Top 8 Greatest Moments in Flight

飞行史上最重要的八个时刻

Jet Asia Pacific - - Contents - Text by Anthony Lam and Shelly Bryant

Fasten your seatbelts as we take off into the stratosphere for a round-up of the eight most impressive, recordbreaking, and just plain mind-boggling moments in flight.

1. THE WRIGHT BROTHERS & THE FIRST FLIGHT

Now-legendary brothers Wilbur and Orville Wright pioneered the working principles the aircraft we know today, lifting their Wright Flyer off the ground for just 12 seconds during a test flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. They got their plane into the air using the scientific and engineering ideas that eventually led to the development of aerial warfare, international air travel, and even space exploration.

现在,请您系好安全带,随飞机一起进入平流层,让我们重温飞行史上最重要的八个时刻,它们曾令世人瞩目,改变了人类历史且惊心动魄。

1、莱特兄弟和第一架飞机

传奇兄弟威尔伯·莱特( Wilbur Wright)和奥维尔·莱特( Orville Wright)首先提出了如今众人皆知的飞机运行原理,在美国北卡罗莱纳州的Kitty Hawk试飞期间,他们的莱特飞行器( Wright Flyer)飞离地面仅仅12秒;后来他们充分运用科学和工程理念将自己的飞机送上天空,而这些技术理念最终开启了人类竞相开发空中交通、国际航空、甚至太空探索。

While the first scheduled airline passengers may not have had the experience we associate with air travel today, they were able to fly between Florida’s St. Petersburg and Tampa in just 20 minutes — a much quicker trip than by steamship, train, or automobile, which took many hours. However, while promising a bright new future, the St. Petersburg–tampa Airboat Line lasted just four months after its debut on January 1st 1914.

2、全世界第一条商业航线

虽然第一批定期航班乘客的飞行体验可能无法与今天相比,但从佛罗里达州的圣彼得堡到坦帕的飞行仅需20分钟——这要比好几个小时的轮船、火车或汽车快了很多。尽管未来前景乐观,但在1914年1月1日首飞后,圣彼得堡-坦帕航线仅仅维持了四个月时间。

3. THE WORD'S FIRST BUSINESS JET

Lockheed’s now-iconic Jetstar was the first dedicated business jet, blazing a trail for a new era of corporate luxury. Entering service in 1961, it quickly became synonymous with power and success. Elvis Presley owned two Jetstars during his life. The second one was named Hound Dog II, and is on display at Graceland.

3、全世界第一家公务机

洛克希德·马丁空间系统公司( Lockheed)的标志性Jetstar飞机曾是第一款专业商务机,它为企业奢侈品新时代开辟了一条新道路。自1961年投入使用后,这款飞机就成为了权力与成功的象征。猫王( Elvis Presley)一生拥有两架Jetstars,第二架被命名为Hound Dog II,目前正在猫王故居雅园( Graceland)展出。

4. BREAKING THE SOUND BARRIER

Until Chuck Yeager stepped into a U.S. Air Force experimental rocket-powered aircraft on October 14th 1947, the only things that had ever broken the sound barrier were bullets, cannon balls, and Superman. The aircraft – a Bell X-1 – was shaped like a machine gun bullet and had four rocket engines, which helped Yeager whizz through the sound barrier and set an impressive world record.

4、超越声速

1947年10月14日,飞行员查克•耶格尔( Chuck Yeager)登上了美国空军火箭动力飞机Bell X-1,在当时只有子弹、炮弹、超人超越声速。而这款飞机的形状就像一挺机关枪,配有四个火箭发动机,它载着耶格尔快速超越声速,创下了世人瞩目的世界纪录。

5. THE FIRST SUPERSONIC PASSENGER JET LINER

For almost thirty years, the skies were ruled by Concorde – a British-french turbojet-powered supersonic passenger jet airliner that operated between 1976 and 2003. It had a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound at Mach 2.04, and could sit 92 to 128 passengers. First flown in 1969, Concorde’s technology led to the development of supersonic business jets such as the Aerion AS2, Hypermach Sonicstar, Spike S-512, and the Boom XB-1.

5、第一个超音速喷气式客机

1976年至2003年,英法式涡轮喷气引擎超音速喷气式客机Concorde一统航空业近三十年。它的最大速度达到Mach 2.04,超过音速两倍多,可以搭载92至128位乘客。Concorde于1969年首飞,它当时的技术为开发Aerion AS2、Hypermach Sonicstar、Spike S-512和Boom XB-1等超音速公务机奠定了基础。内的俏皮感,绝对令人难以忘怀。

6. THE FIRST MAN IN SPACE

Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human being to go into orbit on April 12th 1961, after navigating risky flight conditions and the huge, unknown expanse of space His 108-minute flight above the Earth aboard the Soviet Vostok 1 spacecraft heralded the era of manned spaceflight and accelerated the space race between the United States and Soviet Union – a race that eventually led to the first manned moon mission in 1969.

6、第一位太空人

1961年4月12日,宇航员尤里·加加林( Yuri Gagarin)在极其危险的飞行环境下航行,成为世界首位成功进入太空轨道的人类。苏联沃斯托克1号飞船飞离地球108分钟,预示着载人航天时代来临,也加速了美苏之间的太空竞赛——这场较量最终促成了1969年的人类首次登月任务。

7. FIRST CIRCUMNAVIGATION OF THE GLOBE BY A PILOTED SOLAR-POWERED FIXED-WING AIRCRAFT

In 2016, Bertrand Piccard and André Borschberg – the inventors and pilots of Solar Impulse 2 – completed the first circumnavigation of the globe with no fuel. With their cleanpower solar aircraft, they flew 40,000km to promote renewable energies and energy efficiency on the ground. Could this be the future for air travel? Only time will tell.

7、有人驾驶太阳能固定翼飞机首次环球航行

2016年,太阳能动力飞机Solar Impulse 2的发明人Bertrand Piccard和飞行员André Borschberg完成了全世界第一次无燃料环球航行。凭借这款使用清洁能源的太阳能飞机,他们飞行了四万英里,以此在地面上推广可再生能源和能源效率。这会是空中旅行的未来吗?让我们静待时间揭晓答案。

8. FIRST VERTICAL LANDING OF A FIRST-STAGE ORBITAL ROCKET

On December 21st 2015, Elon Musk’s Spacex Falcon 9 rocket took its now-legendary test Flight 20. It was the first time in history that a rocket’s first stage had returned to Earth after propelling an orbital launch mission, achieving a controlled vertical landing. Space industry analysts believe that Spacex’s reusable technology could do for commercial space travel what the jet engine did for commercial air travel six decades ago. Truly revolutionary.

8、第一级入轨运载火箭首次垂直着陆

2015年12月21日, Elon Musk火箭公司制造的Spacex Falcon 9号火箭进行了传奇式Flight 20试飞。这是在启动轨道发射任务后第一级火箭首次返回地球,实现了可控垂直着陆。太空行业分析师认为, Spacex的可重复使用技术可以应用于商业太空旅行。这是一场真正的革命!

Newspapers in Chinese (Simplified)

Newspapers from China

© PressReader. All rights reserved.