Study­ing Medicine in Hubei, China

学医在中国湖北

Special Focus - - Contents - He Sai, Ning Fang & Liu Kun­wei何塞 宁芳 刘坤维

As is com­monly known, the rapid eco­nomic growth and ex­pan­sion in China have wit­nessed huge leaps in med­i­cal science. China has un­doubt­edly reached the in­ter­na­tional level in the field of min­i­mally in­va­sive pro­ce­dures, and es­pe­cially in such can­cer surg­eries as stom­ach, in­testi­nal, lung, and pan­cre­atic can­cers. Suc­cess sto­ries of com­bat­ing against the SARS, H1N1, HIV and the like, plus Tu Youyou’s win­ning of No­bel Prize in Medicine have earned China a pos­i­tive rep­u­ta­tion in med­i­cal science.

The myth of “Go­ing to Europe and the US to study medicine, and go­ing to China just to study Chi­nese” has per­ished. More and more over­seas stu­dents are now study­ing medicine in China. Ac­cord­ing to sta­tis­tics from rel­e­vant de­part­ments, the num­ber of over­seas stu­dents study­ing medicine in Hubei has been in­creas­ing steadily from 2006 to 2017. Just in 2018, 20,000 over­seas stu­dents stud­ied in Hubei— among which, 5000 are study­ing medicine, sec­ond only to those study­ing Chi­nese. Tongji Med­i­cal Col­lege of the Huazhong Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy, the School of Medicine of Wuhan Uni­ver­sity, and the Hubei Uni­ver­sity of Chi­nese Medicine are the top choices for in­ter­na­tional stu­dents. As we know, Hubei is rich in med­i­cal ed­u­ca­tion re­sources in China. Over­seas stu­dents’ choice of study­ing medicine in Hubei could best re­flect the over­seas stu­dents’ en­thu­si­asm for study­ing medicine in China.

On De­cem­ber 12, 2018, we con­ducted an in­ter­view with some over­seas stu­dents study­ing at Wuhan Union Hospi­tal af­fil­i­ated with Tongji Med­i­cal Col­lege of Huazhong Uni­ver­sity of Science

and Tech­nol­ogy ( here­inafter re­ferred to as “Wuhan Union Hospi­tal”).

Prac­tic­ing while Study­ing, Pro­vid­ing a Nice Cur­ricu­lum Al­most all the over­seas stu­dents main­tain that it is both af­ford­able and worth­while to study medicine in China.

Sav­ing on tu­ition fees is just one piece of the whole pic­ture. Most im­por­tantly, study­ing medicine in China ben­e­fits them by pro­vid­ing both knowl­edge and valu­able ex­pe­ri­ence. Sev­eral fac­tors, such as pa­tients num­ber, case com­plex­ity, in­tern va­can­cies, and ad­vanced equip­ment not only pro­vide the best en­vi­ron­ment for the rapid boom of med­i­cal sciences in China, but also of­fer many op­por­tu­ni­ties for the med­i­cal stu­dents. Take Wuhan Union Hospi­tal for ex­am­ple— it started en­rolling over­seas stu­dents in 2007 and has trained 315 over­seas doc­tors since 2012.

Pro­fes­sor Chen Lili, who once stud­ied stom­a­tol­ogy at Har­vard Med­i­cal School, is now a doc­toral men­tor in Wuhan Union Hospi­tal. Chen says that the med­i­cal ed­u­ca­tion is quite dif­fer­ent in Western coun­tries, as com­pared with that in China. In most Euro­pean coun­tries and in Amer­ica, med­i­cal stu­dents do not have suf­fi­cient op­por­tu­ni­ties to prac­tice their skills— for they di­vorce the re­search from the clinic in med­i­cal ed­u­ca­tion. How­ever, Chi­nese med­i­cal col­leges em­pha­size the im­por­tance of a com­bi­na­tion of both re­search and clin­i­cal ex­pe­ri­ences, and stu­dents are of­fered the chance to prac­tice while also learn­ing med­i­cal the­o­ries. Chen Lili be­lieves that ac­tual cases pro­vide the best ground for teach­ing. There are about one- thou­sand beds in a large hospi­tal in other coun­tries, while Wuhan Union Hospi­tal has over 5000 beds. This year, this hospi­tal has treated 5.7 mil­lion peo­ple, ac­com­mo­dated 227,000 hos­pi­tal­ized pa­tients, and con­ducted 121,000 sur­gi­cal op­er­a­tions. The stu­dents have am­ple op­por­tu­ni­ties to en­gage in clin­i­cal prac­tices, thus fa­mil­iar­iz­ing them­selves with

med­i­cal knowl­edge and skills.

Osamah Al­walid is a Ph. D. can­di­date from Ye­men. He ap­plied to five uni­ver­si­ties in the US, China, and Aus­tralia, and was fi­nally ad­mit­ted to Wuhan Union Hospi­tal. He said, “I re­ally cher­ish this hard-earned op­por­tu­nity. My doc­toral men­tor, Pro­fes­sor Han Ping, is a knowl­edge­able ex­pert in ra­di­ol­ogy and al­ways en­cour­ages and sup­ports me in my stud­ies and re­search work.” Osamah has been work­ing dili­gently by mak­ing full use of th­ese fa­vor­able con­di­tions and hopes to be­come a world- renowned ex­pert in ra­di­ol­ogy and nu­clear medicine one day.

Mo­ham­mad Ishraq Za­far, a Ph. D. can­di­date from In­dia, has fo­cused his re­search in the field of En­docrinol­ogy, pri­mar­ily re­lated to the di­a­betes and its as­so­ci­ated com­pli­ca­tions. He has been awarded the ti­tle of Aca­demic Ex­cel­lence by Huazhong Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy and the ti­tle

of Out­stand­ing In­ter­na­tional Stu­dent by the China Schol­ar­ship Coun­cil ( CSC), Min­istry of Ed­u­ca­tion of the Peo­ple’s Repub­lic of China, for his ac­com­plish­ments in med­i­cal re­search. Za­far said that the stu­dents can learn so much at Wuhan Union Hospi­tal, owed in large part to its fa­vor­able teach­ing en­vi­ron­ment, ad­vanced med­i­cal equip­ment, and pro­fes­sional fac­ulty. He said that he is for­tu­nate to have a su­per­vi­sor like Pro­fes­sor Chen Lulu, as she is the most knowl­edge­able per­son he has ever met, and she knows how to ex­tract the best out of any stu­dent.

Devot­ing to Study­ing for their Mother­land

Osamah has been de­voted to both the­o­ret­i­cal study and clin­i­cal prac­tice as a Ph. D. can­di­date. His doc­toral men­tor, Pro­fes­sor Han Ping, com­mented that, “Osamah is in­tel­li­gent and hard­work­ing. With strong com­pe­tence in both lan­guage and re­search, he can com­plete re­search project in­de­pen­dently and has pub­lished sev­eral SCI pa­pers.” Any prac­ti­tioner knows that it’s no easy to pub­lish an SCI pa­per without solid re­search and in­no­va­tive prac­tices. Osamah has a strong com­pas­sion for the lives lost in wars and ac­ci­dents, and hopes to help peo­ple by heal­ing their ill­nesses.

Za­far ob­tained his mas­ter’s de­gree at Wuhan Union Hospi­tal and de­cided to con­tinue his Ph. D. stud­ies there. His men­tor, Pro­fes­sor Chen Lulu, praised his pas­sion for study­ing medicine. He has pub­lished sev­eral ar­ti­cles, in­clud­ing seven SCI pa­pers as the first au­thor and hopes to make more progress in the fu­ture. Za­far’s re­search em­pha­sizes the com­pre­hen­sive re­search and ap­pli­ca­tions of re­lated dis­ci­plines, and he prefers be­ing a re­searcher and aca­demi­cian who can nur­ture pro­fes­sion­als than be­ing a clin­i­cal doc­tor.

Methavee Chu­lanuka from Thai­land hopes to con­tinue her mas­ter’s stud­ies af­ter fin­ish­ing her un­der­grad­u­ate cour­ses, and wants to con­trib­ute to the med­i­cal world in her mother­land. She said it takes a long time for lo­cals to see a good doc­tor in some parts of her coun­try. She’s de­ter­mined to be a good doc­tor and has re­ceived the ti­tle of Ex­cel­lent In­ter­na­tional Stu­dent at Huazhong Uni­ver­sity of Science and Tech­nol­ogy sev­eral times.

We’ve also met a beau­ti­ful Do­mini­can girl named Dionne Telemacque dur­ing our in­ter­view. Dionne stud­ied Chi­nese for one year at Shang­hai Tongji Uni­ver­sity in 2011, and then stud­ied clin­i­cal medicine in Nan­chang Uni­ver­sity. She en­rolled at Wuhan Union Hospi­tal in 2017 and has con­tin­ued her post­grad­u­ate ed­u­ca­tion ma­jor­ing in or­tho­pe­dics. She is also a mem­ber of the spinal cord in­jury re­search team now.

Se­lasi Aku Daddy is an un­der­grad­u­ate stu­dent from Ghana and is pur­su­ing both a Bach­e­lor’s of Medicine and Bach­e­lor’s of Science de­gree. She is now work­ing on clin­i­cal science cour­ses and will grad­u­ate in one year. She plans to work for her coun­try for three years af­ter

grad­u­a­tion and then con­tinue her post­grad­u­ate and doc­toral stud­ies in other coun­tries. She has a quick mind and pas­sion for med­i­cal stud­ies, and will surely be­come an ex­cel­lent doc­tor in the fu­ture.

Med­i­cal ex­perts from Hubei Province have been the core mem­bers of Chi­nese Med­i­cal Teams in Africa, and have been pro­vid­ing in­ter­na­tional med­i­cal aid since 1960, the year Hubei Province or­ga­nized its first Chi­nese med­i­cal team to work in Al­ge­ria. Some doc­tors and their fam­ily mem­bers have been mem­bers of th­ese aid pro­grams for three gen­er­a­tions and have helped hun­dreds of thou­sands of African fam­i­lies, con­tribut­ing to the med­i­cal science de­vel­op­ment in th­ese coun­tries and re­gions. As an old Chi­nese say­ing goes, “It is bet­ter to teach one the skill of fish­ing than to of­fer him fish.” Hubei province has not only sent in­ter­na­tional med­i­cal teams, but also helped train med­i­cal re­search and tech­ni­cal staff in coun­tries all over the world. The med­i­cal col­leges in Hubei have trained thou­sands of med­i­cal per­son­nel from many coun­tries, both in­side the bor­ders of China and around the world.

What’s worth men­tion­ing is that even though most of the stu­dents come from Africa, Asia, and the Pa­cific Is­lands, which are com­par­a­tively back­ward in med­i­cal sciences, an in­creas­ing num­ber of stu­dents are also com­ing from Europe, the US, and other de­vel­oped coun­tries for short- term ex­change pro­grams, train­ing, and post­grad­u­ate cour­ses. For ex­am­ple, many med­i­cal stu­dents from Ger­many and Bri­tain come to Wuhan Union Hospi­tal for in­tern­ships and re­search ev­ery year. Tu­lane Uni­ver­sity sent doc­tors from the de­part­ment of anes­the­si­ol­ogy to pro­vide train­ing for res­i­dent physi­cians there at Wuhan Union Hospi­tal. Both sides have also co­op­er­ated in re­gards to teacher train­ing and shar­ing the lat­est teach­ing meth­ods and re­sults.

Sup­ported by lead­ing med­i­cal col­leges and clin­i­cal hos­pi­tals, Hubei Province is now on its way to build­ing and pro­mot­ing its in­ter­na­tional rep­u­ta­tion for pro­vid­ing top- notch med­i­cal ed­u­ca­tion.

Mo­ham­mad Ishraq Za­far work­ing on an experiment 博士研究生扎法尔在潜心实验

Osamah Al­walid in the in­ter­ven­tional room

梅萨微在学习急救术 Methavee Chu­lanuka learn­ing first aid treat­ment

Se­lasi Aku Daddy (right) and her in­struc­tor Peng Cheng (left) 塞勒茜(右)和辅导员彭程(左)

Pro­fes­sor Chen Rui vis­it­ing his pa­tients with two stu­dents 主任医师陈瑞带留学生看望病人

Dionne Telemacque at her un­der­grad­u­ate grad­u­a­tion cer­e­mony at Nan­chang Uni­ver­sity 吉依恩在南昌大学本科毕业典礼上

Pro­fes­sor Han Ping ex­plain­ing a case to her stu­dents 韩萍教授向留学生讲解案例

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