Tra­di­tions and Cus­toms of Qixi

Special Focus - - Festival -

1. Spi­der web and nee­dle shad­ows

In the Han Dy­nasty, girls would place a small spi­der in a small box. The den­sity of the web in­di­cated the skill­ful­ness of a girl. In the Tang Dy­nasty, the spi­der was placed on a melon. In the Song and Yuan Dy­nas­ties, the shadow of a nee­dle on the wa­ter’s sur­face was the in­di­ca­tor. These tricks are all tests of em­broi­dery skills.

2.Wor­ship­ing the Girl Weaver

As for the cer­e­mony wor­ship­ing the Girl Weaver, girls and young ladies would make ap­point­ments with their friends and neigh­bors in ad­vance. They would put a ta­ble out un­der the moon­light with tea, white wine, five kinds of seeds and fruits ( lon­gan, red dates, hazel­nuts, peanuts, and sun­flower seeds). In ad­di­tion, there would be a bunch of flow­ers wrapped in red pa­per in a bot­tle, and in front of the flow­ers would be a small in­cense burner. The young ladies and girls would fast for one day and have a bath. Af­ter the wor­ship, every­one sat around the ta­ble, eat­ing, chat­ter­ing, and pray­ing silently to the Girl Weaver. The girls wished to be more beau­ti­ful or marry a good man, and the young ladies wished to have a baby and a happy fam­ily.

3.Mak­ing and eat­ing Qiaoguo Qiaoguo, also named Qiqiao fruit, has many pat­terns. Its in­gre­di­ents are oil, flour, sugar, and honey. In Rem­i­nis­cence­soft­heEastern

Cap­i­tal , a notebook about city life in the Song Dy­nasty, Qiaoguo is called “Xiaoyan’er” and “Gu­oshi­huayang.” Dur­ing the Song Dy­nasty, Qiaoguo could be bought in the mar­ket.

Cook­ing method: first, heat the sugar into liq­uid; mix it with the flour, and add the se­same; prop­erly mix them in and spread the dough on the chop­ping board. When it is cold, cut the dough into long cubes, and shape it into a fusiform. Fi­nally fry it in the pot, and then the Qiaoguo is made. Fried flour-made dough in a va­ri­ety of shapes are also known as Qiaoguo.

In ad­di­tion, there can be many va­ri­eties of fruits pre­sented in the Qiqiao cer­e­mony: the fruits can be carved into flow­ers and birds or pat­terned in re­lief on the fruits’ sur­faces. These are called flow­ery fruits.

Nowa­days Qixi is re­garded as the Chi­nese Valen­tine’s Day. On this ro­man­tic fes­ti­val, sweet­hearts present fra­grant flow­ers and ex­press their ten­der love to each other. Many choose to make pro­pos­als to their part­ners on Qixi.

Re­gard­less of the di­verse en­rich­ment of Qixi Fes­ti­val, the orig­i­nal con­no­ta­tion of this tra­di­tional fes­ti­val will never be for­got­ten. In 2006, Qixi Fes­ti­val was listed by the State Coun­cil as the first batch of na­tional in­tan­gi­ble cul­tural her­itage. There are many cel­e­brat­ing ac­tiv­i­ties held dur­ing Qixi through­out China; for in­stance, the Qiqiao Fes­ti­vals in Guangzhou and the Long­nan area of Gansu Prov­ince both have a strong in­flu­ence in the lo­cal­ity. In var­i­ous ways, tra­di­tional Chi­nese cul­ture are mixed into mod­ern life and passed down from one gen­er­a­tion to an­other.

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