China Post stamps: epit­ome of China’s 40-year re­form and open­ing-up

Global Times – Metro Beijing - - ENTERPRISE - Page Ed­i­tor: li­[email protected]­al­

The Na­tional Sci­ence Congress which was first held in Bei­jing from March 18 to 31, 1978 marks the be­gin­ning of China’s re­form and open­ing-up.

“Sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy are the pri­mary pro­duc­tive forces,” Deng Xiaop­ing said. The words thun­dered that spring and re­sounded through­out the na­tion. China wel­comed the spring of sci­ence and de­vel­op­ment, and so did China Post. Over the 40 years that fol­lowed the de­but of the Na­tional Sci­ence Congress, at ev­ery sig­nif­i­cant his­tor­i­cal mo­ment, China Post has never been ab­sent. Each stamp it is­sued has wit­nessed and re­sem­bled the pace of China’s de­vel­op­ment.

Sym­bol­iz­ing 30th an­niver­sary of the PRC

On March 18, 1978, China Post is­sued a set of stamps that con­tained three pieces in mem­ory of the Na­tional Sci­ence Congress, which were cho­sen as the best stamps to mark the 30th an­niver­sary of the es­tab­lish­ment of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China (PRC). De­signed by Xu Yanbo, this set of stamps con­tained el­e­ments like the em­blem of the Na­tional Sci­ence Congress, ears of wheat, a gear, a plane and a man-made satel­lite, sym­bol­iz­ing the mod­ern­iza­tion of China’s agri­cul­ture, in­dus­try, na­tional de­fense and sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy. Mean­while, it also added the el­e­ments of red flags and atomic mod­els, sym­bol­iz­ing the leap of China’s sci­ence and tech­nol­ogy in the fu­ture.

Win­dows to spe­cial eco­nomic zones

The chief ar­chi­tect of China’s re­form and open­ing-up pol­icy, Deng Xiaop­ing, said that “spe­cial eco­nomic zones are win­dows of tech­nol­ogy, man­age­ment, knowl­edge and also of for­eign pol­icy.” Since the be­gin­ning of the re­form and open­ing-up, China has es­tab­lished spe­cial eco­nomic zones in Shen­zhen, Zhuhai

and Shan­tou in Guang­dong Prov­ince, and Xi­a­men in Fu­jian Prov­ince re­spec­tively. They were the prov­ing grounds of China’s mod­ern­iza­tion and eco­nomic de­vel­op­ment. The achieve­ments they’ve made has be­come a le­gend around the world. On April 26, 1988, Hainan Prov­ince and the Hainan spe­cial eco­nomic zone were es­tab­lished.

China Post is­sued a set of stamps that con­tained four pieces in mem­ory of the es­tab­lish­ment of Hainan Prov­ince. The main pat­tern is the out­line of Hainan’s provin­cial map. The stamps de­picted the nat­u­ral scenery of Hainan Prov­ince: farm­ers work­ing in the be­tel palm plan­ta­tion near the Five Fin­ger Moun­tain, the run­ning wa­ter of the Wan­quan River with co­conut trees, the fan­tas­tic peaks of Tianya-Hai­jiao, and the for­est of Luhuitou Park.

Record­ing big events

Among all types of stamps is­sued by China Post, com­mon stamps, com­mem­o­ra­tive stamps and spe­cial stamps are the most wide­spread. On Jan­uary 1, 2000, China Post is­sued a set of spe­cial stamps in mem­ory of the re­turn of Hong Kong and Ma­cao. The two pieces are num­bered 2000 – Spe­cial 1 GM. The spe­cial stamps com­mem­o­rate the events that have great in­flu­ence on the world. For in­stance, the set of stamps “Bei­jing’s suc­cess­ful bid of host­ing the 2008 Olympic Games” is­sued on July 14, 2001, is a de­sign com­bin­ing the new Bei­jing with the Olympics. This set was num­bered as Spe­cial 2-2001. It adopted the char­ac­ter Te (spe­cial) be­fore the num­ber of the stamps, mak­ing it more rec­og­niz­able.

On Novem­ber 10, 2001, after 15 years of an un­remit­ting en­deavor, the PRC fi­nally joined the World Trade Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WTO). It’s not only the re­sult of the es­tab­lish­ment and im­prove­ment of China’s so­cial­ist mar­ket econ­omy, but also a re­flec­tion of China’s achieve­ment of re­form and open­ing-up. To cel­e­brate this sig­nif­i­cant event, China Post is­sued a stamp of “China to join the WTO.” The stamp con­tained China’s or­na­men­tal col­umn, the logo of the WTO and the China World Trade Cen­ter that were linked by aus­pi­cious clouds, which sym­bol­ized the in­te­gra­tion of China into the world’s econ­omy.

“Bei­jing’s suc­cess­ful bid of host­ing the 2008 Olympic Games“stamp num­bered as Spe­cial 2-2001 (left)Pho­tos: Cour­tesy of the China Post

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