In­tel­li­gent Man­u­fac­tur­ing Reshapes Global Trade

In­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing will cre­ate new op­por­tu­ni­ties for global trade in pro­mot­ing its in­clu­sive­ness, in­no­va­tion, uni­ver­sal ben­e­fits and green devel­op­ment.

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents - Text by Huang Yanghua

The global in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tions have not only di­rectly af­fected the global in­dus­trial lay­out but also pro­foundly re­shaped global trade pat­terns. Af­ter the first in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, trade of com­modi­ties and raw ma­te­ri­als in­creased sharply world­wide. Af­ter the sec­ond in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion greatly ac­cel­er­ated and the global in­dus­trial divi­sion net­work ex­panded. Af­ter the third in­dus­trial rev­o­lu­tion, the spread of in­for­ma­tion, tech­nol­ogy and cap­i­tal has made all coun­tries in the world com­pose a com­mu­nity with shared in­ter­ests.

In re­cent years, the new gen­er­a­tion of com­mu­ni­ca­tions tech­nol­ogy has ac­cel­er­ated full pen­e­tra­tion into pro­duc­tion and con­sump­tion fields, which has re­de­fined both the pro­duc­tion process and con­sump­tion pat­terns. The global trend of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing has in­creas­ingly be­come the norm, and global trade pat­terns have grad­u­ally changed.

For most coun­tries in the world, for­eign trade is a “mir­ror” to re­flect the sta­tus of their in­dus­try in the global value chain. Now, many coun­tries are car­ry­ing out strate­gic lay­out of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing to re­shape their global in­dus­trial com­pet­i­tive­ness.

Over­all, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing is con­ducive to boost­ing global in­vest­ment and trade growth, which will pro­vide new mo­men­tum to help speed up the slow re­cov­ery of the world econ­omy since the 2008 global fi­nan­cial cri­sis.

Com­par­ing the rep­re­sen­ta­tive in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing devel­op­ment plans of the United States, Ger­many, Ja­pan and China, it seems that the ma­jor in­dus­trial coun­tries tend to de­velop their strengths and avoid their weak­nesses, ac­tively seek­ing a devel­op­ment model for in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing that strength­ens their com­par­a­tive ad­van­tages.

Mean­while, the vary­ing devel­op­ment mod­els of in­tel­li­gent nt man­u­fac­tur­ing of ma­jor coun­tries have cre­ated new space for fu­ture global eco­nomic and trade e co­op­er­a­tion.

Firstly, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing ring will re­shape the com­par­a­tive ad­vanan­tages, and the level of in­tel­li­gence e will be­come the main de­ter­mi­nant nt of global trade com­pet­i­tive­ness. With the devel­op­ment of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing, the com­pet­i­tive ad­van­tages of prod­ucts will no longer be de­ter­mined by cost com­pe­ti­tion, but by how to pro­duce uce more per­son­al­ized and higher value- added prod­ucts with the help of more in­tel­li­gent equip­ment, nt, which will fur­ther widen the value ue gap be­tween high and low val­ueadded prod­ucts and re­con­struct the global value chain.

More­over, the new equip­ment t sup­port­ing the devel­op­ment of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing be­longs gs to tech­nol­ogy and cap­i­tal in­ten­sive ve prod­ucts, which con­forms to the com­par­a­tive ad­van­tages of some coun­tries.

There­fore, af­ter ex­ten­sive de­velvel­op­ment of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ring, the com­par­a­tive ad­van­tages of dif­fer­ent coun­tries will change dras­ras­ti­cally. Only by pro­mot­ing prac­ti­cal cal co­op­er­a­tion can more peo­ple share are the div­i­dends of hu­man tech­nol­o­gog­i­cal progress and en­hance the in­clu­clu- sive­ness of global trade.

Se­condly, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing will pro­mote the de­vel- op­ment of in­dus­trial in­te­gra­tion, which will cause the dis­tinc­tion be­tween goods and ser­vices trade e to be­come more blurred. Con­sid­er­ing ng that pro­duc­tion work of the manu­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try will be mainly per­formed by high- ef­fi­ciency and d high-in­tel­li­gence equip­ment in the he fu­ture, the op­er­a­tions of man­u­fac­tur­ing en­ter­prises will shift to re­search and devel­op­ment, de­sign, n, IT, lo­gis­tics, mar­ket­ing and other r

pro­duc­tion ser­vices. Pro­duc­tion ser­vices will be­come the bulk of the fu­ture man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try.

In ad­di­tion, the in­ter­net en­vi­ron­ment will al­low the prod­ucts from the man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try to pro­vide many in­tel­li­gent ser­vices. For ex­am­ple, Ap­ple’s mo­bile phone is an in­dus­trial prod­uct, but the com­pany mainly fo­cuses on re­search and devel­op­ment, de­sign, mar­ket­ing and other ser­vices, so that its users can en­joy good net­work ser­vices.

In­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing ac­cel­er­ates the in­te­gra­tion of man­u­fac­tur­ing and ser­vice in­dus­tries as well as the in­te­gra­tion of global trade in goods and ser­vices. Many in­no­va­tion and start-up ac­tiv­i­ties are ex­pected emerge in fields with deep in­dus­trial in­te­gra­tion, bring­ing more vi­tal­ity to the global econ­omy and trade. There­fore, coun­tries around the world should look to re­form the ex­ist­ing global trade sta­tis­ti­cal and gov­er­nance sys­tems to bet­ter adapt to the new pat­tern of global trade and en­hance its in­no­va­tion power.

Thirdly, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing will change the em­ploy­ment struc­ture and stim­u­late struc­tural changes in pop­u­la­tions ben­e­fit­ing from lib­er­al­iza­tion and fa­cil­i­ta­tion of global trade, which de­mands that all coun­tries strengthen pol­icy com­mu­ni­ca­tion and co­or­di­na­tion. De­mand for la­bor in the man­u­fac­tur­ing sec­tor will re­duce as a re­sult of the ex­ten­sive use of in­tel­li­gent equip­ment. The main em­ploy­ment group in the man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try will be pro­fes­sion­als who pro­vide ser­vice sup­port for pro­duc­tion.

The em­ploy­ment struc­ture of the in­dus­try will de­velop to­wards a grow­ing sec­tor of ser­vice em­ploy­ment. Ac­cord­ingly, all coun­tries should strengthen co­op­er­a­tion in ed­u­ca­tion, train­ing and so­cial se­cu­rity sys­tems, jointly cope with the chal­lenges brought by the ad­just­ment of global trade pat­terns and en­hance the in­clu­sive­ness of global trade.

Fourthly, in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing will pro­mote the devel­op­ment of green in­dus­tries and will also fa­cil­i­tate more en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly global trade. With the sup­port of in­tel­li­gent sys­tems, en­ter­prises can more ac­cu­rately im­ple­ment re­source man­age­ment, en­ergy man­age­ment and lo­gis­tics man­age­ment to re­duce re­source con­sump­tion and pol­lu­tion emis­sions in pro­duc­tion. This will help im­prove the ef­fi­ciency of global pro­duc­tion, cir­cu­la­tion, con­sump­tion and re­source re­cy­cling, ef­fec­tively re­duc­ing the “car­bon con­tent” of global trade and pro­mot­ing green devel­op­ment.

The devel­op­ment of in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing go­ing in a high- end, ser­vice- ori­ented and green di­rec­tion will in­ject im­pe­tus into eco­nomic glob­al­iza­tion and cre­ate new op­por­tu­ni­ties for the in­clu­sive, in­no­va­tive, uni­ver­sally ben­e­fi­cial and green devel­op­ment of global trade.

At the same time, it may be ac­com­pa­nied by new ad­just­ments of the foun­da­tion, com­pe­ti­tion modes and in­come dis­tri­bu­tion mech­a­nisms of global trade, which re­quires prag­matic co­op­er­a­tion, en­hanced pol­icy co­or­di­na­tion and joint ef­forts of all coun­tries to pro­mote the re­form of the global trad­ing sys­tem.

Septem­ber 3, 2018: Work­ers on the pro­duc­tion line of the Xuan­hua branch of Beiqi Fo­ton Mo­tor Co., Ltd. in Zhangji­akou City, He­bei Prov­ince. The com­pany pro­motes in­tel­li­gent man­u­fac­tur­ing of heavy- duty spe­cial ve­hi­cles and new prod­uct re­search and devel­op­ment. It has formed a pro­duc­tion base of heavy- duty spe­cial ve­hi­cles cen­tered in the Xuan­hua branch of Beiqi Fo­ton Mo­tor Co., Ltd. VCG

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