中国储能市场机制与监管 现状、问题与建议

Energy of China - - 研究与探讨 -

(国家发展和改革委员会能源研究所,北京

摘要:储能是解决新能源间歇性输出的有效方案,正在成为支持能源转型的重要新兴技

术。本文基于对国内储能企业调研,分析了中国储能在电力系统中的应用机遇,探讨了中国实现大规模储能商业模式的市场机制问题与监管障碍,结合储能行业诉求提出了政策建议。本文提出支持中国储能产业发展,应避免重复可再生能源发展初期依赖补贴所产生的问题,需侧重完善健全能源与电力市场机制设计,从监管层面认可储能在能源系统中的多重价值,配合财税改革与有效价格信号,通过市场竞争降低成本、选择技术、优化能源系统,使储能得以与多种智能与灵活性能源解决方案公平竞争,得到可持续推广。

关键词:中国储能;能源市场机制;系统机遇;监管障碍

100038) 中图分类号:F206 文献标识码:A 文章编号:1003-2355-(2017)12-0023-05 Doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-2355.2017.12.005

Abstract: Energy storage is an effective solution to integrate intermittent renewable power sources and is becoming an important emerging technology to support energy transition. Based on the investigation of China’s energy storage industry, this paper analyses the application opportunities of China’s energy storage in power system, discusses the issues of market mechanisms and regulatory barriers to realize the business models and multiple system values of energy storage in China, and puts forward policy suggestions based on feedbacks from the energy storage industry. This paper proposes that to support China’s energy storage development, the policies should not repeat the issues from the heavy dependency of subsidies for renewable energy development. The focus should be putting on improving energy and power market mechanism with tax and pricing reform for better market signals, and recognising the multiple values of energy storage in the energy system from a regulatory perspective. Market design improvement should support to reduce costs, select technology and optimize the energy system through competition between energy storage and a variety of smart and flexible energy solutions.

Key words: China Energy Storage; Energy Market Mechanisms; System Opportunities; Regulatory Barriers

能源系统正在进行历史性转型。日趋成熟的低碳和智慧能源技术是推动能源转型的重要支撑。储能系统为增加可再生能源并网、电力系统灵活性、抗风险能力和安全性提供了解决方案,也是绿色战略新兴产业与低碳创新的重要方向。大力发展大规模储能技术是构建安全、稳定、经济、清洁、低碳的现代能源供应和消费体系的重要战

略选择。传统上,在中国新兴能源技术发展初级阶段,政策监管层面多为关注技术经济前景,以求有效配置资源;企业则多为关注补贴与支持政策,以求实现商业模式。能源转型背景下,新兴技术对传统的能源系统和市场设计提出了新的挑战。支持中国储能产业发展应避免低效补贴与计划经济思维,更需要侧重完善能源与电力市场机

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