De­vel­op­ment Achieve­ments and Tech­ni­cal High­lights of En­ergy in Guang­dong Prov­ince

China's Foreign Trade (English) - - Special Report -

(i) Fur­ther en­hance­ment of en­ergy sup­ply ca­pac­ity

As of the end of 2016, Guang­dong Prov­ince’s in­stalled power-gen­er­at­ing ca­pac­ity has been about 106 mil­lion kilo­watts, (in­clud­ing 9.38 mil­lion kilo­watts of nu­clear power), which ad­di­tion­ally re­ceives about 35 mil­lion kilo­watts of elec­tric­ity from West-east Elec­tric­ity Trans­mis­sion Project, and its in­stalled ca­pac­ity of clean power (ex­cept coal-fired power) has ac­counted for 57% of the to­tal one of avail­able power in­side and out­side the prov­ince; its pro­cess­ing ca­pac­ity of crude oil has been up to 52 mil­lion tons per year, and its sup­ply­ing ca­pac­ity of nat­u­ral gas has been about 35 bil­lion cu­bic me­ters per year. Through a long pe­riod of con­tin­u­ous ef­forts, for our prov­ince’s source of en­ergy sup­ply, a pat­tern of “pro­vin­cial pro­duc­tion, do­mes­tic al­lo­ca­tion and trans­porta­tion and im­ported com­ple­men­ta­tion” has been ba­si­cally formed, a di­ver­si­fied en­ergy sup­ply sys­tem has been pre­lim­i­nar­ily es­tab­lished, and it can be gen­er­ally met the de­mands of eco­nomic and so­cial de­vel­op­ment.

(ii) Ef­fec­tive con­trol of en­ergy con­sump­tion

In 2016, Guang­dong Prov­ince’s to­tal en­ergy con­sump­tion was about 313 mil­lion tons of stan­dard coal, with the year-on-year growth of 3.9%; its elec­tric­ity con­sump­tion was 561 bil­lion kwh, with the year-on-year growth of 5.6%; and its en­ergy con­sump­tion per unit of GDP was 0.394 tons of stan­dard coal / RMB ten thou­sand, which was the sec­ond-low­est one (only next to Bei­jing); the pro­por­tion of coal, oil and other tra­di­tional fos­sil en­ergy was grad­u­ally re­duced, and its non-fos­sil en­ergy con­sump­tion ac­counted for 21%, which was 8% higher than the na­tional av­er­age one; its stan­dard coal con­sump­tion of coal-fired power sup­ply is 5g / kwh lower than the na­tional av­er­age one.

(iii) Re­mark­able ef­fects of en­ergy sav­ing and emis­sion re­duc­tion in elec­tric power in­dus­try

Guang­dong Prov­ince has fully com­pleted the desul­fu­r­iza­tion and de-ni­tri­fi­ca­tion of over 125 thou­sand kilo­watts of coal-fired gen­er­at­ing units, car­ried out ul­tra-low emis­sion and en­ergy-sav­ing trans­for­ma­tion of coal-fired power plants, ac­cel­er­ated the con­struc­tion of cen­tral­ized heat­ing ca­pac­ity in both in­dus­trial parks and in­dus­trial con­ver­gent ar­eas, there­fore not only the to­tal emis­sions of air pol­lu­tants in the elec­tric power in­dus­try has been de­creased sig­nif­i­cantly, but also the coal uti­liza­tion ef­fi­ciency has been in­creased greatly.

(iv) Ac­tive pro­mo­tion of en­ergy sys­tem and mech­a­nism re­form

Guang­dong Prov­ince has steadily pro­moted the re­form of en­ergy sys­tem and mech­a­nism, done a good job in the re­form and pi­lot of elec­tric­ity sales side, and taken the lead in the re­form and pi­lot of trans­mis­sion, dis­tri­bu­tion elec­tric­ity price, and nat­u­ral gas price, there­fore its over­all re­form of en­ergy sys­tem and mech­a­nism has been in the fore­front of our coun­try.

(v) Sig­nif­i­cant im­prove­ment of en­ergy use con­di­tions for ur­ban and ru­ral res­i­dents

Over­loaded equip­ment in the ru- ral power grid, “bot­tle­necks” of power sup­ply, low-volt­age and other prob­lems have been solved ef­fi­ciently, and the power sup­ply ca­pac­ity has been fur­ther im­proved; there­fore the qual­ity and re­li­a­bil­ity of ru­ral elec­tric­ity have been en­hanced dras­ti­cally. In ad­di­tion, the uti­liza­tion and pop­u­lar­iza­tion rate of nat­u­ral gas for ur­ban res­i­dents has been fur­ther in­creased. II. Ad­vanced En­ergy Tech­nolo­gies

(i) Ob­vi­ous im­prove­ment of en­ergy tech­nol­ogy and equip­ment level

The level of coal-fired power, nu­clear power, re­new­able en­ergy, power grid and other en­ergy tech­nol­ogy and equip­ment have been im­proved, mean­while su­per­crit­i­cal mil­lion-kilo­watt class, G3 nu­clear power, com­plete set of large-scale wind tur­bine, PV power gen­er­a­tion with high con­ver­sion ef­fi­ciency, UHV trans­mis­sion, smart grid, ul­tra-low emis­sion of coal-fired power and other ad­vanced tech­nol­ogy and equip­ment have been pop­u­lar­ized and ap­plied one af­ter an­other.

(ii) Steady progress of G3 nu­clear power tech­nol­ogy

Tais­han Nu­clear Power Plant, lo­cated in Tais­han city of Guang­dong Prov­ince, is a nu­clear power unit with the max­i­mum sin­gle-ma­chine ca­pac­ity in the world cur­rently, which can re­duce about 8.42 mil­lion tons of stan­dard coal con­sump­tion, and more than 22.77 mil­lion tons of green­house gas emis­sions af­ter hav­ing been built.

(iii) Con­tin­u­ous im­prove­ment of wind tur­bine man­u­fac­tur­ing level

Guang­dong Mingyang Wind Power In­dus­try Group Co., Ltd., one man­u­fac­turer of large-scale wind tur­bine in Guang­dong Prov­ince, has re­searched MYSE se­ries wind tur­bine with the ad­van­tages of high power gen­er­a­tion, low cost per Kwh, high re­li­a­bil­ity, and ex­cel­lent cor­ro­sion re­sis­tance, which can pro­vide the op­ti­mal so­lu­tions to re­sist the sea en­vi­ron­ment, such as ty­phoon, and high salt fog, even can achieve an un­manned in­tel­li­gent wind farm on the sea.

In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion cov­ers a vast in ter­ri­tory. With an area of 1,183,000 km2, which ex­tends across the “Three Norths” (North­east, North China and North­west China), there are eight prov­inces sur­round­ing In­ner Mon­go­lia, which are Hei­longjiang Prov­ince, Jilin Prov­ince, Liaon­ing Prov­ince, He­bei Prov­inces, Shanxi Prov­ince, Shaanxi Prov­ince, Gansu Prov­ince and Ningxia Prov­ince. Be­sides the large ter­ri­tory, In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion also has a long bor­der­line of 4,200 kilo­me­ters, shar­ing com­mon bor­ders with both Rus­sia and Mon­go­lia. The straight dis­tance from east to west is more than 2,400 kilo­me­ters, and the dis­tance from north to south stretches across more than 1,700 kilo­me­ters.

In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion is rich in re­sources. It has the largest forests, grass­lands and cul­ti­vated farm­lands in the coun­try. Many of the re­sources re­serves rank highly in when com­pared to the whole coun­try, this is es­pe­cially with re­la­tion to 30 kinds of mine re­sources. Among them, the ex­plored re­serve of coal, lead, zinc, sil­ver and rare earth pre­cedes all the other prov­inces and re­gions ( The proved re­serve of coal is more than 800 bil­lion tons, and the proved re­serve of nat­u­ral gas is more than 500 mil­lion cu­bic me­ters, as for wind en­ergy, more than 150 mil­lion kilo­watts are avail­able). The tourist re­sources are also won­der­ful and unique, with all the nat­u­ral, his­tor­i­cal, cul­tural in­her­i­tance and eth­nic cus­toms.

Be­ing an im­por­tant eco­nomic hin­ter­land of both the Jing- jin- ji re­gion and the Bo­hai Eco­nomic Cir­cle, In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion is uniquely lo­cated, con­nect­ing the eco­nomic chan­nel of North China and the Great North­west of the coun­try. There are now 18 open ports, among them Manchuria and Er­lian­hot are sep­a­rately the big­gest land ports to Rus­sia and Mon­go­lia. In 2015, Manchuria and Er­lian­hot were in­volved in the coun­try’s project- the con­struc­tion of the “Silk Road”.

In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion has a solid foun­da­tion in de­vel­op­ing: the flour­ish­ing eco­nomic con­di­tion, a united eth­nic group, a peace­ful fron­tier and a sta­ble so­ci­ety. Un­der the pol­icy of Western De­vel­op­ment and Re­vi­tal­iz­ing old in­dus­trial bases in North­east China, to­gether with the hard work of all the eth­nic groups in the re­gion, In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion has cre­ated many good op­por­tu­ni­ties for in­vestors. Es­pe­cially in the re­cent years, the com­pre­hen­sive eco­nomic power of In­ner Mon­go­lia Au­ton­o­mous Re­gion has been strength­ened greatly. GDP of the whole re­gion has in­creased to RMB 1,800 bil­lion, with an an­nual growth of 10%; the gen­eral pub­lic bud­get rev­enue

has in­creased into RMB 196.35 bil­lion, with an an­nual growth of 12.9%. In­ner Mon­go­lia has bet­ter eco­nomic in­di­ca­tors than av­er­age.

The speed of in­dus­trial trans­for­ma­tion and up­grad­ing has ac­cel­er­ated greatly. Af­ter three ma­jor ad­just­ments, the in­dus­trial struc­ture has changed from 9.4: 54.5: 36.1 to 9: 51: 40 with re­formed tra­di­tional in­dus­try, mold­ing new in­dus­try and mul­ti­di­men­sional pil­lar in­dus­try. The out­put of food has come to 28.27 bil­lion kilo­grams; live­stock is up to 136 mil­lion. The con­ver­sion rate of farm and an­i­mal prod­ucts has risen to 58.9%, en­hanc­ing the foun­da­tion po­si­tion of hus­bandry. The con­tri­bu­tion rate of high and new tech­nol­ogy, non-fer­rous met­als, equip­ment man­u­fac­tur­ing and agri­cul­tural prod­uct pro­cess­ing has risen to 49%; power ca­pac­ity has reached 100 bil­lion kilo­watts, in­clud­ing wind power of 24.25 mil­lion kw, which to­tal gen­er­a­tion ranks first in China; the scales of mod­ern coal chem­i­cal in­dus­try and com­bus­tion for elec­tric­ity, the way of us­ing new en­ergy for elec­tric­ity pro­duc­tion saves coal for more than 60 mil­lion tons, while re­duc­ing smoke for more than 78 thou­sand tons, sul­fur diox­ide for more than 470 thou­sand tons and car­bon diox­ide for more than 160 mil­lion tons at the same time. In this way, en­ergy was con­served and emis­sion was re­duced, mak­ing a pos­i­tive con­tri­bu­tion to the pro­tec­tion of the re­gion’s eco­log­i­cal en­vi­ron­ment . Demon­stra­tion project

Ex­plor­ing to im­ple­ment wind power heat­ing: since 2011, In­ner Mon­go­lia has con­ducted wind power heat­ing pro­gram tri­als in Ulan­qab, Chifeng and Tongliao. Wind power heat­ing means the ap­pli­ca­tion of wind power to pro­vide heat in later win­ter nights. Wind power heat­ing not only re­places the burn­ing boil­ers to save the con­sump­tion of coal to re­duce pol­lu­tion, but also keeps peo­ple warm. In gen­eral, the re­sults are quite ef­fec­tive, both en­vi­ron­men­tally and so­cially. Till now, wind power heat­ing sys­tem cov­ers 960 thou­sand square me­ters in the whole re­gion.

Pho­to­voltaic fa­cil­ity agri­cul­ture: to over­come the dis­ad­van­tage of over- oc­cu­pied land of pho­to­voltaic power equip­ment, In­ner Mon­go­lia has or­ga­nized Pho­to­voltaic Fa­cil­ity Agri­cul­ture Pro­gram. This pro­gram places pho­to­voltaic pan­els on re­in­forced green­house to gen­er­ate elec­tric­ity, which re­al­ize the ut­most use of land. In this way, the elec­tric­ity pro­duced by the pan­els pro­vides power for the fa­cil­i­ties in the green house to keep a suit­able tem­per­a­ture and hu­mid­ity, and in­crease pro­duc­tion in the end. As of now, there are some demon­stra­tion projects in Ho­hhot, Bayan­nur and other places set up by Qing Dao NESI Pho­to­voltaic Com­pany, Shanlu Group, Xiang­dao Com­pany etc.

Pho­to­voltaic sand con­trol project: in 2011, Elion Re­sources Group con­structed a 110 thou­sand kilo­watts eco­log­i­cal pho­to­voltaic pro­gram in Kubuqi desert. This pro­gram means grow­ing plants and feed­ing live­stocks be­tween pho­to­voltaic pan­els. Us­ing the pan­els as shel­ters, the strong sun­shine was blocked and the evap­o­ra­tion was re­duced. Hence, the growth of the plants were ac­cel­er­ated, and the an­i­mals were pro­tected. In the mean­time, the ma­nure of the an­i­mals of­fers or­ganic fer­til­izer for the growth of the plants. Al­to­gether, the pan­els, the plants and the an­i­mals form a well-func­tioned eco­log­i­cal cir­cle, re­al­iz­ing the in­te­gra­tive de­vel­op­ment of sand con­trol, plan­ta­tion and pho­toltaic power. Be­sides, Elion Re­sources Group is still in con­struc­tion of a 200 thou­sand kilo­watts Pho­to­voltaic Sand Con­trol Project, which is es­ti­mated to pre­vent wind and fix wind for over 20 thou­sand mu.

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