Xin­jiang Tian­shan Moun­tain

ChinAfrica - - CHINA ABC -

Xin­jiang Tian­shan Moun­tain com­prises four com­po­nents: To­mur, Kala­jun-kuer­den­ing, Bay­in­bukuke and Bogda. They are part of the Tian­shan moun­tain sys­tem of Cen­tral Asia, which is the largest moun­tain chain in the world’s tem­per­ate arid re­gion, and the largest iso­lated east-west moun­tain range glob­ally.

The beauty of the Tian­shan Moun­tain lies not only in its spec­tac­u­lar snow-capped moun­tains and glacier-capped peaks, beau­ti­ful forests and mead­ows, clear rivers and lakes and red bed canyons, but also in the com­bi­na­tion and con­trast be­tween the moun­tain el­e­ments and the vast deserts. The stark dif­fer­ence of bare rocks on its south slope and lux­u­ri­ant for­est and meadow on the north cre­ates a strik­ing vis­ual con­trast of en­vi­ron­ments which are hot and cold, dry and wet, des­o­late and lux­u­ri­ant – and of ex­cep­tional beauty.

Tian­shan Moun­tain is also an out­stand­ing ex­am­ple of on­go­ing bi­o­log­i­cal and eco­log­i­cal evo­lu­tion­ary process in a tem­per­ate arid zone. Alti­tu­di­nal vege­ta­tion dis­tri­bu­tions, sig­nif­i­cant dif­fer­ences be­tween north and south slopes, and di­ver­sity of flora, all il­lus­trate the bi­o­log­i­cal and eco­log­i­cal evo­lu­tion of the Pamir-tian­shan High­lands. Tian­shan has out­stand­ing bio­di­ver­sity and is an im­por­tant habi­tat for relic species, and nu­mer­ous rare and en­dan­gered species, as well as en­demic species. It pro­vides an ex­cel­lent ex­am­ple of the grad­ual re­place­ment of the orig­i­nal warm and wet flora by mod­ern xeric Mediter­ranean flora.

Among the many won­der­ful spots dis­trib­uted in the moun­tain, Tianchi, lit­er­ally mean­ing Heav­enly Lake, is one of the most pop­u­lar tourist des­ti­na­tions in China. It is half way up the north side of the Bogda peak and is tiny. The lake it­self is 3.5 km from south to north and 0.8-1.5 km from east to west, but a 380-square-km scenic re­gion is formed with it as the cen­ter. Pre­vi­ously known as Yaochi (Jade Lake), it fea­tures a clear and calm lake of wa­ter that mir­rors the snow-capped peaks and green­ery sur­round­ing it. This and many other beau­ti­ful spots in the re­gion at­tract tourists in the mil­lions each year.

Xin­jiang Tian­shan Moun­tain

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.