Gaokao Re­form

NewsChina - - MEDIA FOCUS -

On Au­gust 23, 2018, the Bei­jing Mu­nic­i­pal Ed­u­ca­tion Com­mis­sion re­leased its plan to re­form the na­tional col­lege en­trance ex­am­i­na­tion ( gaokao). This will en­able stu­dents to choose three test sub­jects they like or are good at from chem­istry, physics, bi­ol­ogy, pol­i­tics, his­tory and ge­og­ra­phy, in ad­di­tion to the three com­pul­sory sub­jects – math, Chi­nese and a for­eign lan­guage. The re­form is aimed at boost­ing ed­u­ca­tion qual­ity and giv­ing full play to stu­dents' per­sonal in­ter­ests. In 2014, Shang­hai and Zhe­jiang Province started the first round of pi­lot gaokao re­form and to date it re­mains mired in con­tro­ver­sies over the ex­tent of stu­dents' per­sonal choice. The pi­lot re­form was sched­uled to be ap­plied to 18 mu­nic­i­pal­i­ties and prov­inces this fall, but the num­ber was re­duced to only eight at a time when gaokao ex­am­i­na­tion scores re­main the most im­por­tant thing for a stu­dent's fu­ture. Some high schools failed to em­power stu­dents and par­ents, caus­ing them great anx­i­ety. What's more, a grow­ing num­ber of stu­dents rushed to se­lect sub­jects in which they be­lieve they can ob­tain a high score, re­sult­ing in a new set of prob­lems and wasted ed­u­ca­tional re­sources.

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