Jacob Rosenfeld (1903-1952)
More commonly known by the Chinese people as General Luo, Jacob Rosenfeld served as the Minister of Health in the 1947 Provisional Communist Military Government of China. A Jew born in Lemberg, the AustroHungarian Empire (today Lviv, Ukraine), he graduated from Vienna University with a specialization in urology. After one year’s ordeal in Anschluss, he was released but was forced to leave his home country within two weeks. In 1939, he landed in Shanghai, the only place in the world open to foreigners without the hassle of visa processing at the time.
In March of 1941, he arrived in Yancheng, where he joined the New Fourth Army as a field doctor and the force’s first foreign member. He not only saved the life of a good many senior commanders but became a close friend of Chen Yi (a Chinese communist military commander and politician who served as Mayor of Shanghai from 1949 to 1958 and as Foreign Minister of China from 1958 to 1972).
He chose to remain in China after the fall of the Nazi regime and participated in the People's Liberation Army's march before returning in 1949 to Europe to search for relatives, most of whom had perished in the Holocaust.
He reunited with his sister in Austria in 1949. In 1950, after unsuccessfully attempting to return to China, he emigrated to Israel and was reunited with his brother. He died two years later from heart failure, at the age of 49.
A hospital in Junan County, China’s Shandong Province was named after him.
Jacob Rosenfeld in Shandong