KINGDOM OF ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ON THE PRAIRIE
Mongolia means “Fire of Eternity” or “Fire that Never Goes out.” It is a landlocked country in Asia that borders China to the east, south and west and is adjacent to Russia's Siberia region in the north. Ulan Bator is its capital and is also the largest city in the country.
Mongolia has an area of 1.56 million sq. km. It is the 17th largest country in the world but has quite a small population. The country covers part of the Gobi Desert and has a complex geological structure.
Mongolia features green grasslands that stretch to the horizon. Animal husbandry is Mongolia's traditional industry and has a close correlation with its land. This industry is the foundation of its national economy and the main source of raw materials for its processing industry and daily necessities. Mongolia is known as the “Kingdom of Animal Husbandry.” Sheep, cattle, horses, camels and other animals are raised here. Agricultural offerings include wheat, vegetables, potatoes and fodder crops. The industry also includes the processing of livestock products including meat, dairy and leather, which serve as some of Mongolia's main export products. The first things that usually come to people's minds when thinking about Mongolia are the blue sky, white clouds, green grass and clear waters that comprise its prairie scenery.
Mongolia brought visitors “Gifts from the Prairie” to the third “Colourful World” event, including 100 percent cashmere scarves and shirts; calcium-rich cheese and milk tea; must-have items for Mongolian yurts like copper boilers for cooking meat products; traditional folk cakes that are eaten during festivals; morin khuur, which is a special musical instrument on the prairie; sea-buckthorn juice and red plum juice, which are essential drinks for Mongolians; and others. The exhibition booth displayed many aspects of life in the grasslands and attracted many visitors. One said, “The cheese tastes very authentic. People should try it.'' Another mentioned: “The cashmere scarf feels good, and it feels like it would be great in the winter.” People enjoyed special exhibits about the prairie and learned about Mongolian culture.
Mining is also becoming a new engine for rapid economic development in Mongolia. The country is rich in mineral resources, and some of its deposits rank high among other countries, with no large-scale exploration and development being conducted.
Gang Hai was in charge of the country's exhibition booth at the ‘‘Colourful World'' event. She mentioned that she and her teammates have visited China many times for China-mongolia cultural exchanges and exhibition activities. Gang stated: “I am very interested in participating in these activities, which provide Mongolia with a platform for showcasing its national culture and characteristics. Next year will mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and Mongolia. The two countries have had good interactions in their economic and cultural engagements and have been trading partners for a long time. I believe that there will be more exciting activities next year. I hope that these activities can enable more and more Chinese friends to be able to learn about Mongolia.” The Belt and Road Initiative is underway and provides an important opportunity for the development of Mongolia. Gang expects her country to actively participate in the creation of the Belt and Road and leverage opportunities brought about by China's economic development to help drive new development in the country.