China’s suc­cess in clean en­ergy in­spires Poland

China Daily (Canada) - - BUSINESS - By CHEN JIA in Kryn­ica, Poland

Liu Hong, an of­fi­cial in what was one of China’s most pol­luted re­gions three years ago, did not ex­pect to be in­tro­duc­ing for­eign busi­ness lead­ers the city’s suc­cess story in im­prov­ing air qual­ity.

Af­ter a flight across six time zones to Poland, Liu, deputy di­rec­tor of the For­eign and Over­seas Chi­nese Af­fairs Of­fice in Zhengzhou, He­nan prov­ince, was in­vited to a series of meet­ings with en­trepreneurs from Cen­tral and Eastern Europe, a re­gion known as the CEE.

He was asked to dis­cuss the mea­sures Zhengzhou took to tackle air pol­lu­tion, as some cities in the CEE, such as Warsaw in Poland, face sim­i­lar en­vi­ron­men­tal is­sues.

“The pro­mo­tion of clean en­ergy us­age has been the key to im­prov­ing air qual­ity in re­cent years,” Liu said.

Ac­cord­ing to Liu, Zhengzhou has taken mea­sures to con­trol tra­di­tional en­ergy con­sump­tion such as coal — the area’s ma­jor source of PM2.5 par­tic­u­late mat­ter — and to the use of clean en­ergy.

Since 2016, the city has re­duced coal con­sump­tion by 3.72 mil­lion met­ric tons, re­duc­ing coal con­sump­tion as a pro­por­tion of to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion to be­low 63 per­cent, Liu said.

Mo­tor ve­hi­cle ex­haust fumes, the sec­ond-high­est cause of air pol­lu­tion in Zhengzhou, have also been con­trolled through ac­cel­er­at­ing the elim­i­na­tion of “yel­low-la­bel” ve­hi­cles, which fall be­low cer­tain emis­sion stan­dards, and ac­tively pro­mot­ing new en­ergy ve­hi­cles.

In the past two years, the city has in­vested 2.68 bil­lion yuan ($389 mil­lion) and pur­chased 1,868 new en­ergy buses.

Zhengzhou Yu­tong Bus Co Ltd, a lead­ing pro­ducer of new en­ergy au­to­mo­biles, is one ex­am­ple Liu out­lined.

“The com­pany’s new en­ergy buses can ef­fec­tively re­duce 2.42 mil­lion tons of car­bon diox­ide emis­sions per year, equiv­a­lent to the an­nual car­bon diox­ide ab­sorp­tion of 2,000 pro­mote hectares of broad-leaved for­est.”

Yu­tong is just one among many ex­plor­ers and in­no­va­tors in China’s new en­ergy sec­tor. The com­pany launched the Na­tional Re­search Cen­ter on Elec­tronic Con­trol and Safety En­gi­neer­ing Tech­nol­ogy of Elec­tric Buses, China’s first tech­ni­cal cen­ter for new en­ergy buses. It has the largest new en­ergy bus man­u­fac­tur­ing base in China and was also the first com­pany world­wide to com­plete the trial op­er­a­tion of an un­manned bus.

“We have com­mu­ni­cated with Chi­nese en­ter­prises, in­clud­ing Yu­tong, and they have suc­cess­ful ex­pe­ri­ences in de­vel­op­ing new and clean en­ergy,” said Marcin Roszkowski, pres­i­dent of the Jagiel­lonian In­sti­tute in Poland.

“Un­der the Paris Agree­ment on cli­mate change, China has made a no­table pledge to re­duce emis­sions by 2023. We are try­ing to find proper meth­ods and to im­ple­ment China’s ex­am­ple in Poland,” he said.

Poland’s eco­nomic and in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment still re­lies sig­nif­i­cantly on coal, which ac­counts for about 80 per­cent of its en­ergy con­sump­tion. The govern­ment listed ac­cel­er­at­ing the re­struc­tur­ing of its en­ergy in­dus­try as one of its key tasks.

In ad­di­tion, lo­cal en­ter­prises are un­der pres­sure to adapt to the Eu­ro­pean Union’s higher stan­dards on car­bon diox­ide emis­sions. Us­ing liq­ue­fied nat­u­ral gas and other al­ter­na­tive fu­els could be a way to im­prove air qual­ity in Poland.

In the face of in­creas­ing ten­sion over en­ergy and re­sources, con­tin­u­ously se­vere air pol­lu­tion and stricter emis­sions laws, the de­vel­op­ment of new en­ergy buses has be­come an in­evitable choice for the global trans­porta­tion in­dus­try, said Pawel Jakubowski, CEO of Pol­skie LNG, the oper­a­tor of an LNG ter­mi­nal in Poland.

“We are look­ing for­ward to co­op­er­at­ing with Chi­nese com­pa­nies to co-de­velop new en­ergy prod­ucts and to pro­mote the re­struc­tur­ing of Poland’s en­ergy con­sump­tion,” he said.

The Paris Agree­ment, signed in De­cem­ber 2015, of­fers a prag­matic blue­print for re­solv­ing one of the tough­est is­sues so­ci­ety faces: air qual­ity. The aim of the agree­ment is to limit the growth in the global av­er­age tem­per­a­ture to well be­low 2 de­grees Cel­sius above the pre-in­dus­trial level.

The pro­mo­tion of clean en­ergy us­age has been the key to im­prov­ing air qual­ity in re­cent years.”

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