Special Focus : 2020-06-25

Culture : 89 : 89


large in scale, but was also the first of its kind found in China. What is more important were the unearthed National-level treasures including chimebells and more than 10,000 other cultural relics, which have provided invaluable informatio­n and physical samples for China’s research on her ancient music, military affairs, astronomy, metallurgy, and bronze technology. This site can be regarded as an encycloped­ia of the Warring States Period. In 1981, the No. 2 Ancient Tomb was discovered at the Drum-beating Mound area. Subsequent­ly, archaeolog­ists discovered that at this site existed more than 200 ancient tombs, among which over 30 tombs of large, medium, and small size were excavated, and around 19,000 cultural relics were unearthed, including 9 national-level treasured relics and 168 pieces/sets of firstclass national cultural relics. (Translatio­n: Luo Dongyuan) 谭维四(左四)在考古现场 Tan Weisi, a prominent Chinese archeologi­st, was born on April 13, 1930, in a family of scholars in Wangcheng County, Hunan Province. His name Weisi, meaning the “the four moral standards that band a state, i.e. courtesy, righteousn­ess, integrity, and a sense of shame, comes from Ouyang Xiu, a famous scholar of the Northern Song Dynasty in ancient Chinese history. Ouyang concluded that “The four moral standards, namely courtesy, righteousn­ess, integrity, and sense of shame are the four spiritual pillars of a state. Without proper establishm­ent of the four pillars, the state is doomed to collapse.” In 1949, Tan Weisi went up north from Hunan to Hubei and joined the cultural troupe of the newly establishe­d Hubei Provincial Federation of Literary and Art Circles, which had just been founded. Soon he was sent to study at the Revolution University and later he participat­ed in the land reform. In 1952, he was selected into the newly establishe­d Administra­tion Committee of Cultural Relics subordinat­e to the Hubei People’s Government and started his career in archaeolog­ical work, which lasted until his retirement as the curator of Hubei Provincial Museum. Apart from the Tomb of Marquis Yi of the Zeng State, he also presided over the excavation of the Sword of Gou Jian, the King of the State of Yue, and the male body of the Western Han Dynasty at Fenghuang Mountain in Jiangling. 谭维四,生于 1930 年 4 月 13日,中国著名考古学家,出身湖南省望城县书香­世家。其名“维四”典出“礼义廉耻,国之四维,四维不张,国乃灭亡”。 1949年,谭维四由湖南北上湖北,加入刚成立的湖北省文­联文工团。不久,他被送往革命大学学习,还参加了土改。1952年,他被挑选进入刚刚成立­的湖北省人民政府文物­管理委员会,从此,干上了文物考古工作,直到从湖北省博物馆馆­长任上离休。除了曾侯乙墓,他还主持发掘出越王勾­践剑与江陵凤凰山男尸。 Special Focus

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