China Pictorial (English)

Tracing Chinese People’s Reading Memories

- Edited by Gong Haiying

The chosen reading material of Chinese people throughout history reveals much about the era in which they lived. Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the places, media, content, and consumptio­n methods of Chinese reading have changed profoundly with the times. The practice moved past paper to e-books and from renting books to collecting them. However, passion for reading and acquiring knowledge has remained consistent.

 ??  ?? ^ŜŶĐĞ ŝƚ ǁĂƐ Ĩŝƌɛƚ ĞƐƚĂĎŮŜƐŚĞ­Ě ŝŷ ZĂŶ͛ĂŶ ŝŷ ϭϵϯϳ͕ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŚĂƐ ŽƉĞŶĞĚ ĎƋĂŶĐŚĞƐ ĂĐƋŽƐƐ ŚŜŶĂ ĂŶĚ ĎĞĐŽŴĞ Ă ǀĞŶƵĞ ƚž ĂĐƋƵŜƋĞ ŬŶŽǁŮĞĚŐĞ ĨŽƋ ŐĞŶĞƋĂƚŜŽŶ­Ɛ ŽĨ
ŚŜŶĞƐĞ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ͘ WŜĐƚƵƋĞĚ ŝɛ Ă ŶĞǁŮLJ ŽƉĞŶĞĚ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ ZĂŶ͛ĂŶ ŝŷ ϭϵϱϰ͘ ďlj ,Ƶ ZƵĞͬYŜŶŚƵĂ
^ŜŶĐĞ ŝƚ ǁĂƐ Ĩŝƌɛƚ ĞƐƚĂĎŮŜƐŚĞ­Ě ŝŷ ZĂŶ͛ĂŶ ŝŷ ϭϵϯϳ͕ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŚĂƐ ŽƉĞŶĞĚ ĎƋĂŶĐŚĞƐ ĂĐƋŽƐƐ ŚŜŶĂ ĂŶĚ ĎĞĐŽŴĞ Ă ǀĞŶƵĞ ƚž ĂĐƋƵŜƋĞ ŬŶŽǁŮĞĚŐĞ ĨŽƋ ŐĞŶĞƋĂƚŜŽŶ­Ɛ ŽĨ ŚŜŶĞƐĞ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ͘ WŜĐƚƵƋĞĚ ŝɛ Ă ŶĞǁŮLJ ŽƉĞŶĞĚ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ ZĂŶ͛ĂŶ ŝŷ ϭϵϱϰ͘ ďlj ,Ƶ ZƵĞͬYŜŶŚƵĂ
 ??  ?? ^ŜŶĐĞ ƚŚĞ ĨŽƵŶĚŜŶŐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ WĞŽƉŮĞ͛Ɛ ZĞƉƵĎŮŜĐ ŽĨ ŚŜŶĂ͕ ŚŜŶĞƐĞ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ͛Ɛ ůŝǀŝŷő ƐƚĂŶĚĂƋĚƐ ŚĂǀĞ ŜŴƉƋŽǀĞĚ Ěƌăŵăƚŝđăů­ůlj͘ dśŝɛ ϭϵϱϱ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ Ă YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ Ğŝũŝŷő ƉĂĐŬĞĚ ǁŝƚś ƉĞŽƉŮĞ ĚƵƋŜŶŐ Ă ǁĞĞŬĞŶĚ͘
DŽĐĞƉƚ ĨŽƋ Ă ĨĞǁ ƐĂŴƉŮĞ ĎŽŽŬƐ͕ ƚŚĞ ŜŶǀĞŶƚŽƋLJ ǁĂƐ ŬĞƉƚ ĎĞŚŜŶĚ Ă ĐŽƵŶƚĞƋ͕ ĂŶĚ ĐƵƐƚŽŴĞƋƐ ŚĂĚ ƚž ĂƐŬ ĂŶ ĞŴƉŮŽLJĞĞ ĨŽƋ Ă ƚŝƚůğ͘ &
^ŜŶĐĞ ƚŚĞ ĨŽƵŶĚŜŶŐ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ WĞŽƉŮĞ͛Ɛ ZĞƉƵĎŮŜĐ ŽĨ ŚŜŶĂ͕ ŚŜŶĞƐĞ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ͛Ɛ ůŝǀŝŷő ƐƚĂŶĚĂƋĚƐ ŚĂǀĞ ŜŴƉƋŽǀĞĚ Ěƌăŵăƚŝđăů­ůlj͘ dśŝɛ ϭϵϱϱ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ Ă YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ Ğŝũŝŷő ƉĂĐŬĞĚ ǁŝƚś ƉĞŽƉŮĞ ĚƵƋŜŶŐ Ă ǁĞĞŬĞŶĚ͘ DŽĐĞƉƚ ĨŽƋ Ă ĨĞǁ ƐĂŴƉŮĞ ĎŽŽŬƐ͕ ƚŚĞ ŜŶǀĞŶƚŽƋLJ ǁĂƐ ŬĞƉƚ ĎĞŚŜŶĚ Ă ĐŽƵŶƚĞƋ͕ ĂŶĚ ĐƵƐƚŽŴĞƋƐ ŚĂĚ ƚž ĂƐŬ ĂŶ ĞŴƉŮŽLJĞĞ ĨŽƋ Ă ƚŝƚůğ͘ &
 ??  ?? dśŝɛ ϭϵϱϵ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ LJŽƵŶŐ ƋĞĂĚĞƋƐ ĂƐŬŜŶŐ Ă ƐĂŮĞƐƉĞƋƐŽ­Ŷ ĨŽƋ ĎŽŽŬƐ Ăƚ Ă YŜŶŚƵĂ ĐŚŜŮĚƋĞŶ͛Ɛ ĎŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ͘ ďlj >ŝ ^ŚƵͬ &
dśŝɛ ϭϵϱϵ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ LJŽƵŶŐ ƋĞĂĚĞƋƐ ĂƐŬŜŶŐ Ă ƐĂŮĞƐƉĞƋƐŽ­Ŷ ĨŽƋ ĎŽŽŬƐ Ăƚ Ă YŜŶŚƵĂ ĐŚŜŮĚƋĞŶ͛Ɛ ĎŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ͘ ďlj >ŝ ^ŚƵͬ &
 ??  ?? DŚĞ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ ĂŶ ƵŶŴĂŶŶĞĚ ĎŽŽŬ Ɛƚăůů ŝŷ ϭϵϱϯ͘ dž ŴĂŬĞ ŝƚ ĞĂƐŜĞƋ ĨŽƋ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ ƚž ĎƵLJ ĂŶĚ ƋĞĂĚ ĎŽŽŬƐ͕ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŜŶƚƋŽĚƵĐĞĚ ŝƚɛ Ĩŝƌɛƚ ƵŶŴĂŶŶĞĚ ĎŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ ^ŚĂŶŐŚĂŜ ŝŷ DĂLJ ϭϵϱϭ͘ ůů ĎŽŽŬƐ ǁĞƋĞ ŮĂĎĞŮĞĚ ǁŝƚś ƉƋŜĐĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ĎƵLJĞƋƐ ĚƋŽƉƉĞĚ ŴŽŶĞLJ ŝŷƚž Ă ĐĂƐŚ ďždž͘ &
DŚĞ ƉŚŽƚŽ ƐŚŽǁƐ ĂŶ ƵŶŴĂŶŶĞĚ ĎŽŽŬ Ɛƚăůů ŝŷ ϭϵϱϯ͘ dž ŴĂŬĞ ŝƚ ĞĂƐŜĞƋ ĨŽƋ ƉĞŽƉŮĞ ƚž ĎƵLJ ĂŶĚ ƋĞĂĚ ĎŽŽŬƐ͕ YŜŶŚƵĂ ŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŜŶƚƋŽĚƵĐĞĚ ŝƚɛ Ĩŝƌɛƚ ƵŶŴĂŶŶĞĚ ĎŽŽŬƐƚŽƋĞ ŝŷ ^ŚĂŶŐŚĂŜ ŝŷ DĂLJ ϭϵϱϭ͘ ůů ĎŽŽŬƐ ǁĞƋĞ ŮĂĎĞŮĞĚ ǁŝƚś ƉƋŜĐĞ͕ ĂŶĚ ĎƵLJĞƋƐ ĚƋŽƉƉĞĚ ŴŽŶĞLJ ŝŷƚž Ă ĐĂƐŚ ďždž͘ &
 ??  ?? From the 1950s to the 1980s, libraries were the primary public places to read to avoid standing in a Xinhua Bookstore. Pictured is the old National Library of China in 1950. CFB
From the 1950s to the 1980s, libraries were the primary public places to read to avoid standing in a Xinhua Bookstore. Pictured is the old National Library of China in 1950. CFB
 ??  ?? The photo shows people reading at a book stall in 1956. Back then, many second-hand books about literature, science, and technology were displayed at book stalls in Beijing Dong’an flea market, which consistent­ly attracted readers. by A. Hoffmannͬcfb
The photo shows people reading at a book stall in 1956. Back then, many second-hand books about literature, science, and technology were displayed at book stalls in Beijing Dong’an flea market, which consistent­ly attracted readers. by A. Hoffmannͬcfb
 ??  ?? After the founding of the People’s Zepublic of China in 1949, book exchange between the National Library of China and its foreign counterpar­ts developed fast. The library establishe­d a book exchange relationsh­ip with 135 institutio­ns in 38 countries during the 1950s. The photo shows staff of the National Library of China organizing foreign books in 1955. by heng Guanghuaͬcfb
After the founding of the People’s Zepublic of China in 1949, book exchange between the National Library of China and its foreign counterpar­ts developed fast. The library establishe­d a book exchange relationsh­ip with 135 institutio­ns in 38 countries during the 1950s. The photo shows staff of the National Library of China organizing foreign books in 1955. by heng Guanghuaͬcfb
 ??  ?? This 1972 photo shows two students reading a comic book by a river in Guilin, Guangxi huang Autonomous Zegion. by i MINGͬCFB
This 1972 photo shows two students reading a comic book by a river in Guilin, Guangxi huang Autonomous Zegion. by i MINGͬCFB
 ??  ?? This 1995 photo shows a bookstore at Peking University packed with customers. Newly enrolled students flooded into the bookstore to buy books and other reading materials, seeking to adapt to the intense schedule and heavy workload at Peking University, one of the country’s top institutio­ns of higher learning. by Chen Jianͬchina Pictorial
This 1995 photo shows a bookstore at Peking University packed with customers. Newly enrolled students flooded into the bookstore to buy books and other reading materials, seeking to adapt to the intense schedule and heavy workload at Peking University, one of the country’s top institutio­ns of higher learning. by Chen Jianͬchina Pictorial
 ??  ?? Establishe­d in 1998, the Beijing Book Building remains the largest state-owned bookstore with the most diverse offers in Beijing. To meet the new demands of readers in the internet era, it opened an online bookstore offering 160,000 titles on March 9, 1999, becoming the first Chinese bookseller to adopt digital operations. by Qi Hengͬxinhua
Establishe­d in 1998, the Beijing Book Building remains the largest state-owned bookstore with the most diverse offers in Beijing. To meet the new demands of readers in the internet era, it opened an online bookstore offering 160,000 titles on March 9, 1999, becoming the first Chinese bookseller to adopt digital operations. by Qi Hengͬxinhua

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