Road to Ru­ral Vi­tal­iza­tion

F E AT U RE S Text by Li Guox­i­ang Road to Ru­ral Vi­tal­iza­tion Af­ter the 19th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China pro­posed the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy, egy, the Cen­tral Ru­ral Work Con­fer­ence fo­cused on the meth­ods, tar­gets, guide­lines, roa

China Pictorial (English) - - Front Page - The au­thor is a re­searcher with the Depart­ment tment of So­cial De­vel­op­ment un­der the De­vel­op­ment pment Re­search Cen­ter of the State Coun­cil.

Fi­nal Tar­get

Is­sues re­lat­ing to agri­cul­ture, ru­ral ar­eas, and ru­ral peo­ple are fun­da­men­tal to China be­cause they di­rectly concern the coun­try’s sta­bil­ity and the peo­ple’s well-be­ing.

As China has de­vel­oped, its agri­cul­ture, ru­ral ar­eas and liv­ing stan­dards of ru­ral res­i­dents have con­stantly im­proved. Es­pe­cially since the 18th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC), China’s agri­cul­ture has en­tered a new stage with grain pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity ex­ceed­ing 600 mil­lion tons per year and new types of agribusi­ness grow­ing fast. The gap be­tween ur­ban and ru­ral in­comes is de­creas­ing. The poverty re­duc­tion cam­paign has achieved tremen­dous re­sults, help­ing a vast ma­jor­ity of ru­ral peo­ple emerge from ab­so­lute poverty. Ad­di­tion­ally, ru­ral in­fra­struc­ture has as been grad­u­ally up­dated, ba­sic so­cial al ser­vices have im­proved and the in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment of ru­ral and nd ur­ban ar­eas has taken ini­tial shape. .

De­spite all the progress, China’s a’s agri­cul­ture and ru­ral ar­eas are still lag­ging be­hind. The com­pet­i­tive­ness ess of agri­cul­ture is weak, the qual­ity of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts hardly meets pub­lic de­mand, agri­cul­tural eco­log­i­cal gi­cal

func­tion is not fully de­vel­oped, agri­cul­tural ef­fi­ciency is in­creas­ingly dif­fi­cult to im­prove and agri­cul­tural re­sources have been overused, which has made sus­tain­able agri­cul­tural de­vel­op­ment es­pe­cially needed.

Is­sues re­lated to agri­cul­ture, ru­ral ar­eas and ru­ral peo­ple re­flect China’s im­bal­anced and in­ad­e­quate de­vel­op­ment, which is a ma­jor part of the prin­ci­pal con­tra­dic­tion fac­ing Chi­nese so­ci­ety as so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics en­ters a new era. In im­ple­ment­ing the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy, the Chi­nese govern­ment must pri­or­i­tize the de­vel­op­ment of agri­cul­ture and ru­ral ar­eas. To build ru­ral ar­eas with thriv­ing busi­nesses, pleas­ant liv­ing en­vi­ron­ments, so­cial eti­quette and ci­vil­ity, ef­fec­tive gov­er­nance and pros­per­ity, the Chi­nese govern­ment needs to set up sound sys­tems, mech­a­nisms, and poli­cies for pro­mot­ing in­te­grated ur­ban-ru­ral de­vel­op­ment. To solve is­sues re­lated to agri­cul­ture, ru­ral ar­eas and ru­ral peo­ple, the govern­ment needs to im­prove re­form meth­ods and mea­sures and remove in­sti­tu­tional bar­ri­ers to ac­ti­vate peo­ple and the mar­ket to make agri­cul­ture a promis­ing in­dus­try, farm­ing an at­tract­ing vo­ca­tion and ru­ral ar­eas beau­ti­ful places.

The ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy will give rise to thriv­ing busi­nesses, which can raise agri­cul­tural com­par­a­tive ef­fec­tive­ness and China’s agri­cul­tural com­pet­i­tive­ness in the world as well as in­te­grated de­vel­op­ment of pri­mary, sec­ondary and ter­tiary in­dus­tries that will com­pose a pros­per­ous econ­omy in ru­ral ar­eas. Be­hind vil­lages fea­tur­ing pleas­ant liv­ing en­vi­ron­ments, strong so­cial eti­quette and wide­spread ci­vil­ity is ef­fec­tive gov­er­nance, which is the key to mak­ing a lo­cale at­trac­tive enough to draw qual­ity re­sources and mar­ket at­ten­tion. Im­prov­ing the liv­ing stan­dards of farm­ers re­quires cre­at­ing more av­enues for in­come as well as a strong sense of ful­fill­ment, hap­pi­ness, and se­cu­rity, so as to give farm­ers full ac­cess to the fruits of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics.

Timetable and Roadmap

China is draw­ing the roadmap for the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy. Since it was an­nounced at the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, govern­ments at all lev­els across the coun­try have paced up plans for im­ple­ment­ing the strat­egy. The cen­tral govern­ment is ex­pected to re­lease wide-reach­ing ac­tion plans and poli­cies, while lo­cal govern­ments pro­pose spe­cific mea­sures. The re­cently con­cluded Cen­tral Ru­ral Work Con­fer­ence stressed the lead­ing role of the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy and in­tro­duced sev­eral ma­jor projects, plans and mea­sures.

The strat­egy is con­sis­tent with China’s “Two Cen­te­nary Goals.” Ac­cord­ing to Gen­eral Sec­re­tary Xi Jin­ping’s re­port at the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, China will fin­ish the build­ing of a moder­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in all re­spects by 2020, see that so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion is ba­si­cally re­al­ized by 2035, and de­velop into a great mod­ern so­cial­ist coun­try by 2050. The Cen­tral Ru­ral Work Con­fer­ence set up goals ac­cord­ingly—the strat­egy should achieve im­por­tant progress with an in­sti­tu­tional frame­work and pol­icy sys­tem formed by 2020, and make “de­ci­sive” progress with ba­sic mod­ern­iza­tion of agri­cul­ture and ru­ral ar­eas by 2035, and the ru­ral ar­eas should see all-around vi­tal­iza­tion fea­tur­ing strong agri­cul­ture, a beau­ti­ful coun­try­side and well-off farm­ers by 2050.

In­sti­tu­tional Guar­an­tee

It was stressed at the an­nual Cen­tral Ru­ral Work Con­fer­ence that ef­forts must be made to nur­ture agri­cul­ture through in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment, and use ur­ban de­vel­op­ment to drive ru­ral de­vel­op­ment. Agri­cul­ture and ru­ral ar­eas must be pri­or­i­tized in terms of fis­cal bud­get and pub­lic ser­vices. This is a nec­es­sary re­quire­ment for build­ing an in­sti­tu­tional mech­a­nism of in­te­grated ur­ban-ru­ral de­vel­op­ment. Thus, the in­sti­tu­tional frame­work and pol­icy sys­tem which will be is­sued by the govern­ment in steps are key to vi­tal­iz­ing ru­ral ar­eas.

To im­ple­ment the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy, China will ad­vance re­form of the ru­ral land sys­tem, pri­mar­ily by im­prov­ing the sys­tem for sep­a­rat­ing own­er­ship rights, con­tract­ing rights and man­age­ment rights for con­tracted arable land and keep­ing ru­ral land con­tract­ing prac­tices sta­ble on a longterm ba­sis. The cur­rent round of con­tracts will be ex­tended for an­other 30 years upon ex­pi­ra­tion.

Th­ese ef­forts will op­ti­mize the ru­ral la­bor force flow be­tween ur­ban and ru­ral ar­eas, fa­cil­i­tate the in­te­gra­tion of small farm­ers into

mod­ern agri­cul­tural de­vel­op­ment and im­prove the in­ter­est-in­ter­weav­ing mech­a­nism to form a new agri­cul­tural man­age­ment sys­tem.

To pro­mote the de­vel­op­ment of new in­dus­tries and new busi­ness mod­els in ru­ral ar­eas and solve prob­lems in ob­tain­ing ru­ral con­struc­tion lands, China will clear away ob­sta­cles in cur­rent in­sti­tu­tions, im­prove the arable land req­ui­si­tion-com­pen­sa­tion bal­ance sys­tem, pri­or­i­tize nec­es­sary land sup­ply for ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion and guar­an­tee the land quo­tas for agri­cul­tural and ru­ral de­vel­op­ment.

To solve fi­nanc­ing prob­lems fac­ing new busi­ness en­ti­ties in the ru­ral econ­omy, China will im­prove the ru­ral fi­nan­cial sys­tem to make it more suit­able for the de­vel­op­ment of agri­cul­ture and ru­ral ar­eas, strengthen in­no­va­tion in fi­nan­cial ser­vices and en­hance the reach and scope of fi­nan­cial ser­vices in ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion.

Dur­ing the process of deep­en­ing re­form of the agri­cul­tural sub­sidy sys­tem, China will give great sup­port to the us­age of sub­sidy funds to fa­cil­i­tate ap­pro­pri­ate-scale agri­cul­tural op­er­a­tions for the con­struc­tion of a pol­icy-based credit guar­an­tee sys­tem, so as to solve prob­lems re­lated to in­suf­fi­cient fund­ing of the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy. While strength­en­ing the con­struc­tion of the ru­ral fi­nan­cial credit sys­tem, China will ex­pand the scope of fi­nanc­ing mort­gage for ru­ral in­dus­tries and sup­port fi­nan­cial in­sti­tu­tions to pro­vide loans with agri­cul­tural fa­cil­i­ties and equip­ment as mort­gages and of­fer pur­chase or­der fi­nanc­ing ser­vices.

In ad­di­tion, China will deepen re­form of the agri­cul­tural in­sur­ance sys­tem, ac­tively de­velop pol­icy-based agri­cul­tural in­sur­ance and ex­pand cov­er­age of agri­cul­tural in­sur­ance for ma­jor risks in­clud­ing nat­u­ral dis­as­ters, costs of new tech­nol­ogy ap­pli­ca­tions and mar­ket price fluc­tu­a­tion. It aims to im­prove the com­pen­sa­tion of in­sur­ance for all costs re­lated to agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion and pro­mote the sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment of new agri­cul­tural man­age­ment bod­ies and the ap­pro­pri­ate-scale man­age­ment of ru­ral land.

To im­ple­ment the ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy, China will also re­form and im­prove the fis­cal sub­sidy sys­tem, and give more sup­port to the struc­tural ad­just­ments, con­ser­va­tion on of re­sources and en­vi­ron­ment as well as sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal l re­search and de­vel­op­ment.

China will es­tab­lish and de­velop op com­pen­sa­tion mech­a­nisms for grain ain pro­duc­tion func­tion zones and key y agri­cul­tural prod­uct pro­duc­tion pro­tec­tion zones.

Fur­ther­more, China will ad­vance ce re­form of grain stor­age and pric­ing g sys­tems, min­i­mize the mar­ket dis­tort­ing ef­fect of fis­cal sub­si­dies, re­duce di­rect in­ter­ven­tion of mar­ket et reg­u­la­tion and pro­tect pro­duc­ers’ ben­e­fits to cre­ate a fair com­pe­ti­tion n en­vi­ron­ment for ru­ral in­dus­tries.

The ru­ral vi­tal­iza­tion strat­egy will fur­ther ac­cel­er­ate the in­te­gra­tion ion of ur­ban and ru­ral de­vel­op­ment, con­sol­i­date and im­prove in­te­grated d ur­ban and ru­ral in­fra­struc­ture, re­duce duce and ul­ti­mately elim­i­nate the so­cial ba­sic ser­vice gap be­tween ur­ban and nd ru­ral ar­eas.

A pro­vin­cial-level demon­stra­tion field in Wangy­ing Vil­lage, An­hui Prov­ince. VCG

Au­gust 1, 2018: A vil­lager ap­plies for a mort­gage loan at a bank. In re­cent years, Jilin Prov­ince has con­stantly pro­moted new ru­ral fi­nan­cial ser­vices. It has de­vel­oped a pilot project al­low­ing vil­lagers to mort­gage their land to get loans. Xin­hua

In good au­tumn weather, farm­ers in Nan­ming Town, Jianhe County, Guizhou Prov­ince har­vest 4.67 hectares of red quinoa, which was in­tro­duced from an­other prov­ince. VCG

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