Bay Area 3.0

In the new era of “One Coun­try, Two Sys­tems,” Bay Area 3.0 is grad­u­ally emerg­ing as hu­mans con­tinue to blaze trails across wa­ters. he bridge fa­cil­i­tates travel from one piece of land to an­other. It is a con­duit from the known to the un­known and to the inf

China Pictorial (English) - - CONTENTS - Text by Duan Wei

is now He­bei Province, is the long­est and old­est stone bridge of its kind. The bridge fea­tures two small side arches on ei­ther side of the main arch. The side arches have two im­por­tant func­tions: They re­duce the to­tal weight of the bridge and al­low runoff from floods to pass through. The de­sign is as prag­matic as it is beau­ti­ful. The Zhaozhou Bridge has stood for over 1,400 years and sur­vived sev­eral pow­er­ful earth­quakes.

Bridges are sym­bols for China’s re­sis­tance to for­eign in­va­sions. The Lu­gou Bridge in Bei­jing was com­pleted in 1192 across the Yongding River. It is a ma­jor chan­nel for trans­porta­tion through south­west­ern Bei­jing. The bridge has pre­served 501 stone li­ons carved on 281 balus­ters. Renowned Ital­ian trav­eler Marco Polo even men­tioned it as a “beau­ti­ful stone bridge in Cam­baluc (present­day Bei­jing)” in his writ­ing. The Lu­gou Bridge once served as a ma­jor mil­i­tary strong­hold. The Peip­ing-han­kou Rail­way that con­nected China’s north­ern and south­ern parts stretched over this river. In 1937, the in­vad­ing Ja­panese troops used the Lu­gou Bridge In­ci­dent as pre­tense for full-fledged in­va­sion of China. It marked the on­set of the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s War of Re­sis­tance Against Ja­panese Ag­gres­sion na­tion­wide. Fang Dazeng, an em­i­nent war cor­re­spon­dent, once cap­tured the scene of Chi­nese sol­diers fully equipped for bat­tle gaz­ing at the stone li­ons on the bridge with his cam­era, il­lus­trat­ing China’s re­solve to re­pel

the Ja­panese in­vaders.

Bridges are trea­sures. Those de­stroyed are usu­ally re­built. De­spite be­ing de­stroyed and re­built dur­ing wartime, the Qiantang River Bridge has en­dured for over 80 years. It is as firm as in the past. The bridge holds many records among China’s his­tor­i­cal bridges. It also weath­ered bat­tles along the Qiantang River dur­ing the Chi­nese Peo­ple’s War of Re­sis­tance Against Ja­panese Ag­gres­sion. On De­cem­ber 23, 1937, to stop Ja­panese troops from head­ing to­wards south across the Qiantang River Bridge, the Kuom­intang gov­ern­ment bombed it. Mao Yisheng, de­signer of the bridge, wrote in in­dig­na­tion that “China will pre­vail! The bridge will be re­cov­ered!” In 1946, Mao re­turned to Hangzhou to re­build the bridge. In May 1953, rails and roads across the bridge were opened to traf­fic and his dream even­tu­ally came true. On Septem­ber 26, 1987, on the 50th an­niver­sary of con­struc­tion of the Qiantang River Bridge, Mao, who by then had been wheelchair­bound for years, in­sisted on step­ping back on the bridge. Ac­com­pa­nied by his daugh­ter, Mao tot­tered onto the bridge, sup­ported by the handrail. He lin­gered on the bridge in si­lence, gaz­ing at the sur­face of the tor­rent.

Bridges are sym­bols of the rapid devel­op­ment of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China. The Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, de­signed by a group of spe­cial­ists headed by Mao Yisheng, was the first bridge to span the Yangtze River. It is also the first dou­bledeck road-rail bridge built since the found­ing of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China in 1949. Con­struc­tion be­gan on Septem­ber 1, 1955 and com­menced from both banks (Wuchang and Hanyang, two of the three sec­tions of the city of Wuhan in cen­tral China), march­ing to­wards the cen­ter of the river si­mul­ta­ne­ously. Con­struc­tion was com­pleted in Oc­to­ber 1957, 15 months ahead of sched­ule. The bridge con­nects the three parts of Wuhan City and the Bei­jing-guangzhou Rail­way that passes over the Yangtze River, a ma­jor im­prove­ment for trans­porta­tion across the third long­est river in the world. “The bridge spans the Yangtze River, con­vert­ing the nat­u­ral moat into a thor­ough­fare,” wrote Chair­man Mao Ze­dong.

Bridges not only nar­row phys­i­cal dis­tance, but also pro­mote the devel­op­ment of con­nected ar­eas. Thanks to bridges, mankind

can reach across not only streams, but also rivers, lakes and wa­ters as wide as oceans.

Of thou­sands of fa­mous bays and hun­dreds of well-known gulf cities across the world, the New York Bay Area, San Fran­cisco Bay Area and Tokyo Bay are most de­vel­oped.

The first-gen­er­a­tion Bay Area fea­tured har­bors and ports. It was fol­lowed by Bay Area Ver­sion 2.0, which falls into three cat­e­gories: Ad­vanced man­u­fac­tur­ing (such as the Tokyo Bay); fi­nan­cial ser­vices (rep­re­sented by the New York Bay Area); sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion (like the San Fran­cisco Bay Area).

Bridges sup­port trans­porta­tion in those ar­eas, in­clud­ing the Great Seto Bridge and Tokyo Gate Bridge in the Tokyo Bay, the Brook­lyn Bridge and Ge­orge Wash­ing­ton Bridge in the New York Bay Area and the San Fran­cisco-oak­land Bay Bridge and Golden Gate Bridge in the San Fran­cisco Bay Area. Such struc­tures help the in­te­gra­tion and con­nec­tion of in­fra­struc­ture around the bays and be­come driv­ers of re­gional devel­op­ment.

The in­no­va­tive Chi­nese peo­ple long for rich bridge nar­ra­tives.

Cities around the Pearl River Delta were the first to in­tro­duce the pol­icy of re­form and open­ing up. With the ge­o­graph­i­cal ad­van­tage of prox­im­ity to Hong Kong and Macao, this re­gion fea­tures the big­gest piece of China’s ex­ported-ori­ented econ­omy and the most ad­vanced mech­a­nisms of the mar­ket econ­omy, and serves as a plat­form for China’s par­tic­i­pa­tion in eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion and in­ter­na­tional di­vi­sion of la­bor. The con­cept of a Greater Bay Area is be­com­ing in­creas­ingly clear un­der the frame­work of “One Coun­try, Two Sys­tems” and due to the fact that Guang­dong Province, Hong Kong and Macao have be­come im­por­tant part­ners in the co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment of the re­gion.

Since the 1980s, trans­porta­tion be­tween China’s main­land, Hong Kong and Macao, es­pe­cially the land trans­porta­tion in­fra­struc­ture be­tween Hong Kong and the east bank of the Pearl River Delta, has achieved im­pres­sive progress. It en­sures and drives the co­or­di­nated devel­op­ment of Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta area. How­ever, the con­nec­tion be­tween Hong Kong and the west bank of the Pearl River Delta has re­mained weak. Af­ter the Asian fi­nan­cial cri­sis of 1997, the gov­ern­ment of the Hong Kong Spe­cial Ad­min­is­tra­tive Re­gion found it nec­es­sary to build a crosssea chan­nel con­nect­ing Hong Kong, Macao and Zhuhai to fully lever­age the ad­van­tages of the two spe­cial ad­min­is­tra­tive re­gions and boost the econ­omy of Hong Kong. Thus, it pro­posed con­struc­tion of the Hong Kong-zhuhai-macao Bridge to the cen­tral gov­ern­ment in 2002.

A decade later, a mag­nif­i­cent bridge fi­nally shim­mers over the Lingdingyang Chan­nel. On Fe­bru­ary 6, 2018, ma­jor work on the world’s long­est cross-sea bridge passed au­thor­i­ties’ eval­u­a­tion. The check proved that the qual­ity of the main struc­ture of the bridge is up to stan­dard and re­li­able. The bridge is suit­able for trial op­er­a­tion.

In the new era of “One Coun­try, Two Sys­tems,” Bay Area 3.0 is grad­u­ally emerg­ing as hu­mans con­tinue to blaze trails across wa­ters.

The Beipan River Bridge link­ing Duge Town of Li­u­pan­shui City in Guizhou Province and Puli Town­ship of Xuan­wei City in Yun­nan Province, which opened to traf­fic at the end of 2016. VCG

The Su­tong Yangtze River Bridge has one of the long­est main spans of any sus­pen­sion bridges in the world. Com­pleted in 2008, it spans the Yangtze River be­tween Nan­tong and Suzhou. by Wu Yingchen

The Lhasa River Bridge is a land­mark project of the Qing­hai-ti­bet Rail­way. When it was com­pleted in 2005, the bridge won the Lu Ban Prize, the high­est prize for a Chi­nese ar­chi­tec­tural project. CFB

Oc­to­ber 1957: The Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge opens to traf­fic. It is the first bridge to cross the Yangtze River. by Li Lany­ing and Li Jilu

The Zhaozhou Bridge, built by renowned ar­ti­san Li Chun of the Sui Dy­nasty (581618) in what is now He­bei Province, is the long­est and old­est stone bridge of its kind. CFB

The Rain­bow Bridge is a sus­pen­sion bridge cross­ing the north­ern Tokyo Bay. by Wang Yun­cong

The Golden Gate Bridge was built in 1937. The San Fran­cisco Bay Area it con­nected is a ma­jor global eco­nomic and cul­tural hub. CFB

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