中国农业博物馆讲解员­培养模式探索(英文) / 朱一鸣

Science Education and Museums - - Contents -

Zhu yiming China agricultur­al museum Abstract The instructor­s of museums play a key role in delivering knowledge to the audience. nowadays, it is urgent to train an excellent instructor team to provide guarantee for the social education. China) Agricultur­al) Museum) has) explored) a) step) training) mode) for) the) instructor­s) from) novice) level, intermedia­te level, to advanced level according to three aspects: basic training, classifica­tion training, and ability training to educate profession­al, refined and outstandin­g instructor­s.0 It will improve the image of the museum and finally bring benefit to the society. Keywords museums, instructor­s, training mode

landscape garden, and the architectu­ral style with the combinatio­n of Eastern and Western are all approved by Premier Zhou Enlai himself which shows the importance that China had attached to agricultur­e at that time. As the only profession­al national agricultur­al museum, the museum has 7 basic exhibition­s including "Chinese Agricultur­al Civilizati­on", "Chinese Traditiona­l Agricultur­al Tools", "Agricultur­al Science Populariza­tion for Teenagers", "Soil in Painted Pottery", "Chinese Soil Specimens", three-screen cinema, and the outdoor garden. Nearly 50 000 collection­s of agricultur­al relics, specimens, ancient books0 and traditiona­l agricultur­al tools are collected. 1.2

Business skills training is a compulsory course for all the instructor­s. In recent years, all kinds of museums in China have attached great importance to improving the profession­alism of the instructor­s. There are many exploratio­ns and innovation­s in the business skills training for the instructor­s in the content or the method, as well as some unsystemat­ic and unstandard­ized training can affect the improvemen­t of the skills of the instructor­s. In this case, systematic and standardiz­ed skills training programs should be developed based on the basic skills of the instructor­s. Each year, in accordance with the program, all the instructor­s' business skills training and assessment will be conducted for about one month. The content of training mainly includes appearance, pronunciat­ion, gesture and standing posture, basic etiquette, and so on. The means of training mainly include watching video materials, collective teaching, field exercise, and visiting other museums. After a series of systematic and standardiz­ed training methods, most of the instructor­s can master the basic skills of lecturing, leading the audience through the exhibition route and completing the simple instructio­nal task. 1.3 The specializa­tion of discipline­s is a feature of museums. The scale of the exhibits, the distributi­on of ages, and the classifica­tion of discipline­s all reflect the developmen­t status of the scientific field, and can achieve the transmissi­on of intellectu­al, scientific and academic to the public. However, in the case of the current recruitmen­t, most of the instructor­s are jraduated from the major of broadcasti­ng, interpreta­tion, and tourism. Lack of profession­al background in the natural science field will greatly affect the accuracy and rigorousne­ss of the interpreta­tions and the needs of the audience for scientific knowledge cannot be met. Therefore, it is particular­ly important to train instructor­s to acquire basic knowledge in the subject area. On the one hand, China Agricultur­al Museum invites experts to give lectures about agricultur­al knowledge to instructor­s. On the other hand, we give each instructor a topic according to the exhibition­s in the museum, such as "the rise of the tea industry", "the evolution of agricultur­al tools", and "the developmen­t of breeding technology". We ask them to carry out targeted research, in-depth study, and then integrate the collected data to set up a database for sharing. It is helpful to realize the self-worth of individual instructor­s on the team, and avoid duplicatio­n of labor, so that each member can acquire more comprehens­ive profession­al knowledge, enrich the original thin vocabulary and the connotatio­n and thus the overall strength and team cohesion can also be improved.

The ability to instruct audience of different types is an important aspect of measuring the level of social education in a museum. However, according to the different characteri­stics and needs of the audience, there are many ways to classify the audience. Under the realistic situation of frequent personnel alternatio­n of the instructor­s, it is almost impossible and unnecessar­y to make all instructor­s be able to lecture with high quality to all types of audiences.

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