Shang­hai Tower goes from strength to strength

Shanghai Daily - - CIIE -

Glit­ter­ing sky­scrapers have sprung up all over the city, but Shang­hai Tower stands tallest, and not only be­cause of its


Shang­hai Tower re­de­fines what a su­per­tall build­ing can achieve through en­vi­ron­ment-friendly de­sign, cre­at­ing the con­cept of “sus­tain­able ver­ti­cal ur­ban­ism,” a par­a­digm for fu­ture megac­i­ties.

Twist­ing 632 me­ters above the Lu­ji­azui fi­nan­cial hub, the “crys­tal spi­ral” is the tallest build­ing in China and the sec­ond tallest in the world, sur­passed only by the 828-me­ter Burj Khalifa in Dubai. Cov­er­ing 578,000 square me­ters, it has 127 floors above the ground, five un­der­ground and holds sev­eral world records. It fea­tures the world’s heav­i­est damper, with a weight of 1,000 tons.

Weigh­ing 850,000 tons, it is built on soft ground and is widely re­garded as the world’s green­est sky­scraper.

The first build­ing in the world over 400 me­ters to be awarded the top green rat­ing, a plat­inum-level lead­er­ship in en­ergy and en­vi­ron­men­tal de­sign cer­tifi­cate by the US Green Build­ing Coun­cil, it also holds a Na­tional Green Build­ing La­bel from the Min­istry of Hous­ing and Ur­ban-Ru­ral De­vel­op­ment.

Green build­ing

Shang­hai Tower in­cor­po­rates more than 40 en­ergy-sav­ing fea­tures, which have re­duced the tower’s en­ergy con­sump­tion by 20 per­cent since it was put into use. Last year, its car­bon diox­ide emis­sions fell by 11,000 tons, as ef­fec­tive as 100,000 30-year-old fir trees.

The build­ing col­lects rain­wa­ter used for gar­dens, toi­lets, and cool­ing and heat­ing sys­tems. The rain col­lec­tion sys­tem can re­cy­cle 25 per­cent of rain­wa­ter and sup­plies 245,000 cu­bic me­ters of water to the tower ev­ery year, re­duc­ing the tower’s water con­sump­tion by 53 per­cent. There are 270 wind tur­bines spin­ning at the top of the tower, which can gen­er­ate up to 1.19 mil­lion kwh of green power per year, about 10 per­cent of that needed.

The build­ing is wrapped in two lay­ers of glass for nat­u­ral cool­ing and ven­ti­la­tion. Plants and trees on the rooftop in­crease the rain seep­age rate and help to keep it cool in the sum­mer. And in­side there are more than 20 gar­dens, in­clud­ing one in an ele­gant Suzhou style.

To en­cour­age peo­ple to use cars with lower emis­sion, the tower has many park­ing spa­ces for new-en­ergy cars in pre­mium lo­ca­tions, close to el­e­va­tors.

Ver­ti­cal com­mu­nity

Not only a paragon of eco­log­i­cal de­sign, the ver­ti­cally in­te­grated com­mu­nity stacks shops, of­fices and cafes on a ver­ti­cal plane, re­defin­ing pre­vi­ously hor­i­zon­tal ur­ban com­mu­ni­ties.

The tower was cho­sen as one of the best tall build­ings in the world in 2016 by the Coun­cil on Tall Build­ings and Ur­ban Habi­tat.

In the ci­ta­tion, the CTBUH said that Shang­hai Tower showed the great­est com­mit­ment to com­mu­nal space in a tall build­ing and con­tained the world’s first truly in­hab­it­able dou­ble-skin fa­cade on a sky­scraper, re­mark­able for its in­cor­po­ra­tion into the tower’s over­all ven­ti­la­tion strat­egy. The tower has nine “ver­ti­cal com­mu­ni­ties,” each of which cov­ers 12 to 15 floors.

Ev­ery com­mu­nity has “sky lob­bies” which are par­tic­i­pa­tory spa­ces be­tween the lay­ers of the dou­ble-skin façade. They func­tion as an open-air square of a town where peo­ple gather, talk and dine. Ten­ants don’t need to take el­e­va­tors down­stairs to have a cup of cof­fee or buy a sand­wich, which, nat­u­rally and ob­vi­ously, saves elec­tric­ity.

Of­fices from the eighth to the 81st floors, are di­vided into five “ver­ti­cal com­mu­ni­ties,” and have at­tracted the re­gional head­quar­ters of multi­na­tional com­pa­nies.

Cul­tural land­mark

Shang­hai Tower is also a cul­tural land­mark. The 37th floor is home to Shang­hai Guanfu Mu­seum with thou­sands of an­tiques in­clud­ing ce­ram­ics, porce­lain, gold, Bud­dhist stat­ues and fur­ni­ture. On the same level is a 480-square-me­ter enamel floor, the world’s big­gest.

On the 38th floor is the Baoku Jiangxin Art Cen­ter that ex­hibits a wide range of crafts­man­ship in­clud­ing jade, silk em­broi­dery and Thangka paint­ings.

About 25 me­ters un­der­ground Shang­hai Tower ac­com­mo­dates the world’s largest non-bank un­der­ground safety vault for art and an­tiques.

The tower has hosted TEDxShang­hai, Shang­hai In­ter­na­tional Film Fes­ti­val events, the fi­nal of 2016 Miss Uni­verse China and the 2017 Shang­hai Tower In­ter­na­tional Ver­ti­cal Marathon.

Cur­rently, the tower is hold­ing a Dun­huang grot­toes ex­hi­bi­tion that will last Fe­bru­ary next year. Three full-size repli­cas of grot­toes from Dun­huang, an oa­sis town in north­west China, are the high­light of the ex­hi­bi­tion. The repli­cas, two from the Mo­gao grot­toes and one from the Yulin grot­toes, are re­pro­duced us­ing high-def­i­ni­tion scan­ning and 3D print­ing.

The ex­hi­bi­tion also fea­tures 120 an­tiques from mu­se­ums in north­west China’s Gansu Prov­ince, many of which are on dis­play in Shang­hai for the first time. They in­clude the du­pli­cate statue “Bronze Gal­lop­ing Horse Tread­ing on a Fly­ing Swal­low” from the East­ern Han Dy­nasty (AD 25-220).

Pop­u­lar des­ti­na­tion

To­day, Shang­hai Tower is an in­evitable mark in the city’s sight­see­ing map and has re­ceived more than 1 mil­lion vis­i­tors.

A visit to the tower starts un­der­ground where vis­i­tors get to know the de­sign and high­lights of the tower. Then, it takes only 55 sec­onds to send vis­i­tors to the ob­ser­va­tory on the 118th floor at the height of 546 me­ters, thanks to the world’s fastest el­e­va­tors. Vis­i­tors are treated to a 360-de­gree view of the city sky­line and can have fun through VR ac­tiv­i­ties.

On the 125th floor, there stands the gi­ant 1,000-ton damper. Vis­i­tors can get to know how it op­er­ates through mul­ti­me­dia in­stal­la­tions and in­ter­ac­tive ex­pe­ri­ences.

The tower is also an ideal place to hold meet­ings and busi­ness events. To en­sure qual­ity of ser­vices, the build­ing’s op­er­a­tion team was re­cruited from five-star ho­tels. It has the largest ban­quet­ing ball in the Pudong New Area and a ball­room with a gar­den out­side, a con­fer­ence hall with an ex­clu­sive sun room and seven meet­ing rooms.

Ex­clu­sive VIP el­e­va­tors, VIP lounges and other fa­cil­i­ties are there for guests who value their pri­vacy.

Twist­ing 632 me­ters above the Lu­ji­azui fi­nan­cial hub, Shang­hai Tower is the tallest build­ing in China and the sec­ond tallest in the world.

Shang­hai Tower was cho­sen as one of the best tall build­ings in the world in 2016 by the Coun­cil on Tall Build­ings and Ur­ban Habi­tat.

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