Im­pres­sive Scores in Higher Ed­u­ca­tion ation

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents - Edited by Zhang Xue

Rank­ings of the world’s elite schools have al­ways at­tracted ma­jor pub­lic at­ten­tion. Among nu­mer­ous com­peti­tors, Chi­nese in­sti­tu­tions of higher learn­ing are start­ing to grab in­ter­na­tional at­ten­tion for their out­stand­ing per­for­mances.

In Septem­ber 2017, the Bri­tish jour­nal Times Higher Ed­u­ca­tion rolled out its lat­est “World Univer­sity Rank­ings,” in which Ts­inghua Univer­sity and Pek­ing Univer­sity were among the top 30, and a to­tal of 13 Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties made the top 200.

Phil Baty, ed­i­tor-in-chief of the jour­nal, praised Chi­nese uni­ver­si­ties for join­ing the global elite, sur­pass­ing many fa­mous uni­ver­si­ties in Europe and Amer­ica.

In­creas­ing In­vest­ment for Ed­u­ca­tional Progress with Chi­nese Char­ac­ter­is­tics

On Teach­ers’ Day in 2013 and 2014, Chi­nese Pres­i­dent Xi Jin­ping, also Gen­eral Sec­re­tary of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC), ex­pressed ex­pec­ta­tions to “de­velop mod­ern, world-class ed­u­ca­tion fea­tur­ing Chi­nese charac- ter­is­tics” to ed­u­ca­tors across the coun­try. In May 2014, he vis­ited Pek­ing Univer­sity, where he stressed that in “build­ing world-class col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties... they must fea­ture Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics.” “There is only one Har­vard Univer­sity, Univer­sity of Ox­ford, Stan­ford Univer­sity, Mas­sachusetts In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy and Univer­sity of Cam­bridge,” Xi elab­o­rated. “Like­wise, there is only one Pek­ing Univer­sity, Ts­inghua Univer­sity, Zhe­jiang Univer­sity, Fu­dan Univer­sity and Nan­jing Univer­sity in China. We should draw on the world’s best ex­pe­ri­ence in run­ning in­sti­tu­tions of higher learn­ing, fol­low es­tab­lished rules of ed­u­ca­tion and de­velop more ex­cel­lent col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties on Chi­nese soil.”

With guide­lines of “Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics” and “world class” in mind, China has kin­dled an ed­u­ca­tional boom as it shows the world the power of its ed­u­ca­tional de­vel­op­ment model.

Such a trend could not hap­pen with­out in­creased in­vest­ment from the Chi­nese govern­ment.

In 2012, China’s fis­cal ed­u­ca­tion ex­pen­di­tures ex­ceeded 2 tril­lion yuan (about US$301.6 bil­lion), ac­count­ing for over 4 per­cent

of its GDP for the first time. In 2016, the fig­ure reached 3.14 tril­lion yuan (about US$473.5 bil­lion), ex­ceed­ing 4 per­cent of China’s GDP for five con­sec­u­tive years. Be­tween 2012 and 2016, China’s ed­u­ca­tion ex­pen­di­ture amounted to 13.5 tril­lion yuan (about US$2.04 tril­lion), sur­pass­ing the com­bined in­vest­ment in the 60 years from 1952 through 2011.

Still, en­roll­ment in Chi­nese col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties has been in­creas­ing. In 2016, 37 mil­lion stu­dents were en­rolled, an in­crease of 3.738 mil­lion or 11.2 per­cent over 2012. China leads the world in the pro­vi­sion of higher ed­u­ca­tion, with its col­lege stu­dents ac- count­ing for 20 per­cent of the world’s to­tal.

Over the past few years, the Chi­nese govern­ment has as strength­ened the top-level de­sign of higher ed­u­ca­tion to pro­mote e its sound de­vel­op­ment, up­grade the de­vel­op­ment of in­sti­tu­tions of higher ed­u­ca­tion and march to­wards a world power in ed­u­ca­tion. n.

In Septem­ber 2017, the Chi­nese govern­ment re­leased ed a list for key con­struc­tion of “world- class uni­ver­si­ties” and “first­class dis­ci­plines.” With the goals of “Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics” ris­tics” and “world class,” China is striv­ing to pro­mote many high-level uni­ver­si­ties as well as dis­ci­plinary pro­grams to el­e­vate them to

Achieve­ments in Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy

In Au­gust 2017, the on­line Bri­tish jour­nal Na­ture si­mul­ta­ne­ously pub­lished two papers from the same Chi­nese re­search team that were au­thored by Pan Jian­wei, chief sci­en­tist of the coun­try’s ex­per­i­men­tal quan­tum satel­lite pro­gram, aca­demi­cian from the Chi­nese Academy of Sciences, and pro­fes­sor with the Univer­sity of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy of China, and a group of his col­leagues.

Both papers an­nounced “firsts.” For the first time any­where in the world, China suc­cess­fully made quan­tum key dis­tri­bu­tion of the quan­tum sci­ence satel­lite Mozi from the satel­lite to the ground and for the first time com­pleted quan­tum tele­por­ta­tion from the ground to the satel­lite.

The suc­cess­ful launch of Mozi has laid a solid sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal cor­ner­stone for China to re­in­force its lead­ing po­si­tion in the world in the de­vel­op­ment of quan­tum com­mu­ni­ca­tion tech­nol­ogy and fron­tier re­search in ba­sic tests of quan­tum physics.

The Chi­nese govern­ment’s in­creas­ing in­vest­ment in in­ten­si­fy­ing sci­en­tific re­search in in­sti­tu­tions of higher learn­ing has re­sulted in en­thu­si­as­tic par­tic­i­pa­tion and sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion on cam­puses.

Ear­lier in June, a sci­en­tific ex­pe­di­tion team led by Chief Sci­en­tist Xu Jis­hang re­turned to Qing­dao with promis­ing re­sults af­ter a mis­sion to in­ves­ti­gate un­der­sea sediment and per­form a ben­thic sur­vey in the western Pa­cific, a spe­cial study of the “in­ter­ac­tion be­tween global warm­ing and ocean at­mos­phere.”

The re­searchers spent 58 days on a 15,000-kilo­me­ter mar­itime jour­ney, with the max­i­mum op­er­at­ing depth reach­ing 8,000 me­ters down into the ocean, set­ting a record for the Haida ship in terms of dis­tance, du­ra­tion and depth of op­er­a­tion and prov­ing the ca­pa­bil­i­ties of deep-sea sci­en­tific in­ves­ti­ga­tion con­ducted by the Ocean Univer­sity of China in Qing­dao, Shan­dong Prov­ince.

Over the past five years, the emer­gence of many glob­ally im­por­tant sci­en­tific re­search re­sults com­ing out of China has tes­ti­fied to the rise of sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal re­search teams led by Chi­nese col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties, which have be­come the most im­por­tant in­cu­ba­tors of tal­ent and in­no­va­tion for China’s strat­egy of in­no­va­tive im­pe­tus.

The Chi­nese govern­ment has re­al­ized that pro­vid­ing in­no­va­tive achieve­ments and fos­ter­ing new eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment mo­men­tum re­quire im­proved ed­u­ca­tion.

Over the last five years, China’s to­tal fund­ing of sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal re­search in col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties has topped

653.1 bil­lion yuan (about US$98.5 bil­lion). These in­sti­tu­tions of higher learn­ing have un­der­taken more than 80 per­cent of the projects sup­ported by the Na­tional Nat­u­ral Sci­ence Foun­da­tion of China and a num­ber of sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal projects of na­tional im­por­tance that have brought re­mark­able achieve­ments, of which the more cut­ting-edge ones have caused sen­sa­tions in the in­ter­na­tional sci­en­tific com­mu­nity.

Data show that be­tween 2012 and 2016, the count of Chi­nese main­land col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties rank­ing among the world’s top 500 grew from 31 to 98.

At­tract­ing More In­ter­na­tional Stu­dents

The grow­ing fame of Chi­nese col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties has in­creased their at­trac­tive­ness around the world. China has as be­come one of the top choices for many in­ter­na­tional stu­dents.

Since the 18th CPC Na­tional Con­gress in 2012, China a has wel­comed more and more stu­dents from other parts of the world. Sta­tis­tics from the Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion show that in 2016, 6, in­ter­na­tional stu­dents study­ing in China sur­passed 440,000, an in­crease ncrease of 35 per­cent over 2012. China has be­come a top Asian des­ti­na­tion na­tion for in­ter­na­tional stu­dents, a de­vel­op­ment which has in turn tes­ti­fied sti­fied to the coun­try’s eco­nomic and com­pre­hen­sive strength.

Com­pared to ear­lier groups who came to study the Chi­nese lan­guage, more stu­dents now come for aca­demic cour­ses, s, ac­count­ing for over half of the to­tal en­roll­ment.

The Chi­nese govern­ment has con­stantly in­creased its ts scholar-

ship al­lot­ment to fur­ther en­cour­age in­ter­na­tional stu­dents to study in China. In 2016, for in­stance, 49,022 stu­dents from 183 coun­tries en­joyed such schol­ar­ships, 11 per­cent of the to­tal, an in­crease of 70 per­cent over 2012. The num­ber of coun­tries and re­gions sup­ply­ing China’s in­ter­na­tional stu­dents hit 205, a record high. The 10 big­gest sup­pli­ers of China’s in­ter­na­tional stu­dents are South Korea, the United States, Thai­land, Pak­istan, India, Rus­sia, In­done­sia, Kaza­khstan, Ja­pan, and Viet­nam, in that or­der.

The im­ple­men­ta­tion of the Belt and Road Ini­tia­tive world­wide has drawn even more stu­dents from coun­tries along the routes. The Chi­nese Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion has set up a schol­ar­ship pro­gram in the name of the Silk Road, of­fer­ing a to­tal of 3,000 an­nual schol­ar­ships to fresh­men from coun­tries along the routes. This is one rea­son be­hind the sharply grow­ing num­ber of in­ter­na­tional stu­dents in China from those coun­tries. For ex­am­ple, in 2012, 9,630 Pak­istani stu­dents stud­ied in China; and by 2016, this num­ber nearly dou­bled to 18,626.

As part of the poli­cies en­cour­ag­ing in­ter­na­tional stu­dents, China has signed agree­ments with 46 coun­tries and re­gions to rec­og­nize each other’s aca­demic de­grees and diplo­mas. More­over, it has signed and pro­moted the im­ple­men­ta­tion of the UNESCO Asia-paci­fi­cre­gional Con­ven­tion on the Recog­ni­tion of Qual­i­fi­ca­tions in Higher Ed­u­ca­tion, col­lab­o­rated with the World Bank in co­or­di­nat­ing and com­pil­ing pol­icy rec­om­men­da­tions on in­ter­na­tional ed­u­ca­tion trends and ex­pe­ri­ence and led the for­mu­la­tion of APEC’S ed­u­ca­tion strate­gies, to name only a few.

Un­der the motto of “de­vel­op­ing ed­u­ca­tion with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics to global lev­els,” we ex­pect to see more Chi­nese col­leges and uni­ver­si­ties ap­pear on lists of the world’s best.

A group photo of grad­u­ates be­fore leav­ing the cam­pus. am­pus. On June 20, 2017, over 3,300 grad­u­ates re­ceived bach­e­lor’s de­grees from Nan­jing Univer­sity. Xin­hua a

Oc­to­ber 22, 2017: A group in­ter­view themed “com­pre­hen­sive ed­u­ca­tion re­form” on the side­lines of the 19th CPC Na­tional Con­gress at­tracts scores of Chi­nese and for­eign jour­nal­ists. by Wan Quan

Oc­to­ber 3, 2017 marked the 80th an­niver­sary of the found­ing of Ren­min Univer­sity of China. Many teach­ers and stu­dents as well as alumni of the school signed their names on a board. VCG

June 20, 2017: An in­tel­li­gent ware­house ro­bot cre­ated by the State Key Lab­o­ra­tory of In­tel­li­gent Tech­nol­ogy and Sys­tems at Ts­inghua Univer­sity de­buts in Qing­dao, Shan­dong Prov­ince. VCG

On July 30, the cur­tain fell on the 2017 Chang­sha In­ter­na­tional Fa­mous Univer­sity Row­ing Re­gatta near Orange Isle in the Xiangjiang River. The event at­tracted 20 teams from Ts­inghua Univer­sity, Pek­ing Univer­sity, Yale Univer­sity, Univer­sity of Cam­bridge, Univer­sity of Sydney (USYD) and other schools. Teams rep­re­sent­ing USYD and Univer­sity of Otago took ti­tles in the men’s and women’s 1,000-me­ter races, re­spec­tively. Xin­hua

Septem­ber 13, 2017: Shen­zhen MSU- BIT Univer­sity, jointly es­tab­lished by Beijing In­sti­tute of Tech­nol­ogy (BIT) and Romonosov Moscow State Univer­sity (MSU), en­rolls its first group of 113 un­der­grad­u­ate stu­dents. In 2018, the school will wel­come up to 5,000 un­der­grad­u­ate and grad­u­ate stu­dents from all over the world. Xin­hua

Oc­to­ber 11, 2017: In­ter­na­tional stu­dents study­ing in China at­tend classes at Silk Road Academy in Jin­hua, Zhe­jiang Prov­ince. VCG May 31, 2017: Un­der the guid­ance of Pan Guo­qing (cen­ter), Han Bing (right), a PH.D. stu­dent in mi­cro­bi­ol­ogy, con­ducts de­tec­tion of an­ti­body titer of mi­crosporidia in a na­tional key lab at South­west Univer­sity in Chongqing. VCG

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