Past 5 yrs sig­nif­i­cant for deep­en­ing re­form

Global Times - Weekend - - OPINION -

The year of 2018 marks the spe­cial com­mem­o­ra­tion and prac­tice of China’s re­form and open­ing-up. It is the 40th an­niver­sary of the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 11th Com­mu­nist Party of China (CPC) Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, when the de­ci­sion of car­ry­ing out re­form and open­ing-up was made. It is also the fifth an­niver­sary of the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee. The 40th an­niver­sary has been fre­quently dis­cussed while the fifth an­niver­sary also has its own great his­tor­i­cal sig­nif­i­cance.

When China kick-started re­form and open­ing-up in 1978, its na­tional strength was weak. The coun­try had been left far be­hind by the wave of mod­ern­iza­tion. At that time, the goal was quite clear and con­sen­sus was easy to be reached. The 18th CPC Na­tional Congress is the first na­tional Party congress held after China be­came the world’s sec­ond largest econ­omy. The Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of the 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee made a key plan over whether China should stick to re­form and open­ing-up as well as how to keep re­form and open­ing-up in fu­ture.

At the ini­tial stage of re­form and openingup, the US and the West were in strate­gic need of China so as to main­tain their ad­van­tages ob­tained dur­ing the Cold War. But in 2013, Wash­ing­ton started the im­ple­men­ta­tion of its re­bal­anc­ing to the Asia-Pa­cific strat­egy, an ac­tion which was aimed di­rectly at Bei­jing. The mind-set of the West is con­stantly chang­ing. The goal of China’s re­form was sim­ple and clear in its early stages – de­vel­op­ing pro­duc­tive forces. At that time, the en­tire so­ci­ety was sup­port­ive of the prin­ci­ple that let some peo­ple get rich first. But in 2013, the sit­u­a­tion was much more com­pli­cated. The in­ter­ests of dif­fer­ent groups within so­ci­ety were di­vided. The coun­try needed to boost its so­cial wel­fare re­sources. Mean­while, the process of in­creas­ing and dis­tribut­ing those re­sources had turned into a sen­si­tive is­sue.

The his­toric mer­its of the Third Ple­nary Ses­sion of 18th CPC Cen­tral Com­mit­tee are that it has re­united the na­tion’s de­ter­mi­na­tion to deepen re­form and open­ing-up in an all-round way, elim­i­nat­ing some fa­tigue that the Chi­nese so­ci­ety has been feel­ing over the course of the process. It worked out var­i­ous dis­putes, turn­ing re­form and open­ing-up into a broader vi­sion and mak­ing brand-new goals and plans. The ex­pe­ri­ence of the past five years showed us that China’s re­form and open­ing-up will not stop. It will only be up­graded with the changes of en­vi­ron­ment and tasks.

Five years is short, but it is enough time to help peo­ple get a clue of the con­tin­ual trend of this era – China does not believe in curses like the mid­dle-in­come trap or col­lapse the­ory. No mat­ter how many twists and turns the coun­try might face in the fu­ture, it is climb­ing up.

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