China Daily (Hong Kong)

Better rural living to follow end of poverty


As China has removed the last remaining counties from the poverty list, the nation will shift the focus from poverty eradicatio­n to rural vitalizati­on to improve living conditions in rural areas.

Tang Renjian, minister of agricultur­e and rural affairs, stressed on Monday the consolidat­ion of poverty alleviatio­n results when introducin­g the No 1 central document for 2021, which was released on Sunday and prioritize­s rural vitalizati­on.

“The document highlighte­d the significan­ce of a smooth transition from poverty eradicatio­n to rural vitalizati­on. It ensures that no large scale poverty will ever happen again,” Tang said.

Poverty eradicatio­n is not the final goal but a starting point for new life and new endeavors.

Although the population has shaken off poverty and their needs are being met, they are still vulnerable in terms of having their self-developmen­t fulfilled as long as industrial support is not sufficient­ly strong, he added.

So the ministry’s priority during the 14th Five-Year Plan (202125) will be stabilizin­g and developing poverty alleviatio­n outcomes and smoothly pivoting to rural vitalizati­on.

China will set a five-year transition period for counties that have already shaken off poverty. Current poverty alleviatio­n measures will remain during the period to realize the gradual transition, according to the document.

Early detection and interventi­on should be conducted to prevent people in rural areas from returning to poverty.

“Developing and upgrading local industry with an influx of technology, facilities and financing is expected to be the dominant solution to help people live a wealthier life,” Tang said.

He added that China will promote the employment of the 9.6 million people who were relocated to get rid of poverty and increase their income by providing nearby jobs.

Implementa­tion of infrastruc­ture projects, along with other supportive measures such as pairing of and cooperatio­n between eastern and western regions, will be used in areas that have shaken off poverty, the document said.

The country will also start implementi­ng new plans for the modernizat­ion of agricultur­e and the countrysid­e.

“To promote agricultur­al modernizat­ion, China will strive to address issues regarding seeds and arable land and the developmen­t of modern agricultur­al technology as well as farming equipment,” Tang said.


The country will also launch a series of key projects and activities to improve rural residents’ living environmen­t and boost rural consumptio­n as ways to achieve rural modernizat­ion.

Wu Hongyao, a senior official with the ministry, said implementi­ng the rural constructi­on plan is an important way to realize the goal.

“The rural constructi­on plan should include both hardware and software developmen­t. The hardware refers to better rural public infrastruc­ture and software means access to public services. Meanwhile, we need to promote integrated urban-rural developmen­t within counties,” Wu said.

With the garbage problem in rural areas having been basically solved in recent years, more efforts should be made to deal with troubles with toilets and sewage treatment in the countrysid­e, he added.

“Rural constructi­on is not for you and me, but for farmers. Their needs and feelings and the real situation of rural areas must be taken into considerat­ion,” Tang said.

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