So­cial Gov­er­nance on De­mand

Re­spond­ing to China’s real­i­ties, ad­her­ing to a peo­ple- cen­tered phi­los­o­phy and ex­plor­ing im­prove­ment of gov­er­nance at all lev­els have been the core val­ues of China’s so­cial gov­er­nance re­form over the past 40 years of re­form and open­ing up.

China Pictorial (English) - - Contents - Text by Wei Liqun

As China has im­ple­mented the re­form and open­ing-up pol­icy for 40 years, the Chi­nese road and ex­pe­ri­ence in the new era have be­come suc­cess­ful ref­er­ences for the world. Over the four decades, the re­form and open­ing up has lib­er­ated the Chi­nese econ­omy from its shack­les, raised pro­duc­tiv­ity, greatly pro­moted and ac­cel­er­ated the over­all de­vel­op­ment of Chi­nese so­ci­ety, and ex­ten­sively and pro­foundly changed so­cial gov­er­nance in China.

Over the 40 years of China’s re­form and open­ing up, de­vel­op­ments and changes in so­cial gov­er­nance can be roughly di­vided into three stages:

The first stage, from the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 11th Cen­tral Com­mit­tee of the Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) in 1978 to the 14th CPC Na­tional Congress in 1992, saw key break­throughs in chang­ing the highly cen­tral­ized and planned eco­nomic sys­tem and so­cial gov­er­nance sys­tem by re­lax­ing con­trol of so­cial gov­er­nance and al­lo­cat­ing re­sources to ac­ti­vate so­cial de­vel­op­ment.

Dur­ing the sec­ond stage, from the 14th CPC Na­tional Congress in 1992 to the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress in 2012, China mainly built a frame­work of so­cial gov­er­nance com­pat­i­ble with the so­cial­ist mar­ket econ­omy and ac­tively ex­plored new ways of so­cial gov­er­nance with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics to en­hance the vi­tal­ity of so­cial de­vel­op­ment and build a har­mo­nious so­ci­ety.

The third stage, from the 18th CPC Na­tional Congress to present, is guided by Xi Jin­ping Thought on So­cial­ism with Chi­nese Char­ac­ter­is­tics for a New Era. China is com­pre­hen­sively deep­en­ing so­cial gov­er­nance re­form, mod­ern­iz­ing the na­tional gov­er­nance sys­tem and ca­pa­bil­ity, and pro­mot­ing vig­or­ous, har­mo­nious and or­derly op­er­a­tion of so­ci­ety.

With other coun­tries’ ex­pe­ri­ence as ref­er­ence when mod­ern­iza­tion ac­cel­er­ates, the evo­lu­tion of the so­cial sys­tem and struc­ture is of­ten com­pli­cated and full of con­tra­dic­tions and vari­ables. Dur­ing the four

decades of rapid and pro­found so­cial changes, China has con­sis­tently main­tained sta­bil­ity and com­pre­hen­sive de­vel­op­ment. Chi­nese peo­ple feel they are well-served and happy with life. This is the most im­por­tant and re­mark­able achieve­ment in the field of so­cial gov­er­nance in China.

While seiz­ing suc­cess, China has ac­cu­mu­lated rich ex­pe­ri­ence in so­cial gov­er­nance.

One im­por­tant les­son is to per­sis­tently free the mind and work with China’s na­tional con­di­tions. The CPC holds the courage to ex­am­ine so­ci­ety with global vi­sion and the re­quire­ments of the era, and re­form of so­cial gov­er­nance al­ways re­flects in­no­va­tive trends of the times. China in­sists on re­spond­ing to na­tional con­di­tions and ex­plor­ing a road of so­cial gov­er­nance with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics. Like the re­form con­cern­ing eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment and gov­er­nance, the re­form of so­cial de­vel­op­ment and gov­er­nance also in­volves self-im­prove­ment and de­vel­op­ment of Chi­nese so­cial­ism. China has al­ways at­tached great im­por­tance to study­ing and draw­ing on the use­ful prac­tices of other coun­tries, but it has avoided blindly copy­ing their mod­els.

The peo­ple- cen­tered ap­proach re­lies on the peo­ple to in­no­vate the con­cepts and modes of so­cial gov­er­nance. This is the fun­da­men­tal rea­son China has achieved a se­ries of achieve­ments in so­cial gov­er­nance re­form. Pro­tect­ing le­git­i­mate rights and in­ter­ests of the peo­ple and cre­at­ing an en­vi­ron­ment that en­cour­ages cre­ativ­ity and in­no­va­tion are key to truly achiev­ing ef­fec­tive so­cial gov­er­nance.

At the same time, we should in­sist on over­all and co­or­di­nated ad­vance­ment and deepen mod­ern­iza­tion of so­cial gov­er­nance. In the in­for­ma­tion age, China has formed a large-scale and di­verse net­work so­ci­ety with com­plex­i­ties and risks that make so­cial gov­er­nance more dif­fi­cult. Ex­pe­ri­ence in gov­er­nance in this re­spect is that the CPC lead­er­ship al­ways pro­vides over­all di­rec­tion and co­or­di­na­tion and plays the role of a lead­ing core. While us­ing mod­ern in­for­ma­tion tech­nol­ogy to im­prove the qual­ity and ef­fi­ciency of so­cial gov­er­nance, the Party high­lights the ac­cu­mu­la­tion of cor­re­spond­ing ma­te­rial and eco­nomic strength in line with so­cial­ist eco­nomic, po­lit­i­cal, cul­tural and eco­log­i­cal gov­er­nance with Chi­nese char­ac­ter­is­tics, with an eye on achiev­ing mu­tu­ally com­ple­men­tary and in­ter­ac­tive de­vel­op­ment.

Back to 1994, Wen­zhou In­ter­na­tional Eco­nomic Law Firm was the only law firm en­gaged in in­ter­na­tional le­gal ser­vices in Zhe­jiang Province. Since the 14th CPC Na­tional Congress, some ba­sic as­pects of China's so­cial and eco­nomic life have grad­u­ally be­come law-based, pro­vid­ing an im­por­tant guar­an­tee for the coun­try's re­form and open­ing up. Xin­hua

May 1, 2003: Med­i­cal staffers pre­pare for the new Xiaotang­shan SARS Hospi­tal to re­ceive its first pa­tients. The out­break of SARS led to a com­pre­hen­sive re­flec­tion on the pub­lic gov­er­nance sys­tem by the Chi­nese govern­ment. The struc­ture of pub­lic power in China tar­gets open­ness, trans­parency, ac­count­abil­ity and ef­fi­ciency. Xin­hua

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