中国农业博物馆讲解员培养模式探索（英文） / 朱一鸣
Zhu yiming China agricultural museum Abstract The instructors of museums play a key role in delivering knowledge to the audience. nowadays, it is urgent to train an excellent instructor team to provide guarantee for the social education. China) Agricultural) Museum) has) explored) a) step) training) mode) for) the) instructors) from) novice) level, intermediate level, to advanced level according to three aspects: basic training, classification training, and ability training to educate professional, refined and outstanding instructors.0 It will improve the image of the museum and finally bring benefit to the society. Keywords museums, instructors, training mode
landscape garden, and the architectural style with the combination of Eastern and Western are all approved by Premier Zhou Enlai himself which shows the importance that China had attached to agriculture at that time. As the only professional national agricultural museum, the museum has 7 basic exhibitions including "Chinese Agricultural Civilization", "Chinese Traditional Agricultural Tools", "Agricultural Science Popularization for Teenagers", "Soil in Painted Pottery", "Chinese Soil Specimens", three-screen cinema, and the outdoor garden. Nearly 50 000 collections of agricultural relics, specimens, ancient books0 and traditional agricultural tools are collected. 1.2
Business skills training is a compulsory course for all the instructors. In recent years, all kinds of museums in China have attached great importance to improving the professionalism of the instructors. There are many explorations and innovations in the business skills training for the instructors in the content or the method, as well as some unsystematic and unstandardized training can affect the improvement of the skills of the instructors. In this case, systematic and standardized skills training programs should be developed based on the basic skills of the instructors. Each year, in accordance with the program, all the instructors' business skills training and assessment will be conducted for about one month. The content of training mainly includes appearance, pronunciation, gesture and standing posture, basic etiquette, and so on. The means of training mainly include watching video materials, collective teaching, field exercise, and visiting other museums. After a series of systematic and standardized training methods, most of the instructors can master the basic skills of lecturing, leading the audience through the exhibition route and completing the simple instructional task. 1.3 The specialization of disciplines is a feature of museums. The scale of the exhibits, the distribution of ages, and the classification of disciplines all reflect the development status of the scientific field, and can achieve the transmission of intellectual, scientific and academic to the public. However, in the case of the current recruitment, most of the instructors are jraduated from the major of broadcasting, interpretation, and tourism. Lack of professional background in the natural science field will greatly affect the accuracy and rigorousness of the interpretations and the needs of the audience for scientific knowledge cannot be met. Therefore, it is particularly important to train instructors to acquire basic knowledge in the subject area. On the one hand, China Agricultural Museum invites experts to give lectures about agricultural knowledge to instructors. On the other hand, we give each instructor a topic according to the exhibitions in the museum, such as "the rise of the tea industry", "the evolution of agricultural tools", and "the development of breeding technology". We ask them to carry out targeted research, in-depth study, and then integrate the collected data to set up a database for sharing. It is helpful to realize the self-worth of individual instructors on the team, and avoid duplication of labor, so that each member can acquire more comprehensive professional knowledge, enrich the original thin vocabulary and the connotation and thus the overall strength and team cohesion can also be improved.
The ability to instruct audience of different types is an important aspect of measuring the level of social education in a museum. However, according to the different characteristics and needs of the audience, there are many ways to classify the audience. Under the realistic situation of frequent personnel alternation of the instructors, it is almost impossible and unnecessary to make all instructors be able to lecture with high quality to all types of audiences.