China and Italy are linked by past and future
History and culture are both deep-rooted as the two countries forge a new path together
On June 2, Italy celebrates its National Day, la Festa della Repubblica. We commemorate the day the institutional referendum was held in 1946, following the end of WWII and the fall of fascism, calling the Italian people to the polls to decide on the form of government they preferred, either monarchy or republic. The majority of Italians favored the republic, therefore ending the monarchy. The Italian republic was thus established in pursuit of peace, progress and future prosperity. These same principles still hold true, now as then. Celebrating Italian national day means recalling such a sense of continuity and rejuvenating Italy’s confidence in the future. We have many good reasons to stay confident in what’s ahead of us: In 2017, Italy consolidated its path of full economic recovery, with positive growth also in terms of employment, exports and share of global trade.
Italy, like China, has gained a lot from going global in recent times: They both share the idea that the only way to fully reap the benefits of globalization while defusing any side-effects is through dialogue, consultation and mutual understanding. These three words are not obsolete; in fact, they refer to the most useful tools in the international community’s hands.
The comprehensive strategic partnership between Italy and China, as built up and reinforced in the recent past, can be taken as a good example of what is meant by those words. In the last few years, the political and economic ties between Italy and China have experienced a new impetus. There has been a continuous stream of top-level visits, forging day-by-day the willingness to further promote our bilateral strategic partnership. On every occasion, Italy and China signed important bilateral agreements in areas such as health, science, technology, space exploration and food safety.
Our partnership has potential beyond our imagination. Italy and China are the top two countries in the world for the number of sites included on the UNESCO World Heritage list. Indeed, the first twinning was launched last January, between Verona and Hangzhou’s West Lake. But our cooperation is not limited to the celebration of past history and beauty. We are able to look ahead and string together our most innovative scientific knowledge. In February, for instance, our two heads of State celebrated the launch of the “China Seismo Electromagnetic Satellite”, an unprecedented joint project to study earthquake-prone areas from space.
Italy has a lot to offer to contribute achieving the goal, set by President Xi Jinping, of developing a “Beautiful China”: Sustainable urbanization, health services, green tech, clean energy and smart design are all areas in which the Italian productive system excels. It is a talent inspired by our history, especially by the Renaissance, and that fits particularly well with the Chinese leadership’s objectives.
As China pursues qualitative development and further opens up its economy, Italy’s exports to China in all these sectors are substantially increasing month after month. In 2017, our exports to China went up by almost 22 percent, and the overall trade balance grew by 14.6 percent. This trend embodies the idea of mutually beneficial cooperation at the core of our vision of a “Road to 50” leading to 2020: the end year of the 13th Five-Year Plan (20162020) in China, as well as the 50th anniversary