Reform and Opening Up: Milestone Events
1977 College Entrance Examination Resumes
In September 1977, China decided to resume the national college entrance examination that had been suspended for 10 years during the “cultural revolution” ( 1966-1976). Millions of young people from all walks of life took the exam, among whom many passed and were admitted to colleges. These students’ lives were totally changed, and they became the foundation of human capital that was needed for the nation’s fast growth.
1978 Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
From December 18 to 22, 1978, the Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) was held in Beijing, which passed the historic decision to shift the focus of the Party and country’s work to economic development. This meeting marked the start of China’s reform and opening up and socialist modernization.
1979 Shenzhen Special Economic Zone
Shenzhen was designated as a Special Economic Zone along with Zhuhai, Shantou and Xiamen. On July 8, 1979, an infrastructure project in Shekou Industrial Zone in Shenzhen began construction. The idea of innovation and the pioneering spirit of looking to the accomplishments of others exerted a major influence on China’s reform and opening up and spread to the whole nation. China’s opening accelerated thereafter.
Diplomatic Ties between China and U. S. Established
After U. S. President Richard Nixon’s visit to China in 1972, which broke the ice between the two countries, the People’s Republic of China (PRC) and the United States formally established diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level in 1979. This milestone event opened the door or for China’s exchange with the West and its gradual absorption of trends of the world.
1980 First Private Restaurant Opens
In 1980, the first private restaurant, nt, Yuebin, opened. Despite its humble ble space and relatively simple decora- ation, it was still something new. It benefited from the policy of opening ning up and invigorating the economy proposed at the Third Plenary Session ssion of the 11th CPC Central Committee. e.
1981 Resolution on Certain Questions inthe the History of our Party since the Founding of the prc
In June 1981, the Sixth Plenary Session ssion of the 11th CPC Central Committee e approved the Resolution on Certain n Questions inthe History of Our Party y
since the Founding of the PRC, correctly ectly summarizing the major historical events of the Party since the founding nding of the PRC, particularly the “cultural ral revolution.” The Resolution realisti- tically evaluated the historic role played ayed by Mao Zedong in the Chinese revolu- volution and fully elaborated on the great reat significance of Mao Zedong Thought ght as the guiding ideology of the Party, rty, laying critical political foundation for China’s development.