New laws to man­age ge­netic re­sources

Shanghai Daily - - NATION - (Xin­hua)

CHINA will set up a new set of reg­u­la­tions on hu­man ge­netic re­sources to fur­ther pro­tect its na­tional biosafety.

The de­ci­sion was an­nounced at a fo­rum on hu­man ge­netic re­sources de­vel­op­ment and in­no­va­tion held in Bei­jing on Wed­nes­day. It gath­ered schol­ars from gov­ern­ment or­ga­ni­za­tions, re­search in­sti­tu­tions and uni­ver­si­ties.

Hu­man ge­netic re­sources, which in­clude the hu­man genome, hu­man or­gans, tis­sues, cells, blood, and re­lated gene ma­te­ri­als and in­for­ma­tion, are es­sen­tial for disease re­search and pop­u­la­tion’s health.

Zhang Xin­min, di­rec­tor of the China Na­tional Cen­ter for Biotech­nol­ogy De­vel­op­ment, the fo­rum or­ga­nizer, said that hu­man ge­netic re­sources have be­come im­por­tant na­tional strate­gic re­sources.

In 1998, China is­sued the Pro­vi­sional Reg­u­la­tions on the Man­age­ment of Ge­netic Re­sources, to pro­tect and en­sure the ra­tio­nal use of the ge­netic re­sources for the well-be­ing of hu­man be­ings.

Zhang sug­gested the new man­age­ment reg­u­la­tions should fo­cus on a bal­ance be­tween the pro­tec­tion and de­vel­op­ment of such re­sources.

Zhou Qi, di­rec­tor of the In­sti­tute of Zo­ol­ogy un­der the Chi­nese Academy of Sciences, said that more au­thor­i­ta­tive and ef­fec­tive eval­u­a­tion agen­cies should also be es­tab­lished to im­prove the re­sources man­age­ment.

Oth­ers also sug­gested that bet­ter man­age­ment of hu­man ge­netic re­sources should be sup­ported by sci­ence and tech­no­log­i­cal in­no­va­tion, and stud­ies in gene and biomedicine should be strength­ened.

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