Trend­ing Top­ics at 2018 “Two Ses­sions”

China Pictorial (English) - - FRONT PAGE -

Edited by Hu Zhoumeng

In March 2018, the 13th Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress (NPC), China’s top leg­is­la­ture, and the 13th Na­tional Com­mit­tee of the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s Po­lit­i­cal Con­sul­ta­tive Con­fer­ence (CPPCC), China’s po­lit­i­cal ad­vi­sory body, will hold their first an­nual ses­sions (known as the “Two Ses­sions”) in Bei­jing. Newly elected NPC deputies and CPPCC Na­tional Com­mit­tee mem­bers will gather to dis­cuss crit­i­cal is­sues con­cern­ing the coun­try’s devel­op­ment. What top­ics will in­spire the great­est con­cern na­tion­wide or even world­wide? China Pic­to­rial has a few pre­dic­tions.

Con­sti­tu­tion Amend­ment: Ad­vanc­ing with the Times

China’s cur­rent Con­sti­tu­tion was adopted in 1982 and re­vised in 1988, 1993, 1999 and 2004, evolv­ing with the devel­op­ment of the re­form and open­ing up and so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion.

At the Two Ses­sions, a draft amend­ment to the Con­sti­tu­tion will be sub­mit­ted to the NPC for de­lib­er­a­tion. The re­vi­sion is ex­pected to place more fo­cus on the will of the peo­ple, bet­ter uti­lize the strength of so­cial­ism with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics and bet­ter meet the de­mand to im­prove the long-term gov­er­nance ca­pac­ity of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC), to ad­vance law-based gov­er­nance and to pro­mote mod­ern­iza­tion of China’s sys­tem and ca­pac­ity for gov­er­nance.

Anti-graft Net­work­ing

Re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sory sys­tem has rolled out across China. Su­per­vi­sory com­mit­tees at provin­cial, mu­nic­i­pal and county lev­els have grad­u­ally come into shape to re­al­ize full cov­er­age over all em­ploy­ees with pub­lic power. The com­mit­tees are es­tab­lished to in­te­grate func­tions such as anti-graft and anti-mis­con­duct in ad­min­is­tra­tive and ju­di­ciary sys­tems and to fight cor­rup­tion ef­fec­tively and ef­fi­ciently.

Dur­ing the Two Ses­sions, the draft law on na­tional su­per­vi­sion will be sub­mit­ted to the NPC for de­lib­er­a­tion. “The leg­is­la­tion of the na­tional su­per­vi­sion law will help pro­mote re­form of the na­tional su­per­vi­sory sys­tem on track with law-based gov­er­nance,” said Zhuang Deshui, deputy di­rec­tor of the Re­search Cen­ter for Gov­ern­ment In­tegrity Build­ing at Pek­ing Univer­sity.

New Lead­er­ship Elec­tion

The 19th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee elected a new cen­tral lead­er­ship at its first ple­nary ses­sion in Oc­to­ber 2017. Dur­ing the Two Ses­sions, the NPC, China’s cen­tral gov­ern­ment, Supreme Peo­ple’s Court and Supreme Peo­ple’s Procu­ra­torate will also elect and de­cide on new lead­er­ship, as will the CPPCC Na­tional Com­mit­tee.

The year 2018 marks the be­gin­ning of com­pre­hen­sive im­ple­men­ta­tion of the poli­cies made at the 19th CPC Na­tional Congress, a de­ci­sive year for China to com­plete the build­ing of a mod­er­ately pros­per­ous so­ci­ety in all re­spects as well as a cru­cial year to im­ple­ment the 13th Five-year Plan. How the new lead­ers will start their work has in­spired con­sid­er­able spec­u­la­tion.

New Chap­ter for Re­form and Open­ing Up

This year marks the 40th an­niver­sary of China’s re­form and open­ing up. China will in­tro­duce new and more pow­er­ful mea­sures to strengthen the re­form and open­ing up, some of which may ex­ceed in­ter­na­tional ex­pec­ta­tions, re­vealed Liu He, a mem­ber of the Po­lit­i­cal Bureau of the 19th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee and di­rec­tor of the Gen­eral Of­fice of the Cen­tral Lead­ing Group for Fi­nan­cial and Eco­nomic Af­fairs, at the an­nual World Eco­nomic Fo­rum in Jan­uary. The coun­try’s new plans and strate­gies for re­forms are draw­ing in­tense at­ten­tion.

A bird’s-eye view of Phase Four of Shang­hai Yang­shan Deep-wa­ter Port, the world’s largest au­to­mated ter­mi­nal. IC

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