China Daily (Hong Kong)

Negotiatio­ns early proof of CPC’s diplomatic skills

- By TAN YINGZI in Chongqing

In the heat of August 1945, the Gui Garden on Zhongshans­i Road in downtown Chongqing attracted wide attention at home and from abroad, with internatio­nal reporters waiting day and night outside the quaint, private villa as a significan­t meeting about the country’s future was held in the wartime capital.

The Chongqing Negotiatio­ns, 43 days of top level negotiatio­ns between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China, was an important political event at a crucial moment when China faced a choice between war and peace after the victory in the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression (193145).

“It was the first time the CPC officially entered the internatio­nal political stage and gained worldwide recognitio­n,” said Zhou Yong, the director of the Chongqing Research Office of CPC history.

With more than 90 million members, the CPC, the world’s largest political party, will celebrate its centenary on July 1.

Zhou said that in today’s challengin­g global environmen­t, Party members can learn from the diplomatic ideas and skills exhibited 76 years ago.

“Mao Zedong and other members of the Party did an extraordi1­3, nary diplomatic job during their stay in Chongqing and won understand­ing and support from both Chinese and foreign people for the CPC,” Zhou said.

On Aug 28, 1945, at the invitation of Chiang Kai-shek, then chairman of the National Commission of Military Affairs of China, Mao, chairman of the CPC Central Committee, went to Chongqing by a special plane from Yan’an, Shaanxi province, for peaceful negotiatio­ns in order to realize people’s desire for nationwide peace and democracy.

Weeks later, on Oct 10, the Minutes of Talks between the Government and Representa­tives of the Communist Party of China, also known as the Double Tenth Agreement, were signed and released to the public.

In order to unite all possible social forces and establish a wider united front for China’s peaceful developmen­t, Mao met over 100 people from all walks of life in Chongqing on the sidelines of the negotiatio­ns, including senior government officials, military officers, business tycoons, scholars, artists and representa­tives from other political parties and foreign missions.

He introduced them to the CPC’s political platform and the developmen­t of negotiatio­ns with the Kuomintang, and he exchanged ideas about pressing issues such as political democracy, domestic solidarity, economic developmen­t and how to avoid a civil war.

He met the leaders of the Provisiona­l Government of the Republic of Korea and expressed support for their national independen­ce movement. The provisiona­l government was launched in Shanghai on April 1919, shortly after the Samil Movement declared Korean independen­t from Japanese rule. It settled in Chongqing in 1939.

On Sept 8, Mao hosted a tea party at the Gui Garden to thank foreign friends for their support during the war and said he hoped they would continue to assist Chinese people in the future. The participan­ts included representa­tives from the China Defense League, United China Relief and the British Red Cross.

“Mao’s meetings gave many people an opportunit­y to learn about the CPC,” said Ma Qike, curator of the Chongqing Hongyan Revolution­ary Memorial Museum.

“Mao’s work during the Chongqing Negotiatio­ns teaches us that the CPC must adhere to the united front and adopt the ‘mass line’, promote the building of a community with a shared future for mankind and protect the peace and developmen­t of the world.”

The museum, in Hongyan village in Chongqing’s Yuzhong district, used to be the base of the Southern Bureau of the CPC Central Committee and the Chongqing office of the Eighth Route Army during the war against Japan. During the negotiatio­ns, it was one of the main places Mao worked and lived.

Ma said a new museum dedicated to the Chongqing Negotiatio­ns is being prepared, with related items being collected from all over the world.

 ?? TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY ?? The Gui Garden in Chongqing, which hosted the Chongqing Negotiatio­ns between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China in 1945.
TAN YINGZI / CHINA DAILY The Gui Garden in Chongqing, which hosted the Chongqing Negotiatio­ns between the Kuomintang and the Communist Party of China in 1945.

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