1 Novice level: basic training

Science Education and Museums - - — 践探索— -

1.1 2018, 4(5) Science Education and Museums


Therefore, to optimize the structure of the team, the museum should classify the instructors to highlight their orientation, personal style, characteristics and value. After the completion of basic training, basing on the personality, expression ability and the interest of instructors, combining with their own opinions, China Agricultural Museum will divide them into four categories: child type, tourist type, expert type and comprehensive type. 2.1 Child type instructor

It is mainly aimed at children whose purpose is to understand and acquire knowledge. The common characteristics of them include strong desire for knowledge, active thinking, and quick response, but they often lack concentration and discipline. For child type instructors, the period of explanation should not be too long, the content should be easy to understand, the language should be lively and the instructors should utilize stories with questions to inspire the audiences. The purpose of explaining is to impart knowledge and stimulate children's interest in the subject and love of the museum. First of all, the instructor should lay emphasis on daily accumulation,

“collect stories related to the exhibits, such as Bouyu

” Does0 Clothes and "Wang San Ni Making Ting". In the second place, they should collect questions that may be asked, such as "Why does the soil have different colors" and "What kind of crops are the steamed bread made of". In the third place, they should carry out timely interaction, such as "the twenty-four festival songs" and "watch the scene, guess the animal". Lastly they should learn some preschool education skills and form a set of agricultural museum commentary for children. 2.2 Tourist type instructor

It is mainly aimed at adult whose purpose is entertainment and leisure. The tourist type audiences are engaged in different industries, with uneven social experience and different scope of knowledge. For tourist type instructors, it is necessary for them to avoid coldness, seriousness and sense of distance, but to explain profound theories in simple languages, and be closer to the life. The purpose of interpretation is to help the audience expand their horizons and enrich their cultural connotations in a relaxed and pleasant state. The training of tourist type instructors is focused on knowledge expansion. Not being limited to the exhibition of the museum, instructors should also have knowledge reserves of architecture, archaeology, physics, and chemistry. China Agricultural Museum has chosen and purchased related books and established a library. 2.3 Expert type instructor

It is mainly aimed at adult audiences whose purpose is political investigation and academic research. Expert type audiences often have a high degree of professionalism and master one or more aspects of the natural sciences. For expert type instructors, the content of explanation should be academic and advanced, the language should be formal and concise, and their expression should avoid personal perceptions and emotions. Expert type instructors should al

’ so watch the audiences eyes, figure out their psychology and make sure the explanation is properly detailed. The purpose of this kind of explanation is the cultural exchange of the museum and display the academic status and value of the museum. The cultivation of such instructors has high requirements of learning spirit. They must know the latest research results and academic trends of the subject, and explore the social value of the exhibits. 2.4 Comprehensive type instructor

The most outstanding instructors among the three types will be cultivated as comprehensive type instructors who should possess both protruding personality and comprehensive development. They can work independently in one direction and work smoothly in other directions by flexibly changing roles for all types of audiences. They are not afraid of questions and can answer all. As a role model and

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