Sixty-nine Years of Re­form and Per­sis­tence

The Bei­jing In­sti­tute of Ar­chi­tec­tural De­sign (BIAD) has con­trib­uted to ur­ban de­vel­op­ment in the cap­i­tal city, im­proved qual­ity of life and pro­moted China’s ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign in­dus­try since the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Re­pub­lic of China in 1949.

Beijing (English) - - CONTENTS - Trans­lated by Re­becca Lou, Ni Weisi, Wang Wei Edited by David Ball

From Novem­ber 22 to De­cem­ber 8, 2018, an ex­hi­bi­tion show­cas­ing ar­chi­tec­tural works by the Bei­jing In­sti­tute of Ar­chi­tec­tural De­sign (BIAD) is be­ing held in the Na­tional Mu­seum of China in Bei­jing. The ex­hi­bi­tion show­cases how BIAD has con­trib­uted to ur­ban de­vel­op­ment in the cap­i­tal city, im­proved qual­ity of life and pro­moted China's ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign in­dus­try. BIAD, the first ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign in­sti­tute es­tab­lished af­ter the found­ing of the Peo­ple's Re­pub­lic of China (PRC) in 1949 and has be­come a lead­ing ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign firm in China. In Septem­ber 1949, Li Gongxia, then deputy sec­re­tary- gen­eral of the Peip­ing Mil­i­tary Man­age­ment Com­mit­tee and later deputy sec­re­tary- gen­eral of the Peo­ple's Gov­ern­ment of Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity, was tasked with cre­at­ing the pub­lic- owned Yong Mao Build­ing Com­pany where he worked as gen­eral man­ager. On Oc­to­ber 1, 1949, the first ple­nary ses­sion of the Chi­nese Peo­ple's Po­lit­i­cal Con­sul­ta­tive Con­fer­ence (CPPCC) was held in Bei­jing. On the same day that the coun­try cel­e­brated the found­ing of the PRC, the pre­de­ces­sor of BIAD—THE De­sign De­part­ment of Yong Mao Build­ing Com­pany—was also es­tab­lished.

Cre­ated in or­der to con­struct the cap­i­tal and BIAD has had nine dif­fer­ent names through­out its his­tory. How­ever, it has al­ways in­sisted on “us­ing in­ge­nu­ity and wis­dom to make the city more or­derly and el­e­gant, car­ry­ing for­ward the cul­tural her­itage of the Chi­nese na­tion through ar­chi­tec­ture and tak­ing up the mis­sion and re­spon­si­bil­i­ties of a State- owned en­ter­prise,” ex­plained Xu Quan­sheng, sec­re­tary of the Party com­mit­tee of China and pres­i­dent and gen­eral man­ager of BIAD.

Re­spon­si­bil­i­ties

A large-scale State-owned ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign con­sul­tancy, BIAD has stayed true to its mis­sion, gath­ered top tal­ent from the in­dus­try and op­er­ated as a van­guard within the in­dus­try.

BIAD is re­spon­si­ble for eight of the top 10 ma­jor build­ings con­structed in China since the found­ing of the PRC, the Tianan­men Square build­ings com­plex, build­ings along the land­mark Chang'an Av­enue, var­i­ous struc­tures along the north-south Cen­tral Axis, venues for the Asian Games and Olympic Games, res­i­den­tial houses, pub­lic build­ings and city land­marks. Dur­ing its 25,000 days in op­er­a­tion, BIAD has com­pleted more than 25,000 projects, over an area of more than 250 mil­lion square me­tres (sq.m).

Since the found­ing of the PRC and dur­ing 40 years of re­form and open­ing- up, BIAD has ad­hered to the po­lit­i­cal po­si­tion of “serv­ing the cap­i­tal and serv­ing the cen­tral gov­ern­ment.” It has cre­ated out­stand­ing works of ar­chi­tec­ture for the coun­try and the cap­i­tal as a so­cial­lyrecog­nised in­dus­try leader. BIAD is one of the top three ar­chi­tec­tural in­sti­tutes na­tion­wide, has con­sis­tently held the largest mar­ket share for high-end projects and leads its field in terms of awards. The in­sti­tute also plays a ma­jor role in the plan­ning and build­ing of in­fra­struc­ture in Bei­jing and across the coun­try.

Since its es­tab­lish­ment, BIAD has highly re­spected knowl­edge, tal­ent and in­no­va­tion. From the early days of the PRC'S found­ing, its de­sign­ers di­rectly re­ported to Chair­man Mao Ze­dong (1893–1976) and Pre­mier Zhou En­lai (1898–1976) on the con­struc­tion of the Great Hall of the Peo­ple. BIAD has an es­tab­lished cul­ture of bring­ing to­gether, cul­ti­vat­ing and us­ing high- end cre­ative de­sign tal­ent. Its num­ber one pri­or­ity is de­vel­op­ment, its most im­por­tant driv­ing force is in­no­va­tion and its key is tal­ent. Over the past 69 years, BIAD has brought to­gether many out­stand­ing de­sign­ers and cur­rently em­ploys one aca­demi­cian of the Chi­nese Academy of En­gi­neer­ing, 10 na­tional en­gi­neer­ing sur­vey and de­sign mas­ters, 62 ex­perts who en­joy spe­cial al­lowance of the State Coun­cil, 11 out­stand­ing ex­perts in Bei­jing, 40 re­searchers with doc­toral de­grees, 912 em­ploy­ees with mas­ter's de­grees and 301 reg­is­tered ar­chi­tects. Such a large amount of top tal­ent gives BIAD a real com­pet­i­tive ad­van­tage in the in­dus­try.

BIAD has par­tic­i­pated in and wit­nessed great changes in Bei­jing, a city where tra­di­tion and moder­nity co­ex­ist. The Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port, ‘‘ Ice Rib­bon” 2022 Win­ter Olympics venue and a se­ries of other de­sign works con­tinue to make his­tory in the hands of BIAD'S ar­chi­tects.

The New Air­port

Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port is a su­per­sized air­port that con­nects tra­di­tion and the fu­ture, China and the world. BIAD is the chief de­signer of this hub. It is lo­cated in the Bei­jing-tian­jin-He­bei re­gion.

“We have built a col­lab­o­ra­tive de­sign plat­form to en­gage de­sign­ers and dif­fer­ent types of pro­fes­sion­als in an ‘army mode' to com­plete all tech­ni­cal de­sign work in an ef­fi­cient, sci­en­tific and pre­cise way,” ex­plained Wang Yizhi, deputy di­rec­tor of the BIAD'S ar­chi­tec­tural no. 4 de­sign branch. The de­sign team achieved their goal of de­vis­ing an air­port that is “world-lead­ing in terms of con­struc­tion and a global bench­mark for other air­ports.”

The Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port is lo­cated at the junc­tion of Yufa Town, Lix­ian Town and Lang­fang City's Guangyang District. It is ap­prox­i­mately 46 kilo­me­tres (km) from Cen­tral Bei­jing, 81 km from Cen­tral Tian­jin and 55 km from Xiong'an New Area. Its ex­te­rior re­sem­bles a phoenix pre­par­ing to take flight. The over­all con­struc­tion area cov­ers around 1.4 mil­lion sq.m. Its ter­mi­nal area is a gi­ant cir­cu­lar shape with a di­am­e­ter of 1,200 me­tres (m). It runs 940 m from north to south and 1,080 m from east to west.

Ac­cord­ing to Wang Yizhi, land­mark build­ings such as the “Wa­ter Cube,” “Bird's Nest” and Bei­jing Rail­way Sta­tion can be used to in­ter­pret the in­no­va­tive­ness and unique­ness of the Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port. “The dis­tance between sup­ports in the Bei­jing New Air­port's cen­tral area is 200 m; so the pil­lar­less space could fit a ‘ Wa­ter Cube.'” In or­der to en­sure the in­tegrity of the roof and the cen­tral area's sup­port­ing struc­ture as well as the in­tegrity of the func­tional area, there is no seam on the 513-m-long and 411-m-wide con­crete slab cov­er­ing the air­port ter­mi­nal. Wang ex­plained: “This is the largest sin­gle con­crete slab in China. It's ca­pa­ble of sup­port­ing the ‘Bird's Nest.'”

In ad­di­tion to its ex­press­ways, the new air­port's huge un­der­ground rail tran­sit net­work is truly a pi­o­neer­ing feat that can be used by pas­sen­gers across the Bei­jing-tian­jin-he­bei re­gion. There are five lines on the outer pe­riph­ery of the air­port, con­nect­ing Bei­jing and Bazhou, the air­port ex­press rail, the R4/S6 lines, the re­served line and the in­ter­city rail between Lang­fang and Zhuozhou. In sim­pler terms, the east and west sides of the new air­port con­nect to in­ter­city and high-speed rail­ways, whilst the mid­dle three con­nect to air­port lines and sub­ways. The to­tal width of the plat­forms for the five lines is about 270 m, which is a true feat of en­gi­neer­ing equiv­a­lent to fit­ting the en­tire Bei­jing Rail­way Sta­tion into the ter­mi­nal build­ing.

One of the BIAD de­sign­ers' goals from the very be­gin­ning was to create a more com­pact and ef­fi­cient ter­mi­nal. For the first time, the new Bei­jing air­port has adopted a dou­ble- decked over­pass to meet long-term needs. There are two check-in floors in the build­ing, the bag­gage hall is spread over two floors and the land­ing-side func­tion

area has four floors. Wang com­mented: “Com­pared to the ex­ist­ing air­port, the dis­tances between each cor­ri­dor have been short­ened. Plus, although there are 82 gates in the ter­mi­nal, it will take pas­sen­gers less than eight min­utes to walk from the cen­tre of the ter­mi­nal to any of the board­ing gates.” Once pas­sen­gers get off the high-speed rail, there is an es­ca­la­tor lead­ing di­rectly into the ter­mi­nal. Such a con­ve­nient trans­fer de­sign is also first in the coun­try.

It takes im­mense ef­fort to achieve these world-class in­no­va­tions. The sep­a­ra­tion of the cen­tral zone and an­tivi­bra­tion tech­nol­ogy are the two big­gest chal­lenges. A de­signer ex­plained: “High­speed trains will travel through the ter­mi­nal build­ing at 300 km/h. So, we'll use layer-sep­a­rat­ing seis­mic tech­nol­ogy to al­le­vi­ate the ef­fect of vi­bra­tion in the un­der­ground track on the op­er­a­tion of the ter­mi­nal build­ing. The en­tire ter­mi­nal is built on solid ground, but propped up on 1,100 soft rub­ber mats, thus mak­ing the air­port the largest earth­quake-proof build­ing in the world.”

Be­neath the beau­ti­ful ex­te­rior is a roof­ing sys­tem de­signed us­ing highly in­ten­sive, ef­fi­cient and ac­cu­rate 3D mod­el­ling tech­niques. The main grid of the roof has also been op­ti­mised us­ing com­puter in­tel­li­gence and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion.

The T1 build­ing at the north end of the Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port is cur­rently un­der con­struc­tion. Upon com­ple­tion, it will be able to han­dle the through­put of 45 mil­lion pas­sen­gers an­nu­ally at a rate of 12,600 pas­sen­gers per hour at peak times, which is equiv­a­lent to the to­tal of the Cap­i­tal In­ter­na­tional Air­port's T3. A satel­lite ter­mi­nal will be added to the south side in the near fu­ture to in­crease the through­put to 72 mil­lion pas­sen­gers an­nu­ally and ca­pac­ity de­mand to 19,500 pas­sen­gers per hour at peak times by 2025, which is equiv­a­lent to the to­tal ca­pac­ity of the Cap­i­tal Air­port's T1, T2 and T3. A new ter­mi­nal is planned in the long-run for the south­ern end of the ter­mi­nal area to achieve the even­tual tar­get of serv­ing 100 mil­lion pas­sen­gers per year. Peo­ple are ea­gerly await­ing the un­veil­ing of the world's largest air­port un­der con­struc­tion—the Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port.

‘Ice Rib­bon’

With its suc­cess­ful bid for the 2022 Win­ter Olympics, Bei­jing will be­come the world's first city to host both the Sum­mer and Win­ter Olympics. BIAD has also be­come one of only a few ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign agen­cies in the world to have de­signed venues for both Sum­mer and Win­ter Games. For the 2022 Bei­jing Win­ter Olympics, BIAD un­der­took the re­spon­si­bil­ity for de­sign­ing and con­sult­ing on two new venues in­clud­ing the Na­tional Speed Skat­ing Oval and ren­o­vat­ing seven venues in­clud­ing the Na­tional Sta­dium. At present, BIAD is ac­tively par­tic­i­pat­ing in the de­sign and con­struc­tion of the venues for the Bei­jing 2022 Win­ter Olympics.

The Na­tional Speed Skat­ing Oval, fea­tur­ing 22 “ice rib­bons” wrap­ping around its fa­cade, cov­ers an area of 14,000 sq.m. Through a di­vi­sion of dif­fer­ent ice sur­faces, it can meet com­pe­ti­tion re­quire­ments for speed skat­ing, short track skat­ing, fig­ure skat­ing, curl­ing, ice hockey and bandy. Nick­named the “Ice Rib­bon,” it is a new land­mark for the Win­ter Olympics and de­rives its de­sign con­cept from the com­bi­na­tion of ice and speed. The rib­bons that run from low to high along the curved ex­te­rior wall re­sem­ble the tracks of a speed skater trav­el­ling at high speed. The 22 “ice rib­bons” also sym­bol­ise the 2022 Win­ter Olympics.

The “Ice Rib­bon” fea­tures a sad­dle­shaped roof. Zhao Weizhong, deputy di­rec­tor of BIAD'S ar­chi­tec­tural no. 2 de­sign branch ex­plained: “This roof is the largest-span­ning or­thog­o­nal bi-di­rec­tional sin­gle-layer sad­dle-shaped cable net roof in the world. It is ap­prox­i­mately 200 m in length and about 130 m wide. Our team sim­u­lated thou­sands of dif­fer­ent sce­nar­ios to achieve the op­ti­mal struc­ture, and what's more, it only uses a quar­ter of the steel needed for a tra­di­tional steel roof.” A to­tal of 3,360 pieces of glass will form the sur­face of the “ice rib­bon.” These beau­ti­ful and el­e­gant “rib­bons” are an im­por­tant part of the cur­tain wall's steel struc­ture, pro­vide shade and help re­duce en­ergy needs. Sep­a­rate tem­per­a­ture con­trol and waste heat util­i­sa­tion fea­tures have also been in­cor­po­rated and help em­body a green, smart, sus­tain­able venue.

BIAD has for­mu­lated uni­form tech­ni­cal and de­sign stan­dards and re­quire­ments in strict ac­cor­dance with the de­mands of the In­ter­na­tional Olympic Com­mit­tee, the Or­gan­is­ing Com­mit­tee of the 2022 Olympic Win­ter Games and the mu­nic­i­pal gov­ern­ment. It aims to build venues ac­cord­ing to a high stan­dard and demon­strate the achieve­ments of a Sta­te­owned en­ter­prise.

De­sign­ers ex­plained: “The de­sign and con­struc­tion pe­riod for the project are very lim­ited. We only had 10 months to create the de­sign, so it re­ally was a race against the clock.” The main struc­ture of the “Ice Rib­bon” project has now been con­structed. The over­all project will be com­pleted by the end of 2019, and the venue will be ready for test com­pe­ti­tions in 2020.

Cul­tural Con­fi­dence

BIAD'S head­quar­ters are lo­cated at 62 Nan­lishi Lu in Xicheng District, Bei­jing, amidst golden ginkgo trees. It is easy to rub shoul­ders with some of the minds and mas­ters be­hind many of Bei­jing's great­est works of en­gi­neer­ing here.

Zhun­gong­fang Work­shop

The Zhun­gong­fang Work­shop, lo­cated in BIAD'S 2A2 De­sign De­part­ment, has a strong tra­di­tion of ar­chi­tec­tural art and ar­ti­sanal spirit. The work­benches there are cov­ered with tools such as planes, chis­els, adzes and hack­saws. Xie Changqing, a fifth-gen­er­a­tion in­her­i­tor of ar­chi­tec­tural mod­el­mak­ing ex­plained that few young peo­ple are will­ing to learn the craft nowa­days and that he is hav­ing dif­fi­culty find­ing an ap­pren­tice. The in­dex fin­ger on his right hand has grown shorter af­ter years work­ing with tools—per­haps this is the price that crafts­men pay for car­ry­ing on this an­cient tra­di­tional skill.

Tra­di­tional Chi­nese wooden ar­chi­tec­ture is an im­por­tant part of Chi­nese cul­ture and tech­nol­ogy and plays an im­por­tant role in the world of ar­chi­tec­ture. Dougong in­ter­lock­ing-brack­ets are one such im­por­tant el­e­ment used in tra­di­tional Chi­nese wooden struc­tures.

BIAD has es­tab­lished a train­ing and ex­change plat­form to pro­mote an­cient Chi­nese wood­work­ing, en­gage the pub­lic and carry on the craft.

“The Zhun­gong­fang Work­shop has been around for six years; its prac­ti­cal role can't be un­der­es­ti­mated,” ex­plained Di­rec­tor of the 2A2 De­sign De­part­ment Mi Jun­ren. “Ar­chi­tects can feel the char­ac­ter­is­tics of the ma­te­ri­als, the me­chan­ics and vi­tal­ity of the build­ings. Their own sys­tems of think­ing will change, which will in turn af­fect their cre­ation. Through this plat­form, ar­chi­tects can be­come in­spired by an­cient wis­dom to think and in­no­vate, ex­plore and achieve.”

At present, the work­shop is ex­plor­ing “China's Lego”— dougong— a se­ries of in­ter­lock­ing wooden brack­ets which can be as­sem­bled ac­cord­ing to dif­fer­ent lev­els of dif­fi­culty, cre­at­ing struc­tures as com­pli­cated as wholes palaces. Re­porters were at­tracted by a set of newly de­vel­oped “big fish dougong” brack­ets, which are not only liked by chil­dren, but also by adults who love ar­chi­tec­ture.

Bei­jing Fun

BIAD has al­ways fo­cused on the in­her­i­tance and in­no­va­tion of tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture. This is both the com­pany's goal and a re­spon­si­bil­ity it should bear as its em­ploy­ees are hugely con­fi­dent in Chi­nese cul­ture. When vis­it­ing Bei­jing Fun, a com­mer­cial com­plex in Dashilar, Qian­men de­signed by BIAD, one can ex­pe­ri­ence the changes of the cen­tury-old street and en­joy an as­sort­ment of western and Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­tural styles along the bustling thor­ough­fare. The de­sign of the com­plex fur­ther high­lights BIAD'S con­tin­u­a­tion, in­no­va­tion and in­te­gra­tion of tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture.

Dashilar was once the busiest com­mer­cial street in Bei­jing, but many of its build­ings had to be re­built fol­low­ing a se­ri­ous fire in 1900. Most of the re­con­structed build­ings were built in a western style and turned the area into a modern place at the time. Af­ter the found­ing of the PRC in 1949, Dashilar be­came one of the city's ma­jor com­mer­cial cen­tres and so the tra­di­tional Chi­nese build­ings, old street lay­out, com­mer­cial es­tab­lish­ments and folk cus­toms have been pre­served dur­ing the city's rapid ur­ban de­vel­op­ment.

Wang Yu, head of the de­sign team for Bei­jing Fun and a su­per­vi­sor at BIAD, ex­plained: “Dur­ing the plan­ning stages, we paid spe­cial at­ten­tion to re­tain­ing the lo­cal res­i­dents' ways of life. Our aim was to fur­ther pro­mote the com­mer­cial cul­ture of old Bei­jing ac­cord­ing to the prin­ci­ples of im­prov­ing peo­ple's liveli­hoods, pro­tect­ing tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­tural re­sources and ad­vanc­ing eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment.”

The fourth floor of Bei­jing Fun fea­tures a ter­race, from where vis­i­tors can look out over a sea of tra­di­tional si­heyuan (court­yard homes) con­tain­ing build­ings

with wooden roofs, which are con­sid­ered char­ac­ter­is­tic of old Bei­jing. The out­door cor­ri­dors on its sec­ond and third floors com­bine with the nearby si­heyuan to re­pro­duce the lay­out of old Bei­jing's com­mer­cial street con­tain­ing build­ings with Ming and Qing dy­nasty fea­tures and com­mer­cial es­tab­lish­ments with western and Chi­nese el­e­ments con­structed dur­ing the late Qing Dy­nasty and early Re­pub­lic of China pe­riod. Bei­jing Fun also in­cludes the re­stored Quanyechang, Bei­jing's first large and modern de­part­ment store de­vel­oped in 1923, as well as other re­stored his­tor­i­cal build­ings, such as Yien Yieh Com­mer­cial Bank, Jiao­tong Bank and Qianx­i­angyi Silk Store. Other busi­nesses in­clude cul­tural and artis­tic cen­tre, book­shops, cre­ative en­ter­prises, stu­dios and restau­rants. The de­sign of Bei­jing Fun was cre­ated by BIAD and shows a clever in­te­gra­tion of the com­plex's eight build­ings and the en­tire street in terms of size, style and colour. BIAD has in­cor­po­rated var­i­ous styles from an­cient China or western coun­tries in its de­sign of the com­plex, re­flect­ing a strong cul­tural self-con­fi­dence.

BIAD has ad­hered to the prin­ci­ple of pre­serv­ing the authen­tic lay­out of the city's old ur­ban ar­eas in the plan­ning of Bei­jing Fun by ren­o­vat­ing and re­con­struct­ing key build­ings and com­bin­ing tra­di­tional Chi­nese styles with modern el­e­ments to de­velop new build­ings. By fo­cus­ing on de­vel­op­ing new build­ings that in­te­grate his­tor­i­cal el­e­ments and modern lives, BIAD is help­ing to show­case the area's rich cul­tural and busi­ness en­vi­ron­ment.

In 2005, BIAD be­gan putting to­gether its de­tailed plans for the con­struc­tion of Bei­jing Fun. On May 18, 2012, the de­sign for Area C in Dashilar was launched, and on Jan­uary 16, 2017, con­struc­tion of Bei­jing Fun was com­pleted. BIAD made painstak­ing ef­forts into the more than decade-long project, bring­ing in fa­mous de­sign­ers to par­tic­i­pate in the de­vel­op­ment of the project in­clud­ing: Zhu Xiaodi and Wu Chen from BIAD; Zhu Wenyi and Bian Lanchun from Ts­inghua Univer­sity; and Cui Kai, Wang Shiren and Qi Xin from the China Ar­chi­tec­ture De­sign & Re­search Group.

BIAD has a prom­i­nent po­si­tion within the Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign in­dus­try and the in­sti­tute in­vested huge amounts of hu­man re­sources to com­plete the Bei­jing Fun project. Be­sides the de­sign of the eight build­ings, project leader Wu Chen led his team mem­bers in cre­at­ing every­thing from the con­struc­tion plans to sched­ules for the sub-ground spa­ces. The plan for Bei­jing Fun also in­cluded the com­pre­hen­sive restora­tion of Quanyechang. Ac­cord­ing to the plans, Bei­jing Fun would be­come a cul­tural ex­change and ex­hi­bi­tion cen­tre show­cas­ing tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture, lo­cal Bei­jing cul­ture and re­gional cul­tures from around China and the world. It would also be­come a high­light in restor­ing the city's old ur­ban lay­out and hence be­come the city's ‘‘re­cep­tion room.”

Gen­eral man­ager of BIAD, Xu Quan­sheng, ex­plained: “BIAD re­ally un­der­stands the aes­thet­ics of Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­ture. Ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign is the com­bi­na­tion of art and tech­nol­ogy, and BIAD al­ways keeps pace with the times. When­ever there is a ma­jor project to be de­signed in Bei­jing, those in-the-know will think of us first. That's our aim and com­mit­ment be­cause we are the lead­ing civil en­gi­neer­ing en­ter­prise in China.”

In­ter­pre­ta­tion of In­ter­na­tional Style

Apart from con­serv­ing and de­vel­op­ing tra­di­tional cul­ture, BIAD also in­sists on us­ing an in­ter­na­tional lan­guage to in­ter­pret the self- con­fi­dence in Chi­nese cul­ture. The 2014 APEC Sum­mit (Bei­jing) was held in the Yanqi Lake In­ter­na­tional Con­ven­tion & Ex­hi­bi­tion Cen­ter, which was de­signed by BIAD un­der the theme of han­tang feiyan (“fly­ing Han and Tang”). This stun­ning build­ing, which per­fectly blends tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture with modern ar­chi­tec­ture, has at­tracted world­wide at­ten­tion ever since its un­veil­ing.

For the 2016 G20 Hangzhou sum­mit, BIAD, as the over­all co­or­di­na­tor of the de­sign, once again at­tracted global at­ten­tion by adopt­ing the con­cept of shuimo Zhong­guo (“China in Ink and Wash”) to show­case the style of a big coun­try and the char­ac­ter­is­tics of a re­gion criss-crossed with rivers.

Based on its mar­itime cul­ture, tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture and re­gional cul­tural el­e­ments of Fu­jian Prov­ince, BIAD adopted a modern in­ter­na­tional lan­guage and sub­tle ex­pres­sions to create the venue for the 2017 Xi­a­men BRICS Sum­mit

and its re­laxed, el­e­gant spa­ces.

These build­ings pro­vide a stage for Chi­nese diplo­macy, wit­ness the self­con­fi­dence of a ris­ing power, em­body the re­spon­si­bil­ity and tire­less ef­forts in pro­mot­ing the build­ing of a com­mu­nity with a shared fu­ture, and add to the con­fi­dence and vis­i­bil­ity of sta­te­owned en­ter­prises.

Tech­no­log­i­cal In­no­va­tion

To­day's BIAD is a na­tional high-tech en­ter­prise with sci­en­tific, tech­no­log­i­cal and cul­tural in­no­va­tion ca­pa­bil­i­ties. It is a large State-owned ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign firm that chiefly pro­vides sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy ser­vices which ac­cel­er­ate the con­struc­tion of high-tech eco­nomic struc­tures in Bei­jing and across China.

Lin Wei, di­rec­tor of the In­for­ma­tion & Net­work De­part­ment of BIAD and di­rec­tor of the BIM Re­search De­part­ment ex­plained: “Dur­ing the 40 years of re­form and open­ing- up, BIAD has won more than 650 na­tional de­sign and re­search awards in­clud­ing the China Zhan Tianyou Civil En­gi­neer­ing Prize, plus over 1,100 awards for de­sign and re­search at the mu­nic­i­pal level. In re­cent years es­pe­cially, BIAD has been at the fore­front of the in­dus­try in terms of im­por­tance and num­ber of awards it has won each year. These achieve­ments have laid a solid foun­da­tion in al­low­ing us to ac­cel­er­ate the trans­for­ma­tion of sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy re­sults and pro­mote in­dus­tri­al­i­sa­tion. BIAD is be­com­ing a dig­i­tal de­sign en­ter­prise in the In­ter­net- era and is pro­mot­ing ur­ban re­vi­tal­i­sa­tion through dig­i­tal R& D.” Fo­cus­ing on smart de­sign, smart build­ings, smart parks and smart ci­ties, Lin con­tin­ued: “We're also in­volved in the de­vel­op­ment of the Xiong'an dig­i­tal plan­ning plat­form in Xiong'an New Area.” BIAD has es­tab­lished a sound sci­en­tific re­search and in­no­va­tion sys­tem, amassed a large num­ber of de­sign and sci­en­tific re­search re­sults, and has ad­van­tages do­mes­ti­cally and in­ter­na­tion­ally. These ad­van­tages are in fields such as su­per­sized com­pli­cated spa­tial struc­tures, seis­mic strength­en­ing, build­ing in­for­ma­tion mod­el­ling tech­nol­ogy, green build­ing and res­i­den­tial in­dus­tri­al­i­sa­tion.

Chi­nese build­ings make use of home­grown sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy and prod­ucts to show­case the coun­try's tra­di­tional cul­ture. BIAD is an ex­am­ple of a firm us­ing de­sign to in­te­grate Chi­nese cul­ture and tech­nol­ogy into ar­chi­tec­ture. One can learn more about it by vis­it­ing the BIAD'S BDD Dig­i­tal Ex­pe­ri­ence Cen­tre in Bei­jing and putting on VR glasses to take an im­mer­sive jour­ney through ar­chi­tec­tural tech­nol­ogy.

The Phoenix In­ter­na­tional Me­dia Cen­ter, in­de­pen­dently cre­ated by BIAD, uses dig­i­tal tech­nol­ogy to ex­plore tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion in terms of ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign con­trol, en­gi­neer­ing col­lab­o­ra­tion, pro­cess­ing and con­struc­tion, and eco­log­i­cal strat­egy, with pre­ci­sion man­u­fac­tur­ing-grade ar­chi­tec­tural re­sults. The build­ing is a wholly orig­i­nal de­sign con­structed en­tirely by Chi­nese ar­chi­tects. Lin ex­plained: “It's no ex­ag­ger­a­tion to say that we Chi­nese used this build­ing as an op­por­tu­nity to

carry out a dig­i­tal ‘rev­o­lu­tion' to a cer­tain ex­tent.” Us­ing the con­cept of big data and geo­met­ric con­trol the­ory, the Phoenix In­ter­na­tional Me­dia Cen­ter has formed a “sam­ple” of Chi­nese peo­ple's home­grown dig­i­tal de­sign, hav­ing up­graded the coun­try's dig­i­tal de­sign and fur­thered the progress of the do­mes­tic con­struc­tion in­dus­try. As such, this build­ing is of great pi­o­neer­ing sig­nif­i­cance.

BIAD has al­ways re­mained prag­matic when faced by chal­leng­ing de­signs. The in­sti­tute has made break­throughs in sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal re­search for projects such as the Five-hun­dred-me­tre Aper­ture Spher­i­cal ra­dio Tele­scope (FAST) and also achieved tasks as­signed by the State. BIAD has won such hon­ours as the “FAST En­gi­neer­ing Con­struc­tion Award for Unit with Out­stand­ing Con­tri­bu­tion” and the “Bei­jing Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy First Prize.” Of the in­sti­tute's patent ap­pli­ca­tions, five have been granted and six have en­tered the re­view stage. Once again, this demon­strates to the world that Chi­nese de­sign has achieved the quan­tum leap from Made in China to Cre­ated in China.

BIAD and the City

BIAD'S works are land­marks scat­tered across ma­jor ci­ties. Iconic build­ings such as the Great Hall of the Peo­ple, the Na­tional Cen­tre for the Per­form­ing Arts, China Zun Tower and the Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port will be­come col­lec­tive mem­o­ries for peo­ple in the city. Im­pres­sions of these mem­o­ries will in turn af­fect Chi­nese peo­ple's per­cep­tions of ar­chi­tec­ture and the city.

The ex­hi­bi­tion of ar­chi­tec­tural works is be­ing jointly hosted by the State- owned As­sets Su­per­vi­sion and Ad­min­is­tra­tion Com­mis­sion of the Peo­ple's Gov­ern­ment of Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal­ity and BIAD. It is guided by Xi Jin­ping Thought on So­cial­ism with Chi­nese Char­ac­ter­is­tics for a New Era, and is based on the con­cept of “sym­bio­sis between BIAD and the con­struc­tion and de­vel­op­ment of the cap­i­tal city.” The ex­hi­bi­tion re­views the de­vel­op­ment his­tory of BIAD and shares and sums up the BIAD'S ar­chi­tec­tural works over the past 69 years, es­pe­cially dur­ing the 40 years of re­form and open­ing-up through ex­hibits, lec­tures and fo­rums, with a view to serv­ing the con­struc­tion of the cap­i­tal and the de­vel­op­ment of the coun­try.

The ex­hi­bi­tion is com­posed of three parts: the 80-m-long Ex­hi­bi­tion Wall, the Cap­i­tal Model of the cen­tral area and the Time Tun­nel. The Ex­hi­bi­tion Wall slowly un­folds to re­veal three chap­ters ti­tled “foun­da­tion of the coun­try, pros­per­ing coun­try,” “great progress” and “clas­sics in a flour­ish­ing age.” They give an over­view of BIAD'S de­vel­op­ment. They ex­am­ine the in­sti­tute's trans­for­ma­tion from small be­gin­nings to its cur­rent scale and qual­ity de­vel­op­ment and its trans­for­ma­tion from ma­te­rial to spir­i­tual progress, all dur­ing three dif­fer­ent eras since the found­ing of new China. BIAD uses ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign to shape China's im­age, help China go global and achieve its great re­ju­ve­na­tion. The ex­hi­bi­tion ex­plains BIAD'S con­tri­bu­tions to build­ing the cap­i­tal and de­vel­op­ing its ur­ban ar­eas through pic­tures, text, mod­els, his­tor­i­cal arte­facts, manuscripts, draw­ings, cer­tifi­cates, videos and au­dio.

The Cap­i­tal Model de­buts at the ex­hi­bi­tion. The 10.3 m x 6 m model de­picts build­ings from between Dawang Lu in the east and Gongzhufen in the west, as well as the city between the North and South Sec­ond Ring Roads. All the build­ings in the area are shown in the model and projects BIAD has par­tic­i­pated in over the past 69 years are marked. The large-scale model presents the sym­bio­sis of BIAD and the cap­i­tal in the cen­tral area in an in­tu­itive way.

In the Time Tun­nel— a rel­a­tively in­de­pen­dent and closed im­mer­sive ex­pe­ri­ence area— one can “visit” two of BIAD'S na­tional- level key projects for the new era via sim­u­la­tions of the Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port and Na­tional Speed Skat­ing Oval. Here, one can en­joy your­self charms of the “Sky­bridge” and the danc­ing “Ice Rib­bon.”

From its key work in the early days of the PRC, to its trans­for­ma­tion into a key strength since re­form and open­ing-up and its par­tic­i­pa­tion in and con­struc­tion of na­tional key projects in the new era, BIAD has been ex­plor­ing ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign for 69 years and grow­ing to­gether with the cap­i­tal.

With its vi­sion of “Build­ing the Most Valu­able Brand En­ter­prise in China's Con­struc­tion In­dus­try,” BIAD ad­heres to the phi­los­o­phy of “build­ings that serve so­ci­ety, de­signs that create value” and the man­age­ment con­cepts of “open­ness, co­op­er­a­tion, in­no­va­tion, and win-win re­sults.” BIAD makes full use of its com­pre­hen­sive ad­van­tages in de­sign, re­search, tal­ent and tech­nolo­gies to en­hance its core com­pet­i­tive­ness in an all-around man­ner and main­tain its lead­ing de­sign level and orig­i­nal abil­ity amidst fierce mar­ket com­pe­ti­tion.

BIAD has as­sumed its re­spon­si­bil­ity in ful­fill­ing dreams and is ex­plor­ing fu­ture ur­ban de­vel­op­ment through in­no­va­tion.

It is also con­tribut­ing to the de­vel­op­ment of the in­dus­try, the pros­per­ity of ar­chi­tec­tural de­sign and the de­vel­op­ment of Bei­jing into a world- class, har­mo­nious and live­able cap­i­tal.

Pho­tos by Xiu Yuchen, Xu Xiaop­ing, Julio Pan­toja (Ar­gentina) and cour­tesy of the Bei­jing Or­gan­is­ing Com­mit­tee for the 2022 Olympic and Par­a­lympic Win­ter Games

The Bei­jing Dax­ing In­ter­na­tional Air­port is one of BIAD’S ma­jor projects and cur­rently un­der con­struc­tion.

A ren­der­ing of the Na­tional Speed Skat­ing Oval (“Ice Rib­bon,” a venue for the Bei­jing 2022 Win­ter Olympics) de­signed by BIAD

Part of the Bei­jing Fun com­plex de­signed by BIAD, which com­bines tra­di­tional Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­tural style and Western el­e­ments

Yanqi Lake In­ter­na­tional Con­ven­tion Cen­tre was de­signed by BIAD and hosts many ma­jor in­ter­na­tional events.

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