Experts highlight the dangers of sugar
As Chinese children consume more sugar-sweetened beverages, experts are advising authorities to impose a sugar tax to reduce the health risks that such drinks may bring.
The World Health Organization has long appealed to countries to levy a sugar tax to reduce obesity and diabetes among children, and where this has been done, the results appear positive.
In Mexico, for example, a 10 percent tax on sugar-sweetened beverages was introduced in 2014. Two years later, the country saw a 5.5 percent drop in purchases of such drinks, followed by a 9.7 percent drop the second year. The largest declines were seen in the lowest socioeconomic groups.
“There are no related policies for sugar-sweetened beverages in China, and that’s a major policy gap that needs to be addressed,” says Douglas James Noble, deputy representative of the United Nations Children’s Fund. “While children suffering from stunting and wasting are still present in China, obesity is steeply on the rise.”
He strongly suggests that it’s necessary for China to impose mandatory measures, such as a sugar tax, to provide a healthier environment for children.
Chinese children’s consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages almost doubled from 1998 to 2008, according to a report released on May 18 by Peking University and UNICEF.
The survey found that children in China’s urban areas drank an average of 476 milliliters of sugary drinks daily in 2008, compared with 220 ml in 1998.
Ma Guansheng, chief editor of the report and director of the nutrition and food department at Peking University, says that even though the data is a decade old, it shows a general trend.
Experts have warned that sugarsweetened beverages might put children’s health at risk, increasing the possibility of obesity, tooth decay and Type 2 diabetes.
Ma says there is no doubt that drinking sugar-sweetened beverages will increase the chance a child will become obese.
“It will directly increase the energy intake of children, which will stimulate the kids’ appetite,” he says.
According to a 2015 survey published by the New England Journal of Medicine, China’s child obesity rate ranked highest among the 195 countries surveyed and is one of the fastest-growing in the world.
“It was also easy to connect the excessive intake of sugary drinks with children’s decayed teeth,” Ma says.
The fourth National Oral Health Survey in 2015 found that 5-year-old Chinese had a 70.9 percent chance of tooth decay, an increase of 5.8 percentage points in 10 years.
Ma also advises staying alert to other foods that contain added sugar — for example, cakes and pastries.
There is no world standard for what a child’s daily consumption of sugary drinks should be. But the report said that daily consumption of such drinks by Chinese children far surpassed some other countries.