The Classic of Mountains and Seas , a Chinese ancient literary classic, was written by the Chu ( now Hubei and Hunan Provinces) people or the Bashu ( now Sichuan Province and Chongqing Municipality) people from the middle and late period of the Warring States to the early Han Dynasty. The book has 22 articles in total, about 32,650 words, among which 18 articles are left now. It is divided into Classic of Zangshan (5 articles), Classic of Areas Overseas ( 4 articles), Classic of Regions Within the Seas ( 5 articles), and Classic of Great Wildness ( 4 articles). This major source of Chinese mythology brings together a treasure trove of rare data and colorful fiction about mythical figures, rituals, medicine, natural history, and ethnic peoples of the ancient world. The book preserves many ancient legends and fables, including Kuafu Running After the Sun, the Goddess Mending the Sky, Jingwei Trying to Fill the Sea, and Emperor Yu Taming the Flood.
The Classic of Mountains and Seas has extraordinary literary value and serves as a reference for the study of ancient Chinese history, geography, culture, Chinese and foreign traffic, folk customs, and mythology. The book has many versions and the earliest one is the Biography of the Classic of Mountains and
Seas compiled by Guo Wei of the Jin Dynasty. Nowadays most scholars in China believe that the Classic of Mountains and Seas
is a highly valuable geographical work with a long history.