结构与形式互动下的力流“变形”*

——结构建筑学视角下的建筑形态生成

South Architecture - - 第一页 - 1 2 吴云鹏 曹海婴 Wu Yunpeng Cao Haiying

Force Flow "Deformation" under the Interaction between Structure and Form:

The Formation of Architectural Form from the Perspective of Archi-Neering Design

摘要 从结构建筑学中的“力流”概念入手,分析建筑中结构内部的接受荷载,传递荷载,释放荷载等3个过程,将力流变形分为横向“变形”与竖向“变形”,通过从力流与变形两方面对前人的建筑案例与研究进行分析,探讨了建筑结构对形式和空间的影响。详细结合瑞士建筑师克里斯蒂安·克雷兹的单墙住宅与日本建筑师伊东丰雄的多摩美术大学图书馆两个案例,强调结构设计师与建筑设计师的配合,运用图解静力学与有限元分析等研究方法研究横向变形和竖向变形两种方式在建筑设计中所起的作用。最后罗列不同力流横向与竖向“变形”的典型建筑案例,分类分析其建筑设计过程中原型与变形在结构形态与力流传递上的改变,在此基础上讨论建筑设计中结构与形式交互的创新思维。关键词 结构建筑学;力流“变形”;单墙住宅;多摩美术大学图书馆;结构与形式互动absTracT Borrowing the concept of "force flow" in archi-neering design, this paper analyzes three processes in architectural structures: load reception,load transfer and load discharge. This paper divides force flow deformation into horizontal "deformation" and vertical "deformation". By analyzing previous architectural precedents through force flow and deformation, this paper explores how the structure of a building influences its form and space. Taking Japanese architect Toyo Ito's Tama Art University Library and Swiss architect Christian Kerez's Single-Wall House as two examples, this paper emphasizes the coordination between architects and structural engineers and illustrates the role of horizontal deformation and vertical deformation of "force flow" in architectural design through graphic method of statics and finite element analysis. Finally, this paper lists different typical cases of horizontal and vertical force flow deformation, categorizes and analyzes the changes of prototype and deformation in structural form and force flow in design process, and discusses the innovative thinking within the interaction between structure and form in architecture design.

Key Words archi-neering design; force flow "deformation"; single-wall house; Tama Art University Library; interaction between structure and form

*中央高校基本科研业务费专项基金项目:传统建筑建构方式与其风格特征生成的关联性研究,项目编号: JZ2015HGXJ0164;教育部人文社会科学研究项目:基于集约优化视角的住区公共空间与城市空间耦合关系研究,项目编号: 13YJCZH008。

中图分类号 TU318文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2018.01.041文章编号 1000-0232(2018)01-0041-07

作者简介 1 硕士研究生,电子邮箱:809956110@qq.com;2 讲师;1&2合肥工业大学

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