Policies to boost access for foreign investment
China will further cut restrictions on foreign investment and address challenges facing foreign companies investing in its market this year, the country’s top commerce official said.
The negative list, which restricts foreign investment in certain industries, will be further shortened in both its 12 pilot free trade zones and nationwide, and allow full foreign ownership in more sectors, Commerce Minister Zhong Shan said in an interview with Xinhua News Agency on Saturday.
He specifically outlined a push for foreign investment in manufacturing and high-tech industries and in central and western regions, adding that the government will help foreign companies address difficulties with investing in China.
To build a favorable environment, the ministry will push for a foreign investment law and improve governments’ handling of complaints from foreign businesses, Zhong said.
As a major global investment destination, China has maintained stable growth in foreign direct investment against a gloomy global setting. Its FDI grew by 3 percent year-on-year to $135 billion in 2018, while the figures for the world as a whole and developed countries dropped 41 percent and 69 percent, respectively, in the first half of last year, said Zhong.
The World Bank raised China’s ranking in terms of business environment by 32 places. Also, 95 percent of companies surveyed by the Washington-based US-China Business Council said they would increase investment or maintain their existing presence in China in the coming year, according to a report released in December.
“The Chinese market has huge potential and sound prospects,” Zhong said. The country’s goods consumption, which is expected to achieve 9.1 percent annual growth in 2018 to 38 trillion yuan ($5.6 trillion), has served as the biggest growth driver for five consecutive years.
Eager to enlarge their market share, a number of multinationals such as German automaker BMW AG and Exxon-Mobil Corp of the United States announced big-ticket investment plans in China last year. This comes as China steadily marches toward becoming the largest country in consumption of goods and services.
California-based Tesla Inc broke new ground as construction started on its Shanghai plant on Jan 7. It became the first company to benefit from a new policy allowing foreign carmakers to start setting up wholly owned subsidiaries in China. It is also the city’s biggest foreign investment in manufacturing at $7.3 billion.
BASF SE, the German chemical giant, also signed an agreement with Guangdong province last week to further clarify details of its $10 billion Verbund chemical complex in Zhanjiang.
Zhong said the ministry will further stimulate domestic consumption this year, with measures to facilitate urban consumption upgrades, tap into the potential of rural areas, build modern supply chains and support use of services.
He said the three major tasks of the Ministry of Commerce this year will be holding the second China International Import Expo, properly handling trade frictions with the US and pushing forward pilot FTZs and the Hainan free trade port.
These are practical moves in building a predictable and transparent business environment for global investors, to ensure that they are given fair market treatment, said Zhang Yansheng, a researcher at the China Center for International Economic Exchanges.
“The Ministry of Commerce is currently planning to add new areas for the China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone and design policies for building the Hainan free trade port to promote their growth,” said Tang Wenhong, director-general of the ministry’s department of foreign investment administration.