关于城市声景保护的社会调查研究

South Architecture - - 风景园林 - 1 2 3 韩国珍 马蕙 贾怡红 Han Guozhen Ma Hui Jia Yihong

Social Survey on Urban Soundscape Protection

摘要 良好的城市声景是城市重要的景观资源,对于提升城市整体的环境质量有很重要的作用。随着城市的发展,有些声景可能面临着改变或消失,声景保护和噪声治理同样迫在眉睫。该研究以天津市为蓝本,共计发放2500多份问卷,通过社会调查的方法查明了不同社会人群对城市声景保护的态度、认识以及需要保护的城市声景内容。结果发现不同性别、年龄、职业、受教育程度对7个城市声景的主观认知均有影响;并且不同社会特征人群对城市需要保护的声景内容的确定存在差异。这些基础性研究为城市声景保护和发展奠定了理论基础。

关键词 城市声景;社会调查;声景保护aBsTracT A good soundscape in a city is an important urban resource and is helpful for improving environmental conditions. However, several urban soundscapes in China are gradually disappearing owing to rapid city development. Therefore, urban soundscape protection and noise control are both urgently required. The aim of the present study was to identify how people's demographic and social characteristics influence their attitude, cognition, and point of view regarding urban soundscape protection. A survey was conducted, with more than 2,500 questionnaires distributed. The results showed that interviewees' demographic factors such as gender, age, occupation, and education level had significant effects on their cognition of urban soundscape protection and understanding of protection content was also diversified among the different interviewee groups. These results are useful for the future practice of urban soundscape protection.

Key Words urban soundscape; social survey; urban soundscape protection

*国家自然科学基金重点项目:国家自然科学基金项目《倾听城市的声音——城市声景保护方法与模型建立的初步研究》,项目编号:51678401。

中图分类号 TU984; TU112文献标识码 A

DOI 10.3969/j.issn.1000-0232.2018.03.060文章编号 1000-0232(2018)03-0060-06

作者简介 1天津大学建筑学院,硕士研究生;2天津大学建筑学院,教授,通讯作者,电子邮箱:mahui@tju.edu.cn;3天津大学建筑学院,博士研究生 引言

声景是景观资源的重要组成部分,对噪声控制和提升城市整体环境有着积极作用[1]。随着城市现代化程度的不断提高,城市声环境日益恶劣,流失了很多美好的、

官方网站 www.nfjzbjb.com 多样的、珍贵的声景,因此保护城市声景,拯救具有城市特点和时代特征的声音至关重要[2、3]。

关于声景方面的研究国内外有一定的积累,研究的对象也涉及到了城市开放空间[4、5]、地下商业街 [6、7]、商

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