Re­form and Open­ing Up: Mile­stone Events

China Pictorial (English) - - Front Page - Con­cept by Chi­napic­to­rial Pho­to­graphs cour­tesy of CFB un­less oth­er­wise cred­ited

1977 Col­lege En­trance Ex­am­i­na­tion Re­sumes

In Septem­ber 1977, China de­cided to re­sume the na­tional col­lege en­trance ex­am­i­na­tion that had been sus­pended for 10 years dur­ing the “cul­tural revo­lu­tion” ( 1966-1976). Mil­lions of young peo­ple from all walks of life took the exam, among whom many passed and were ad­mit­ted to col­leges. Th­ese stu­dents’ lives were to­tally changed, and they be­came the foun­da­tion of hu­man cap­i­tal that was needed for the na­tion’s fast growth.

1978 Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 11th Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China

From De­cem­ber 18 to 22, 1978, the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 11th Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) was held in Bei­jing, which passed the his­toric de­ci­sion to shift the fo­cus of the Party and coun­try’s work to eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment. This meet­ing marked the start of China’s re­form and open­ing up and so­cial­ist mod­ern­iza­tion.

1979 Shen­zhen Spe­cial Eco­nomic Zone

Shen­zhen was des­ig­nated as a Spe­cial Eco­nomic Zone along with Zhuhai, Shan­tou and Xi­a­men. On July 8, 1979, an in­fra­struc­ture project in Shekou In­dus­trial Zone in Shen­zhen be­gan con­struc­tion. The idea of in­no­va­tion and the pi­o­neer­ing spirit of look­ing to the ac­com­plish­ments of oth­ers ex­erted a ma­jor in­flu­ence on China’s re­form and open­ing up and spread to the whole na­tion. China’s open­ing ac­cel­er­ated there­after.

Diplo­matic Ties be­tween China and U. S. Es­tab­lished

Af­ter U. S. Pres­i­dent Richard Nixon’s visit to China in 1972, which broke the ice be­tween the two coun­tries, the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China (PRC) and the United States for­mally es­tab­lished diplo­matic re­la­tions at the am­bas­sado­rial level in 1979. This mile­stone event opened the door or for China’s ex­change with the West and its grad­ual ab­sorp­tion of trends of the world.

1980 First Pri­vate Restau­rant Opens

In 1980, the first pri­vate restau­rant, nt, Yue­bin, opened. De­spite its hum­ble ble space and rel­a­tively sim­ple dec­ora- ation, it was still some­thing new. It ben­e­fited from the pol­icy of open­ing ning up and in­vig­o­rat­ing the econ­omy pro­posed at the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion ssion of the 11th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee. e.

1981 Res­o­lu­tion on Cer­tain Ques­tions inthe the His­tory of our Party since the Found­ing of the prc

In June 1981, the Sixth Ple­nary Ses­sion ssion of the 11th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee e ap­proved the Res­o­lu­tion on Cer­tain n Ques­tions inthe His­tory of Our Party y

since the Found­ing of the PRC, cor­rectly ectly sum­ma­riz­ing the ma­jor his­tor­i­cal events of the Party since the found­ing nd­ing of the PRC, par­tic­u­larly the “cul­tural ral revo­lu­tion.” The Res­o­lu­tion re­al­isti- tically eval­u­ated the his­toric role played ayed by Mao Ze­dong in the Chi­nese rev­olu- vo­lu­tion and fully elab­o­rated on the great reat sig­nif­i­cance of Mao Ze­dong Thought ght as the guid­ing ide­ol­ogy of the Party, rty, laying crit­i­cal po­lit­i­cal foun­da­tion for China’s de­vel­op­ment.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.