Hans Shippe (18971941)
Hans Shippe was a Jewish writer, journalist and military figure who came to China in 1925. Born in Krakow in the former AustroHungarian Empire (now Poland), Shippe joined the Communist Party of Germany after graduating from university, and later went to the Soviet Union to work as a journalist. When the Nazis came to power in Germany, Shippe and his wife decided to settle down in China, and they intermingled with other foreigners who were interested in studying Marxism, politics and international relations. When the Second SinoJapanese War broke out, Shippe worked as a journalist to gather information and write reports on the situation in China. In 1938 he travelled to Yan'an and was able to interview Chairman Mao Zedong. In 1939 he decided to leave Shanghai, and join the Chinese Army at Ya'an. Shippe was the first Jewish volunteer to fall in battle during the war against Japan. While fighting alongside the Chinese on the Yimeng Mountain, he died on the battlefield in 1941. A monument was erected in Shandong Province by the Chinese army and civilians in memory of Shippe.