­tion, to the 2018 China Char­ity Awards, be­cause we think the fund's ini­tia­tive is sig­nif­i­cant. The fed­er­a­tion will con­tinue to sup­port burn pre­ven­tion and pro­vide re­sources for it. We hope this pub­lic wel­fare project will be sup­ported by the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Com­mis­sion of Ed­u­ca­tion and burn pre­ven­tion will be in­te­grated into class­rooms. I hope there are no ther­mal burn pa­tients in China's hospi­tals some day. This is a great goal.”

There is a story about Bian Que (407– 310 BC) and his broth­ers in Heguanzi (a book about Tao­ism). The book states: “One day dur­ing the War­ring States Pe­riod (475–221 BC), the king of the State of Wei asked Dr. Bian Que who was the best doc­tor among the Bian Three. Bian Que said his el­der brother was bet­ter than him and his el­dest brother was the best among the three. The king won­dered why Bian Que was the most fa­mous. Bian Que thought his el­dest brother is work­ing on pre­vent­ing fu­ture dis­eases and many peo­ple do not know that is work­ing with pre­ven­tion. Thus, his fame can­not spread and only our fam­ily mem­bers know about it. My el­der brother cures dis­eases when they are just be­gin­ning to de­velop. Most peo­ple think he can only cure mi­nor ill­nesses and his fame only spreads in our home­town. Bian Que said he usu­ally treats pa­tients who suf­fer from se­ri­ous dis­eases. Peo­ple saw that he per­forms op­er­a­tions to treat pa­tients. Thus, they think he is a re­mark­able doc­tor and he is well known across the coun­try.”

The story il­lu­mi­nates a truth. Re­me­dial ac­tions are not as good as tak­ing mea­sures to prevent risks from the be­gin­ning. Many peo­ple ne­glect to prevent crises be­fore they emerge though, which can lead to se­ri­ous blun­ders. An old Chi­nese say­ing goes, “it's too late to mend a sheep­fold af­ter the sheep are lost.” Tang Jing once said: “When you see a child who is man­gled be­yond recog­ni­tion be­cause of burns, hear their mis­er­able cry­ing and face his or her par­ents who may feel help­less and get stuck in a des­per­ate sit­u­a­tion, you are sure to un­der­stand why I want to be en­gaged in pro­mot­ing a pub­lic wel­fare project de­signed to prevent burns.”

One day in Septem­ber 2014, fa­mous Chi­nese ac­tor Hu Ya­jie and his wife Tang Jing were in­vited by Dr. Sun Bianyou, who is one of their close friends, to visit his hospi­tal. Hu said he would never for­get the shock­ing scene they saw at the hospi­tal. “When I en­tered the hospi­tal, I was shocked by many pa­tients, in­clud­ing adults and chil­dren, who were crowded in the hall. Most of the pa­tients were chil­dren ac­com­pa­nied by their par­ents. The pa­tients had thick red flesh in vary­ing de­grees on their heads, faces, necks, legs and hands. Dr. Sun told me the thick red flesh was scarred hy­per­pla­sia caused by burn­ing. To my sur­prise, some par­ents kept pat­ting their chil­dren's bod­ies while tightly hold­ing their chil­dren's hands be­cause the burn scars are so itchy that their chil­dren can­not stand them. The burns shouldn't be scratched be­cause it will af­fect their treat­ment. When I looked at them, I was very dis­tressed. I came up with an idea about what I can do for them.”

Burn scars are de­scribed as “a ter­ri­ble can­cer” by med­i­cal ex­perts. Burn pa­tients may have to suf­fer for the rest of their lives. The scars can grow thicker over time and even dis­able them. Burns can bring se­ri­ous phys­i­cal or psy­cho­log­i­cal harm to pa­tients. Ther­mal burns are pre­ventable though. If we take mea­sures to teach first aid and to prevent them, tragedy can be less­ened and avoided.

Treat­ing burns can take a while and be ex­pen­sive. Fam­i­lies have been pushed into poverty overnight be­cause of their high cost of treat­ment. There are a va­ri­ety of tragedies in the world. Hu Ya­jie and his wife re­alised that burns are pre­ventable, how­ever, and de­cided to es­tab­lish a non-profit or­gan­i­sa­tion to help burn pa­tients and ed­u­cate the pub­lic about burns. In 2014, the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund was es­tab­lished and Hu's friends, med­i­cal ex­perts and other vol­un­teers joined it.

From 2014 to 2015, the fund's ma­jor lead­ers vis­ited more than 20 med­i­cal ex­perts to learn about burns and com­pleted an in­ves­ti­ga­tion re­port about the sta­tus of more than 600 burn pa­tients af­ter vis­it­ing some hospi­tals, such as the Peo­ple's Lib­er­a­tion Army Air Force Gen­eral Hospi­tal. The fund has a prag­matic style and care­ful at­ti­tude and has been recog­nised by med­i­cal ex­perts. The fund's com­mit­tee of ex­perts is com­posed of thirty-two treat­ment ex­perts, psy­chol­o­gists and pub­lic wel­fare pro­mot­ers who sup­port the project.

Chi­nese Academy of En­gi­neer­ing Aca­demi­cian Sheng Zhiy­ong, who is also a ther­mal burn ex­pert, once told the lead­ers of the fund: “More than one mil­lion yuan is re­quired to treat some­one who is 80-90 per­cent covered with burns. And what will hap­pen af­ter that? It will ben­e­fit the pub­lic if your

‘The Story of Bian Three’ Burn Pre­ven­tion Ideas Orig­i­nated from a Visit

or­gan­i­sa­tion be­gins to pro­mote ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion.” Ac­cord­ing to the UN, seven years af­ter an ed­u­ca­tional pro­gramme cov­er­ing burn pre­ven­tion for chil­dren was car­ried out in Nor­way, the rate of in­ci­dence de­clined dra­mat­i­cally, fall­ing to less than half of what it was be­fore the pro­gramme.

In­spired by Sheng's words, the lead­ers of the fund de­cided to fo­cus on pro­mo­tion of ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion, while fur­ther­ing its aid for burned chil­dren and adults, in­clud­ing phys­i­cal and psy­cho­log­i­cal re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion. The fund be­gan to co­op­er­ate with non-profit or­gan­i­sa­tions for ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion in Tai­wan, Hong Kong and the United King­dom to in­tro­duce their ad­vanced burn pre­ven­tion cour­ses for chil­dren and re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion cour­ses and psy­cho­log­i­cal sup­port for burned pa­tients.

With their re­sources and the help of the ex­pert com­mit­tee, the fund launched the Ai­wuhen pro­gramme to pro­mote ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion and re­duce the in­ci­dence of ther­mal burns in China.

Un­der the guid­ance of ex­perts, the fund de­vel­oped “The Keep­ing away from a Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster” project for chil­dren. It com­bines five first aid steps for treat­ing burns with in­ter­est­ing, in­ter­ac­tive, sci­en­tific ac­tiv­i­ties us­ing text­books, videos and “a safe room for keep­ing away from a Hot, Lit­tle mon­ster.” The fund also pro­duced the Pipi de gushi ( A Story about Pipi) car­toon, the “Yuanli tang­tang xi­aoguaishou” (“Keep away from a Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster”) song and the Tang­tang xi­aoguaishou

( Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster) play.

Hu Ya­jie said: “The story about the Bian Three has spread till this day, en­abling peo­ple to un­der­stand that pre­ven­tion is the great­est con­tri­bu­tion to pub­lic health. Burns have been greatly re­duced in Tai­wan due to the pro­mo­tion of their pre­ven­tion in re­cent years. We cre­ated our own text­books with lo­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics based on ideas that have been used in Tai­wan. Ideas re­lated to burn pre­ven­tion can be passed down through gen­er­a­tions. Our gen­er­a­tion and the fol­low­ing gen­er­a­tions must strive to carry out this good cause!” Although the fund started late, it has de­vel­oped rapidly. Its team mem­bers have made painstak­ing ef­forts. Broader sup­port from the pub­lic helps them over­come dif­fi­cul­ties.

Early in its ex­is­tence, there were some prob­lems. Tang Jing and Zhang Daiyu, the wives of the fund's ini­tia­tors Hu Ya­jie and Sun Bianyu, played ma­jor roles in run­ning the fund. Un­der the in­flu­ence of the two women, Zhou Dan, one of their close friends, also joined the fund. The three women from well-off fam­i­lies de­cided to carry out this good cause. They es­tab­lished the Ai­wuhen Women Vol­un­teer Group. Ac­cord­ing to some of its mem­bers: “Most of the fund's team mem­bers are women. As a Chi­nese say­ing goes, women hold up half the sky. Women are also half of the earth.”

Zhang Daiyu treated burns pro­fes­sion­ally be­fore join­ing the fund. She ap­plies her knowl­edge to pre­vent­ing them and the fund's other goals. When Tang Jing was young, she per­formed wu­dan (an ac­tress play­ing a mar­tial role) roles in Pek­ing Opera and later worked in the film and tele­vi­sion in­dus­try. She also ran her own busi­ness. Af­ter work­ing with the burn pre­ven­tion fund, she stated: “It is the most stim­u­lat­ing work I have ever done. I did not feel tired every day. I am lucky to be able to par­tic­i­pate in this

‘A Sig­nif­i­cant Pub­lic Wel­fare Project’ Women Mem­bers Hold­ing up Half the Sky

mean­ing­ful cause, even though I am over 50. Last year we in­vited a child who had been burned and was aided by the fund to take part in the shoot­ing of a video about ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion. Though he suf­fered from se­ri­ous burns at the age of six, he was still op­ti­mistic and lively and could im­i­tate Guo De­gang (a fa­mous crosstalk co­me­dian). We were touched by the child's vi­tal­ity at that time. Last year, he was in the fourth grade. His eyes were com­pletely dull, and we could not recog­nise him. I chat­ted with his mother and told her that she has a great child. He could bravely stand in front of a video cam­era to help peo­ple learn more about burns. His con­tri­bu­tions are sig­nif­i­cant and valu­able to so­ci­ety. His mother helped ex­plain my re­marks to the child, and his lively state came back.”

As a close friend of Zhang Daiyu, Zhou Dan was very in­ter­ested in the char­i­ta­ble fund for burn pre­ven­tion that Zhang and other peo­ple es­tab­lished. Zhou was once en­gaged in edit­ing chil­dren's books and run­ning an agency for pro­mot­ing busi­ness brands. Zhou sug­gested that the fund needed a logo. She de­signed one fea­tur­ing a cir­cle and curves cen­tring on a heart shape. Zhou ex­plained: “The project was ini­ti­ated by doc­tors and en­ter­tain­ers to help burned peo­ple and prevent burns. This care and benev­o­lence re­quires the par­tic­i­pa­tion of many peo­ple. I joined the fund be­cause of the logo.” Zhou also par­tic­i­pated in de­sign­ing “a Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster,” “Pipi, a Small Su­per­hero” and other char­ac­ters that con­nect with chil­dren and their level of de­vel­op­ment. Zhou stated: “We need to pro­vide ma­te­ri­als that are eas­ily un­der­stood by the chil­dren to help them learn.”

As a Chi­nese say­ing goes, three women can play a drama. But if three women form a team to work to­gether, they can gen­er­ate enor­mous en­er­gies. For ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion, one of the best places for pub­li­cis­ing the idea is schools and nurs­eries be­cause its main tar­get pop­u­la­tion is chil­dren. How­ever, at the be­gin­ning, the at­tempt of pub­li­cis­ing their idea suf­fered big re­sis­tance in schools and nurs­eries. They had to com­mu­ni­cate with schools by us­ing their own meth­ods. Later they got to know Pro­fes­sor Mao Zhen­ming from Bei­jing Nor­mal Uni­ver­sity, who has been an ex­pert on chil­dren's de­vel­op­ment and safety af­ter he stud­ied phys­i­cal ed­u­ca­tion in Japan. Pro­fes­sor Mao learned about the fund and told Tang and Zhang that Bei­jing Nor­mal Uni­ver­sity de­vel­oped 96 safety classes for chil­dren but none of them have de­tailed con­tents like their project based on the ways chil­dren like to learn. Mao won­dered if the Bei­jing Nor­mal Uni­ver­sity in­vested to in­tro­duce some schools for open­ing the fund's cour­ses of ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion.

Zhang emo­tional re­called: “This was a rare op­por­tu­nity for the fund. At the be­gin­ning of 2016, we de­vel­oped a ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion project, which was in­tro­duced into a pri­mary school in a ru­ral area in He­nan Prov­ince in Novem­ber. In April 2017, Pro­fes­sor Mao came into our or­gan­i­sa­tion to lis­ten to our re­port and de­cided to in­tro­duce schools in Bei­jing to us. We think this is a good pro­mo­tion, help­ing us de­velop from a high start­ing point.” One of the staff mem­bers in the fund said: “They quit their jobs and do the pub­lic wel­fare project. What they do is ad­mirable. They go forth to carry out the project with ne­glect­ing no de­tail. ” One tree does not make a for­est. The fund over­came many ob­sta­cles and won a bright fu­ture. How to cul­ti­vate in

‘Seeds for Pro­mot­ing Burn Pre­ven­tion’ Gather­ing Re­sources around the Coun­try

this hope­ful land is a prob­lem need­ing to be solved. Though the road ahead for do­ing pub­lic wel­fare is dif­fi­cult and full of chal­lenges, with this warm in­spi­ra­tion, the fund gath­ers more pub­lic-spir­ited per­sons to cre­ate a favourable en­vi­ron­ment to help more needy peo­ple.

The fund es­tab­lished the Ai­wuhen Burn Re­ha­bil­i­ta­tion and Care Cen­tre on June 27, 2016 to carry out “The Keep­ing away from a Hot, Lit­tle Mon­ster” project across the coun­try. Over the past two years, its team mem­bers have vis­ited 305 schools to train 2,300 men­tors and ben­e­fit more than 50,000 chil­dren. They know that this is far from enough though. Even the strong­est team can be over­whelmed when fac­ing the en­tire coun­try and its vast ge­og­ra­phy. More­over, burn pre­ven­tion is of­ten ne­glected in daily life, be­cause many peo­ple think that this kind of ac­ci­dent will never hap­pen to them.

Zhou men­tioned: “We can­not do this alone. We are the seeds for pro­mot­ing ideas about burn pre­ven­tion. We have se­lected 50 pub­lic wel­fare or­gan­i­sa­tions to form an al­liance across 26 prov­inces through­out the coun­try. We raise money for these or­gan­i­sa­tions to carry out our projects. Only un­der­stand­ing first aid treat­ment con­cepts for ther­mal burns and pre­ven­tion ideas can help to im­prove the sit­u­a­tion and help peo­ple be more aware.”

The 50 pub­lic wel­fare or­gan­i­sa­tions use spe­cific ac­tions to in­flu­ence peo­ple and try to raise aware­ness about burn pre­ven­tion around the coun­try. Zhang elab­o­rated: “We are very im­pressed by our team mem­bers. Some of them taught ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion classes in re­mote moun­tain­ous ar­eas, car­ry­ing text­books and teach­ing aids. Some ru­ral pri­mary schools have lim­ited re­sources and may even lack a screen for pro­jec­tors to watch videos on. Our team mem­bers had to work with stu­dents to make a cur­tain us­ing the ma­te­ri­als that were at hand to en­sure the chil­dren could re­ceive lively and in­ter­est­ing cour­ses. A woman named Pan Yu is one of our vol­un­teers in He­bei Prov­ince's Gu'an County. She used her spare time to teach burn pre­ven­tion classes in vil­lages. First, she needed to train teach­ers. Af­ter a class, a teacher asked if she could teach it at a vil­lage, where her par­ents live. Af­ter that, some­one re­quested that Pan teach it in a vil­lage where her mother-in-law lives. Pan was never bored and be­gan to travel from one place to an­other to vol­un­teer more and more.”

Teng Changbo is part of a vol­un­teer as­so­ci­a­tion that sup­ports ed­u­ca­tion in Chongqing Mun­ci­pal­ity. He has been en­gaged in pub­lic wel­fare for more than 10 years and has a wealth of ex­pe­ri­ence plan­ning and op­er­at­ing pub­lic wel­fare projects.

In 2017, Zhang and Tang went to Chongqing to visit him and ex­change ideas about burn pre­ven­tion.

Teng said: “I felt the team mem­bers worked with their hearts and re­ally helped chil­dren. There are so many burned chil­dren in China. They are very poor, but most of the tragedies could have been pre­vented. This project has not been done be­fore. If it can help 50,000 chil­dren prevent burns each year, it will be a good re­duc­tion. So­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions can help al­le­vi­ate so­cial prob­lems. We pro­mote burn pre­ven­tion in China, es­pe­cially for chil­dren. That's why I wanted to join it. I have car­ried out pub­lic wel­fare projects for more than 10 years. I was glad to find this project, and I must sup­port it. If the project wants to be long-term, we must run it ac­cord­ing to a cer­tain frame­work. That way the fund can man­age the project and al­low qual­i­fied so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions to im­ple­ment it, which will en­sure that it can be car­ried out around the coun­try.”

With the par­tic­i­pa­tion and sup­port of many pub­lic-spir­ited peo­ple, a larger and more ef­fi­cient pub­lic wel­fare al­liance has formed. Fifty non-gov­ern­men­tal pub­lic wel­fare or­gan­i­sa­tions joined the cause of ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion in a pack­age struc­ture. A pack­age means 1,000 chil­dren. There are 50 or­gan­i­sa­tions na­tion­wide, which can spread the idea of ther­mal burn pre­ven­tion to 50,000 chil­dren if they each carry out one pack­age. Teng also drafted a set of stan­dards for the project and de­signed a man­age­ment plat­form for the burn pre­ven­tion wel­fare project.

Teng be­gan to play a role in su­per­vis­ing the project when the

plat­form was ready. He checks gaps in the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the project, mon­i­tors de­fi­cien­cies in the plat­form and fixes them in a timely man­ner. He ex­plained: “As the de­signer of the plat­form, I must be in­volved in its op­er­a­tion and find prob­lems. It is not al­ways easy to es­tab­lish the cred­i­bil­ity of so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions. We can't al­low small prob­lems to get in the way. The fund not only pro­motes na­tional burn pre­ven­tion but also ad­vances the de­vel­op­ment of so­cial or­gan­i­sa­tions across the coun­try.” Many peo­ple think that burns are far away from their lives and ne­glect this pos­si­ble in­jury. Ther­mal burns are like a devil that lurks peo­ple's lives and will ex­ert de­struc­tive power in their phys­i­cal and men­tal health if they ig­nore it. If more than 10 per­cent of some­one's body is burned, he or she will need to re­ceive treat­ment in the in­ten­sive care unit (ICU). Ten per­cent of one's body (about an area of 10 palms) sounds like a rel­a­tively small area, but it may be life-threat­en­ing. Hav­ing more than 10 per­cent of one's body covered in burns can be con­sid­ered “hell on earth.”

Many peo­ple have de­voted them­selves to help­ing to prevent burns and stuck with it be­cause they have seen hor­rific scenes of burned pa­tients in ICUS, a fate worse than death.”

A pub­lic-spir­ited per­son who vis­ited the South­west Hospi­tal, which con­tains China's largest burn unit, re­called his ex­pe­ri­ence with lin­ger­ing fear: “In the hospi­tal's in­pa­tient wards for peo­ple who have been burned, we can see hor­ri­ble, heart­break­ing and thought­pro­vok­ing scenes. Burned pa­tients were al­most naked and their in­jured ar­eas were hung up to keep them away from other parts of their body. The pain of burns can be un­bear­able when some­one is awake. Adults in the ICU cried out in pain. Phys­i­o­log­i­cal pain and psy­cho­log­i­cal fears can be un­en­durable for chil­dren. Many burned chil­dren can have is­sues with post trau­matic stress dis­or­der. When I went into the in­pa­tient wards, I had a strong feel for what hell on earth is like.”

Zhang Daiyu was once a med­i­cal ex­pert who treated burns. Over the decades, she has seen neg­a­tive changes in many chil­dren's lives and in their fam­i­lies as a re­sult of burns. She once aided a child for half a month. The child never dared to look at Zhang dur­ing this pe­riod. When the gaze of the two fi­nally met, Zhang saw a pair of fright­ened eyes. She said with emo­tion: “We should take ac­tions to prevent burns and re­duce chil­dren's suf­fer­ing. Af­ter see­ing hell on earth, many peo­ple will be de­pressed, which is called an al­ter­na­tive trauma. My hus­band has also been en­gaged in treat­ing ther­mal burns for many years. Doc­tors are look­ing for­ward to bet­ter pre­vent­ing burns and help­ing more burned pa­tients. They not only save their pa­tients but also help them­selves. We are do­ing a very mean­ing­ful thing. Doc­tors in South­east Asia, Europe and North Amer­ica have al­ready car­ried out these kinds of projects. We started re­cently and must fur­ther our work as soon as pos­si­ble. In­stead of sim­ply pro­mot­ing burn pre­ven­tion, we are deal­ing with an is­sue of keep­ing chil­dren away from this hell. Each of us has a so­cial role and can spread in­for­ma­tion about burn pre­ven­tion. Any­one who knows any­thing about it should have an obli­ga­tion to pro­mote it. We hope that the pub­lic can sup­port our work and that schools can open their gates to our team mem­bers.”

Cre­at­ing a beau­ti­ful China is part of the Chi­nese dream. If every fam­ily is beau­ti­ful, China will be beau­ti­ful, and so­ci­ety will be har­mo­nious. Burn pre­ven­tion is im­por­tant for every fam­ily. Over the past four years, the Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund has worked to im­ple­ment the “One Fewer Burned Child, One More Happy Fam­ily” idea. We are in the ini­tial stages. Our work must con­tinue. Our goal is to help Chi­nese chil­dren learn ba­sic first aid about ther­mal burns and not suf­fer from burns. Ac­cord­ing to tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture, “love is in­vis­i­ble, and true wa­ter is not fra­grant.” In the con­text of the “new era, new mis­sion and new stan­dard of pub­lic wel­fare,” the fund leads many pub­lic-spir­ited peo­ple to ded­i­cate them­selves to the mis­sion of burn pre­ven­tion us­ing sci­en­tific ed­u­ca­tional meth­ods to help cre­ate beau­ti­ful fam­i­lies and re­alise the Chi­nese dream.

‘One Fewer Burned Child, One More Happy Fam­ily’ Cre­at­ing Beau­ti­ful Fam­i­lies

China So­cial Wel­fare Foun­da­tion’s Burn Care Pub­lic Wel­fare Fund ed­u­cates stu­dents.

Pre­vent­ing Ther­mal Burns across China Project was launched on May 21, 2018.

A teacher ex­plains how to prevent burns.

The fund works with chil­dren in ru­ral ar­eas.

The fund cre­ates printed ma­te­ri­als about burn pre­ven­tion.

Put­ting to­gether teach­ing aids cov­er­ing burn pre­ven­tion

Chil­dren read a book about burn pre­ven­tion.

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