Research on the Evaluation of Commerce Development Efficiency in Beijing
Abstract：Commerce development efficiency is the important symbol for us to measure the regional commerce development level. With the help of BBC model and super-efficiency model of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)，the author establishes an evaluation index system taking local fiscal expenditure，fixed assets investment volume，consumption expenditure per capita，and number of employees at the end of the year as the input indexes，and local commerce product，total retail sales of consumer goods，and commodity trading volume as the output indexes，and carries out the empirical analysis on data of different districts in Beijing from 2013 to 2015. It is found that：differences of commerce development efficiency in different districts are significant； the overall DEA of Beijing commerce development efficiency，which demonstrates the situation of fluctuation，is effective；and the development efficiency of 7 districts is lower. To further improve the commerce development efficiency of Beijing，we should，first，optimize fiscal expenditure and improve investment in fixed assets；second，we should optimize the structure and quality of employees；third，we should adjust the business type and promote the improvement and development of commodity trading markets；and fourth，we should，give play to the role of coordination effect and improve the gross product of commerce and commodity trading volume.
Key words：commerce；development efficiency；technical efficiency；Data Envelopment Analysis