He­mudu Civil­i­sa­tion on the Sea

That's China - - The Garden On The Sea -

Be­fore the dis­cov­ery of the Ne­olithic re­mains in the sea­side out­skirts of to­day’s Ma’ao area in Ding­hai in 1979, there had never been ev­i­dence force­ful enough to trace the source of hu­man habi­ta­tion in the Zhoushan ar­chi­pel­ago. The 140,000 sq.m arche­o­log­i­cal sprawl hosts 12 Ne­olithic sites and eight sites from the Shang and Zhou dy­nas­ties, with one un­earthed in Yang­tanli turn­ing out to be a trea­sure trove of Ne­olithic pot­tery. The paddy traces on the red pot­tery pieces led to the con­clu­sion that hu­man civ­i­liza­tion in Zhoushan dates back at least 5,000 years ago, hence the new en­try “He­mudu on the Sea” in the world’s arche­o­log­i­cal dic­tionary (He­mudu is a Ne­olithic cul­ture that flour­ished just south of the Hangzhou Bay in Jiang­nan in mod­ern Yuyao, Ningbo. The cul­ture may be di­vided into early and late phases,

afn­terd4000 be­fore and BC re­spec­tively. The site at He­mudu, 22km north­west of Ningbo, was dis­cov­ered in 1973).

The foot­steps of the trail­blaz­ers of Ding­hai were left in the an­cient post roads in the moun­tain range ex­tend­ing from the west to the east. First built in the Kaiyuan years of the Tang Dy­nasty, the post road run­ning from the north­ern ‘gate’ of Ding­hai to San­jiangkou in Ma’ao is a 14km stretch that once served as the only route to take for those who needed to cross Ding­hai from south to north. In an­cient times, San­jiangkou was a bustling trad­ing port serv­ing mer­chant ships shut­tling be­tween ma­jor is­lands in Zhoushan and be­tween Zhoushan and nearby cities such as Shang­hai and Ningbo.


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