Liu Zhong­min

China's Foreign Trade (English) - - Special Report -

Over the past 40 years of re­form and open­ing up, China’s man­u­fac­tur­ing in­dus­try has de­vel­oped by leaps and bounds. Par­tic­u­larly in re­cent years, a num­ber of man­u­fac­tur­ing com­pa­nies with lead­ing in­ter­na­tional stan­dards have emerged in many fields. How­ever, it can­not be over­looked that in many ar­eas we are still at the low end of the tech­no­log­i­cal chain. Two as­pects are rec­om­mended to pro­mote this. First, we need na­tional pol­icy sup­port, cap­i­tal in­cli­na­tion, and project ar­range­ments to up­grade the tech­no­log­i­cal level of th­ese lowend in­dus­tries. It is worth men­tion­ing that the gov­ern­ment should play a clear role as a con­duc­tor, ac­cu­rately lock those sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal R&D projects that are of high prac­ti­cal value and can­not be com­pleted by the en­ter­prise it­self in or­der to ac­tively in­vest and guide them; Sec­ond, start­ing from our sci­en­tific re­search work- ers and our re­search in­sti­tu­tions, we must elim­i­nate the foam in re­search achieve­ments and ad­vo­cate sci­en­tific re­search with prac­ti­cal value and lead­ing role.

Cur­rently, the in­no­va­tion level of state-owned en­ter­prises is un­even, the over­all in­no­va­tion ca­pac­ity of pri­vate en­ter­prises is in­suf­fi­cient and so­cial cap­i­tals are of­ten pru­dent when in­vest­ing in the field of sci­en­tific re­search and in­no­va­tion be­cause of the risks. China’s sci­en­tific and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion is more likely tak­ing the mode that en­ter­prises and re­search in­sti­tutes work to­gether un­der the guid­ance and sup­port of the gov­ern­ment. Mean­while, prob­lems such as how re­search in­sti­tu­tions and en­ter­prises can ef­fec­tively co­op­er­ate and how re­search achieve­ments can be suc­cess­fully trans­formed need to be solved as well. Pro­mot­ing the qual­ity revo­lu­tion of “Made in China” is a sys­tem­atic project in which all sec­tors of so­ci­ety need to par­tic­i­pate in.

Di­rec­tor of Dalian In­sti­tute of Chem­i­cal Physics, Chi­nese Acad­emy of Sciences

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