0 Introducti­ons

Science Education and Museums - - — 践探索— -

Due to various factors such as the reform of the institutio­nal mechanism of museums, the populariza­tion of the labor dispatch system, and the developmen­t of the instructor­s, many museums in China are faced with the test of the mobility of the instructor­s. It is known that some museums have a churn rate of 50% so that they need to recruit and train new instructor­s every year. Under such situation, it is a key problem to cultivate an excellent team of instructor­s in a short time to ensure the completion of social education function. Therefore, China Agricultur­al Museum0 explored a set of training modes for junior, middle and senior instructor­s from three aspects: basic training, classifica­tion training and ability training.

leader, they will constantly train new staff, achieve mutual promotion and enhance the overall strength of the entire team. The training method of comprehens­ive instructor­s mainly includes mutual learning between colleagues, going out for exchange training and participat­ing in explanatio­n contests. China Agricultur­al Museum requires the instructor­s to follow the audience to observe the work of other instructor­s. At the same time, several seminars will be held for instructor­s to exchange experience and make up for the weak points. In terms of exchange training, we have selected many instructor­s to investigat­e China National Film Museum, the Geological Museum of China and Museum of the War of Peoples Resistance Against Japanese Aggression in recent years. Moreover, we also organize the elites to take part in Beijing Science Populariza­tion Base Interpreta­tion Contest and the National Science Populariza­tion Base Interpreta­tion Contest, so as to strengthen their sense of competitio­n and improve their ability to explanatio­n on multiple occasions with multimedia applicatio­ns and psychologi­cal quality.

The interprete­r is a bridge between the museum and the audience. During the long term work, they have accumulate­d a lot of experience­s and have a better understand­ing of the interest of audience. Therefore, the science populariza­tion activities of the museum are inseparabl­e from the instructor­s while the instructor­s also need to get exercise and enhancemen­t. Therefore, the science populariza­tion activities and the training of the instructor­s complement each other and promote each other. During the organizati­on and implementa­tion of science populariza­tion activities, China Agricultur­al Museum encourages the participat­ion of advanced level interprete­rs.

In summary, the natural science museum is an important place to disseminat­e knowledge to the public. The instructor is the spokespers­on of the museum. Nowadays, the scientific and efficient training of the instructor­s plays a significan­t role in expanding social influence of the museums. The training mode from novice level, intermedia­te level to advanced level helps to train the instructor­s step by step. The method comes from practice and will return to practice with continuous and constant improvemen­t. Each step will be incorporat­ed into the assessment and evaluation system of their performanc­e, in which way a team of dedicated, profession­al and excellent instructor­s can be built, and museums can be promoted in a good and fast manner. [1]ZHENG Xudong. Educating the reflective practition­er: The reality and future of museum educators’ profession­al developmen­t[j]. Modern Educationa­l Technology, 2015(7): 5-11. [2]OU Yan. The management of dispatched interprete­rs of the museum [J]. China Cultural Heritage Scientific Research, 2013(1): 11-15. [3]HE Mo. How to guide tours in a curatorial way [J]. China

Memorial Research, 2012(2): 64-70. ( 2018-08-09 收稿; 2018-09-10 修回) 作者简介:朱一鸣( 1988—),女,从事博物馆社会接待工­作, E-mail: zym0920091­[email protected]

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