Wa­ter and Soil Con­ser­va­tion: The Heart of Green Agri­cul­tural De­vel­op­ment

Wa­ter and soil con­ser­va­tion should be given top pri­or­ity to nar­row the gap caus­ing the shortage of wa­ter and soil re­sources nec­es­sary to pro­duce safe agri­cul­tural prod­ucts.

China Pictorial (English) - - Front Page - Text by Yu Fawen

China’s agri­cul­ture has seized enor­mous achieve­ments over the past four decades since its re­form and open­ing up be­gan in the late 1970s. Mean­while, the ecol­ogy has paid a heavy price, which is in­flu­enc­ing the safety of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts.

The re­port to the 19th Na­tional Congress of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) pointed out that “as so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics en­ters a new era, the prin­ci­pal con­tra­dic­tion fac­ing Chi­nese so­ci­ety has evolved. We now face a con­tra­dic­tion be­tween un­bal­anced and in­ad­e­quate de­vel­op­ment and the peo­ple’s ever-grow­ing needs for a bet­ter life.” The glar­ing im­bal­ance in agri­cul­ture is em­bod­ied by the peo­ple’s grow­ing de­mand for safe, qual­ity farm pro­duce and in­suf­fi­cient sup­ply. As a re­sult, green de­vel­op­ment of agri­cul­ture is a ma­jor so­lu­tion to the prin­ci­pal

so­cial con­tra­dic­tion of the new era.

It is worth not­ing that wa­ter and soil con­ser­va­tion re­mains the core and foun­da­tion of green agri­cul­tural de­vel­op­ment. It is not just an is­sue re­lated to agri­cul­tural de­vel­op­ment and food safety, but also a strate­gic prob­lem con­cern­ing the healthy de­vel­op­ment of the Chi­nese peo­ple.

To re­al­ize the green de­vel­op­ment of agri­cul­ture and en­sure the qual­ity of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts, the top pri­or­ity must be en­sur­ing that agri­cul­ture is grown with enough high-qual­ity wa­ter and soil. It is no se­cret that China’s per capita wa­ter re­source mea­sures only a fourth of the world av­er­age, and that the avail­able wa­ter re­sources are scat­tered un­evenly in the coun­try. Rapid in­dus­tri­al­iza­tion and ur­ban­iza­tion have de­voured a grow­ing share of qual­ity wa­ter and soil. Agri­cul­tural pro­duc­tion has con­tin­u­ously pushed the lim­its on the sup­ply of qual­ity wa­ter and soil.

China’s de­vel­op­ment in agri­cul­ture has over­come the shortage of farm pro­duce. Presently, agri­cul­ture should be ad­justed ac­cord­ing to the con­cept of green de­vel­op­ment and the fun­da­men­tal goal should be pro­vid­ing 1.3 bil­lion Chi­nese peo­ple with healthy, safe and qual­ity agri­cul­tural prod­ucts. Wa­ter and soil con­ser­va­tion should be given top pri­or­ity to nar­row the gap caus­ing the shortage of wa­ter and soil re­sources nec­es­sary to pro­duce safe agri­cul­tural prod­ucts.

First, soil qual­ity needs to be mon­i­tored and im­proved. The strictest reg­u­la­tions on soil con­ser­va­tion should be im­ple­mented. Mean­while, mul­ti­ple ef­fec­tive mea­sures should be adopted to im­prove the qual­ity of soil.

Se­cond, wa­ter pol­lu­tion must be pre­vented, and clean wa­ter con­served. Suit­able wa­ter con­ser­va­tion tech­nol­ogy should be pro­moted to in­crease the ef­fi­ciency of ir­ri­ga­tion in the agri­cul­tural in­dus­try. At the same time, com­pre­hen­sive mea­sures should be taken to con­trol the to­tal amount of wa­ter us­age and the ef­fi­ciency of ir­ri­ga­tion and meet the agri­cul­tural needs for qual­ity wa­ter in ac­cor­dance with the Opin­ions of the State Coun­cil on Ap­ply­ing the Strictest Wa­ter Re­sources Con­trol Sys­tem re­leased in 2012. More­over, law en­force­ment tasked with en­vi­ron­ment pro­tec­tion should be re­in­forced and strictly pre­vent fac­to­ries from pol­lut­ing wa­ter.

Third, di­ver­si­fied mech­a­nisms for eco­log­i­cal com­pen­sa­tion should be es­tab­lished for the con­ser­va­tion of wa­ter and soil re­sources. Ac­cord­ing to the 2016 re­form plan jointly re­leased by China’s Min­istry of Agri­cul­ture and Min­istry of Fi­nance on ecol­ogy-ori­ented agri­cul­tural sub­si­dies as well as the re­quire­ments of China’s “No.1 Cen­tral Doc­u­ment” in 2017, com­pen­sa­tion should cover all ar­eas con­ducive to the safety of agri­cul­tural prod­ucts such as re­sources, in­dus­trial de­vel­op­ment and waste re­cy­cling, to im­prove mech­a­nisms for eco­log­i­cal com­pen­sa­tion, con­serve wa­ter and soil for agri­cul­tural use and com­pre­hen­sively de­velop agri­cul­ture in a green man­ner.

July 4, 2017: Beau­ti­ful uti­ful moun­tains and waters in a vil­lage e in Zhe­jiang Prov­ince nce in south­east­ern China. Wa­ter and soil con­ser­va­tion is the heart of green agri­cul­tural l de­vel­op­ment. by y Zhang Cheng/xin­hua nhua

April 28, 2017: Drones spray pest­cides onto wheat fields in a vil­lage in Shan­dong Prov­ince. The eastern coastal prov­ince is ac­tively de­vel­op­ing eco­log­i­cally friendly and highly ef­fi­cient agri­cul­ture. by Zhao Yuguo/xin­hua

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