In­ter­net Court

China Pictorial (English) - - BUZZ WORDS - Edited by Li Zhuoxi

China has launched the world’s first In­ter­net Court in the e-com­merce hub of Hangzhou, Zhe­jiang Prov­ince. With on­line ev­i­dence col­lec­tion and speedy tri­als for in­ter­net-re­lated dis­putes, the court is ex­plor­ing new meth­ods to han­dle in­ter­ne­tre­lated cases. China’s Chief Jus­tice Zhou Qiang talked about the in­sti­tu­tion while de­liv­er­ing a work re­port on the Supreme Peo­ple’s Court at the first ses­sion of the 13th Na­tional Peo­ple’s Congress in March.

With the rapid de­vel­op­ment of the in­ter­net and mo­bile in­ter­net, many in­ter­net-re­lated cases have emerged, in­volv­ing on­line copy­right in­fringe­ment, fraud and per­sonal in­for­ma­tion theft. Most cases are cross-re­gional. In tra­di­tional ju­di­cial hear­ings, con­cerned par­ties must ap­pear in court many times and some even have to travel to an­other city, which can be pro­hib­i­tively ex­pen­sive for many. Fur­ther­more, judges of grass­roots courts have mea­ger ex­pe­ri­ence in han­dling new and dif­fi­cult cases in­volv­ing mod­ern tech. There­fore, the In­ter­net Court emerged due to de­mands of the times to adapt to eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment and the needs of the peo­ple.

Con­trast­ing tra­di­tional courts, the In­ter­net Court spe­cial­izes in han­dling in­ter­net-re­lated cases on­line. By re­mov­ing cases from the tra­di­tional trial sys­tem, the court makes good use of big data to com­par­a­tively an­a­lyze the crim­i­nal cases and sum­ma­rize char­ac­ter­is­tics to form a set of struc­tured and stan­dard­ized ju­di­cial pro­ce­dures and rules, com­plet­ing the whole process from case fil­ing to judg­ment. The In­ter­net Court is also pro­fes­sional—its judges are not only pro­fi­cient in the law, but also in matters re­lated to the in­ter­net, eco­nomics and fi­nance.

The es­tab­lish­ment of an In­ter­net Court to ex­plore lit­i­ga­tion rules and trial mech­a­nisms for in­ter­net-re­lated cases that en­sures judges’ pro­fes­sion­al­ism could en­hance the ju­di­cial sys­tem and pro­mote fair­ness as well as the healthy de­vel­op­ment of the in­ter­net econ­omy.

Au­gust 18, 2017: An in­ter­net court in Hangzhou tries a case in­volv­ing on­line copy­right in­fringe­ment. IC

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